Catalan Sign Language

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Catalan Sign Language
Llengua de signes catalana
Native to Spain
Region Catalonia
Native speakers
18,000  (1994)[1]
possibly French SL
  • Catalan Sign Language
Dialects
Language codes
ISO 639-3 csc
Glottolog cata1241[2]

Catalan Sign Language (Catalan: Llengua de signes catalana, LSC; IPA: [ˈʎeŋɡwə ðə ˈsiŋnəs kətəˈɫanə]) is a sign language used by 18,000 signers in Catalonia. It has about 50% intelligibility with Spanish Sign Language.

Since 1994, it has an official status thanks to a law to promote and diffuse the language promulgated by Generalitat de Catalunya. Catalonia was the first Spanish Autonomous Community to approve a law for a sign language.

FESOCA (Catalan Federation of Deaf People) is a 1979 NGO to represent and to defend the rights of deaf associations and individuals to achieve a full social participation and integration. FESOCA organises several courses, activities and meetings.

There are research groups for LSC like ILLESCAT (LSC Study Centre). This centre studies the evolution of the language, makes linguistic studies and creates new neologisms. The Platform for Linguistic and Cultural Rights for LSC Users aka LSC, Ara! carried out a law to promote this language in the Statute of Autonomy.

Classification[edit]

Wittmann (1991)[3] suspects that LSC may be part of the French Sign Language family, but transmission to Catalonia would have happened early, and is not easy to demonstrate.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Catalan Sign Language at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Catalan Sign Language". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Wittmann, Henri (1991). "Classification linguistique des langues signées non vocalement." Revue québécoise de linguistique théorique et appliquée 10:1.215–88.[1]