Catalonian parliamentary election, 2006
|Graphic of the results in the Catalan Parliament election, 2006, based in constituencies.|
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
The November 2006 Catalan parliament election was an early one (the original election date was due for the Fall of 2007, roughly one year after the actual early election took place). This was mostly a result of the uneasy and controversial redaction of the Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia amended text, which has further expanded the authority of the Catalan Government ever since it was passed in June 2006.
The Statute amendment was approved in a referendum on June 18, 2006 in which 73.24% of voters were in favour of the new Statute, 20.57% of the votes were against. This referendum was noted for its huge abstention: only 48.85% of the electorate participated in it.
Since the 2003 elections a coalition of three left-wing parties, Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC), Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) and Initiative for Catalonia Greens-United and Alternative Left (ICV-EUiA) had been in power, with Pasqual Maragall i Mira as President. However, in May 2006 ERC, following internal tensions, left the coalition due to its disagreement on the final draft of the Statute of Autonomy which themselves had partially redacted, thus leaving Maragall without a majority and forcing him to call for this early election. On June 21, 2006 Maragall announced his intention to personally step down at the upcoming election, arguably due to the political erosion his government had suffered after an uneasy relationship with ERC.
Besides the issue of Catalan nationalism, the main issues of the campaign were taxes, social security, housing and immigration.
Unlike the previous 2003 elections, when Convergence and Union (CiU) achieved a plurality of seats in the autonomous Parliament but did not get the highest number of votes (PSC achieved a narrow lead in votes, the discrepancy between votes number and seats being explained by the electoral law) in this occasion CiU won the elections both in seats and votes numbers. Still those weren't enough to have an absolute majority. Then, after coalition negotiations, the PSC, ERC and ICV-EUiA agreed to renew the three-party coalition that had been in power, which made PSC's leader José Montilla President.
This elections saw a new party (Ciutadans - Partido de la Ciudadanía) entering the autonomous parliament, which has increased the already high diversity of this parliament from five political parties with representation to now six, which contrasts with the increasingly bipartisan Spanish -and European in general- politic scenario.
Deputies are elected in four electoral districts: 85 in Barcelona, 17 in Girona, 15 in Lleida and 18 in Tarragona. In each district, seats are allocated to parties obtaining at least 3% of the votes in that district using the D'Hondt method.
- Convergència i Unió (CiU, Convergence and Unity). Presidential candidate: Artur Mas. Union of the Catalan nationalist, fiscally liberal Democratic Convergence of Catalonia and the conservative Democratic Union of Catalonia.
- Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC-PSOE). Presidential candidate: José Montilla. Social democratic. Affiliated to the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE).
- Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya (ERC, Republican Left of Catalonia). Presidential candidate: Josep-Lluís Carod-Rovira. Catalan republican and independentist, left-wing.
- People's Party (PP). Presidential candidate: Josep Piqué. The main party of the centre-right in Spain.
- Initiative for Catalonia Greens-United and Alternative Left (ICV-EUiA). Presidential candidate: Joan Saura. Green (eco-socialist) and radical left.
- Citizens' Party (Ciutadans - Partido de la Ciudadanía). Presidential candidate: Albert Rivera. Social democratic, social liberalist and non nationalist party.
Poll results are listed in the table below in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed in bold, and the background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded. The lead column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the two parties with the highest figures. Poll results use the date the survey's fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. However, if such date is unknown, the date of publication will be given instead.
Opinion polls showing seat projections are displayed in the table below. The highest seat figures in each polling survey have their background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded. 68 seats are required for an absolute majority in the Parliament of Catalonia.
|Convergence and Union (CiU)||935,756||31.52||+0.58||48||+2|
|Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC)||796,173||26.82||−4.34||37||−5|
|Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC)||416,355||14.03||−2.41||21||−2|
|People's Party of Catalonia (PPC)||316,222||10.65||−1.24||14||−1|
|Initiative for Catalonia Greens (ICV-EUiA)||282,693||9.52||+2.24||12||+3|
|Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's)||89,840||3.03||New||3||+3|
|The Greens-Ecologists of Catalonia (EV-EVC)||17,900||0.60||+0.04||0||±0|
|Animal Rights Party (PACMA)||13,730||0.46||New||0||±0|
|Unsubmissive Seats (Ei)||6,922||0.23||+0.16||0||±0|
|Catalan Republican Party (RC)||6,024||0.20||New||0||±0|
|Internationalist Socialist Workers' Party (POSI)||5,632||0.19||+0.06||0||±0|
|Communist Party of the People of Catalonia (PCPC)||4,798||0.16||+0.08||0||±0|
|The Greens-Green Alternative (EV-AV)||3,228||0.11||+0.05||0||±0|
|Family and Life Party (PFyL)||2,776||0.09||New||0||±0|
|Forward Catalonia Platform (AES-DN)||2,735||0.09||New||0||±0|
|Humanist Party (PH)||2,608||0.09||+0.04||0||±0|
|Republican Social Movement (MSR)||1,096||0.04||+0.02||0||±0|
|Carmel/Blue Party (PAzul)||1,039||0.04||New||0||±0|
|For a Fairer World (PUM+J)||945||0.03||New||0||±0|
|Catalonia Decides (Eb)||668||0.02||New||0||±0|
|Citizens for Blank Votes (CenB)||626||0.02||+0.01||0||±0|
|Republican Left (IR)||524||0.02||−0.03||0||±0|
|Votes cast / turnout||2,982,108||56.04||−6.50|
Results by province
Results by comarques
|Conca de Barberà||38.8||26.0||17.8||5.4||7.1||0.3||+12.8||62.8|
|Pla de l'Estany||42.5||13.8||25.9||4.6||7.8||0.5||+16.6||66.2|
Investiture voting for José Montilla Aguilera (PSC)
Absolute majority: 68/135
|Yes||PSC (37), ERC (21), ICV-EUiA (12)|
|No||CiU (48), PPC (14), C's (3)|
|Source: Historia Electoral|
- Poll results are shown projected over candidacy votes (that is, votes going for political parties, excluding blank ballots). The vote percentage in the official election is calculated including blank ballots into the estimation. In order to obtain data comparable to both the official results as well as those of other polls, a rule of three has been applied to the poll projections, with the results of the calculation being shown instead.
- "Montilla, elegido candidato del PSC a la Generalitat con el 98% de los votos". El País. 2006-07-16. Retrieved 2012-04-18.
- (Spanish), Parliament of Catalonia