A fawn Catahoula Bulldog displaying "ice blue" eye and amber eye
|Breeds||Catahoula Leopard Dog, American Bulldog|
The Catahoula bulldog is a crossbred (not a purebred dog); it is a cross between the Catahoula Leopard Dog and the American Bulldog for a specific purpose. Al Walker of Animal Research Foundation has stated that the Catahoula Bulldog is recognized as 50% Catahoula Leopard and 50% American Bulldog in the first generation cross. In succeeding generations, it may be 75%-25% mix in either direction. The 75%-25% cross should not be exceeded to maintain the desirable characteristics of each breed.
The Catahoula bulldog is a medium to large size dog weighing in at 34-45.3 kg (60-100 lb). The height is 55–66 cm (20-26 inches) at the shoulders.
The dog has the American Bulldog's muscular build with tight skin and a very short, smooth coat. Normally it does not have an undercoat but usually develops one when living in seasonal or colder climates. Catahoula Bulldogs come in a wide variety of colors. They can be white, black and white, black, brown, brown and white and sometimes even black and brown and due to the Catahoula Leopard genes. Both pure white and merled coats white with grey, black and tan patches and blotches; some have very large areas of color and smaller patches and tips or spots are common.
The eyes can be a soft to dark brown, amber, ice blue, emerald green, gold or any combination of all of these including heterochromia. Ears can be a rose type to button over and are sometimes cropped. The Catahoula bulldog tends to use the ears in a very expressive manner.
The tail can be long or a natural bobtail.
Though utilized as a hunting, working, and guard dog, the Catahoula Bulldog makes an excellent companion. They are loyal and devoted to their people and have strong protective instincts; they are generally calm though also alert to its surroundings.
Herding and hunting
In herding, the Catahoula Bulldog has the natural abilities of the Catahoula Leopard, using intimidation to herd on ranches and farms. In hog hunting, this hybrid is strong and intelligent for actual catching of hogs. As a bear dog, the Catahoula Bulldog excels as it has the size and aggressiveness of the American bulldog as well as the aggressiveness, intelligence and hunting ability of the Catahoula Leopard. From the American Bulldog it acquired the great jaw strength, heavier torso, and more-robust legs.
The Catahoula Bulldog has been around for over 100 years, for the most part in the southern United States. It is reported that ranchers wanted a dual-purpose dog for herding and catching hogs as well as for hunting American Black Bear. While the Catahoula Leopard was very skilled at luring a hog to a pen then escaping over the back of the pen, it was not large or rugged enough by itself to catch a hog. The American Bulldog had the extra size, weight, and strong jaw as well as being an excellent catch dog, while the Catahoula Leopard had the intelligence, speed, endurance and the instincts of hunting and herding.
The result in combining the two breeds was a large, more-rugged, and more-intelligent dog with increased skills in hunting and herding.
In 1951, Mr. Stodghill of the Animal Research Foundation began registration of Catahoula Bulldogs. In 1960, Howard Carnathan contacted Mr. Stodghill writing, "I needed a dog that would be a companion and protector to my children and home yet also was in need of a dog that would help with the farming duties. The mixture of the Catahoula Bulldog fit my purpose exactly." In 1962 Bart Perry of Midlothian, Texas had been active in raising the American Bulldog. In 1968 he became the first ARF Certified Breeder of Catahoula Bulldogs.
The Catahoula Bulldog is but one of a number of niche breeds in development, which also include the Olde English Bulldogge, the Dorset Olde Tyme Bulldogge, the Olde Boston Bulldogge, the Mallorquin Bulldog, and the Buldogue Campiero.
|Catahoula Bulldog images|
- "Ruling: Friendswood woman died of dog attack", Lindsay Wise, Houston Chronicle, March 19, 2007, webpage: HCron-4: states two other dogs at scene with a Catahoula Bulldog, noted as cross between an American Bulldog and a Catahoula Leopard Dog.
- Bulldog Information
- Animal Research Foundation
- Dog World: And the Humans Who Live There, Alfred Gingold, 2005, 228 pages, p. 174, Google Books webpage: BGoogle-IL.