Catalan independence referendums, 2009–11

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The Catalan independence referendums were a series of non-binding and unofficial referendums, "popular votes" (consultes populars), held in municipalities around Catalonia, in which voters indicate whether they support Catalan independence from Spain. The first such referendum was held in Arenys de Munt on 13 September 2009: this was followed by votes in Sant Jaume de Frontanyà on 12 December and in 166 other municipalities on 13 December. Further votes are planned for February and April 2010.[dated info]

Provisional figures for the 13 December vote suggest a turnout of around 200,000 (30% of those eligible to vote).

Context[edit]

The referendum in Arenys de Munt was called by the municipality following a motion in the town council by councillors from the Popular Unity Candidates (CUP). It came a time of growing frustration in "catalanist" circles at the delays in implementing the Statute of Autonomy of 2006. In particular, more than one-third of the provisions of the Statute had been appealed to the Constitutional Court of Spain by the People's Party, the largest opposition party in the Cortes Generales (Spanish parliament). More than three years later, the Constitutional Court had still not decided the case, with the ten judges in an unprecedented and increasingly politicised deadlock.

The relative success of the vote in Arenys de Munt, with a turnout of 41% and despite the efforts of the Spanish government to prevent the referendum, led to similar movements appearing in other Catalan municipalities. Given the difficulties of organising a vote without official support, the consultations were not all programmed for the same day: it had been hoped to organise votes in October 2009, but the date of 13 December was chosen for the next round of voting in 167 municipalities (Sant Jaume de Frontanyà, the smallest municipality in Catalonia with just 21 voters, decided to advance the poll by one day).

Legal status[edit]

The Spanish Constitution of 1978 allows for consultative referendums on "political decisions of special importance" (Art. 92): however, the procedure requires the approval of both the government and the Congress of Deputies (the lower house of the Cortes Generales).

Art. 2 of the 1978 Constitution also refers to "the indissoluble unity of the Spanish Nation, the common and indivisible homeland of all Spaniards," which would appear to imply that the de jure independence of any of the autonomous communities would have to come about through a constitutional amendment. Such an amendment would come under the extremely onerous provisions of Art. 168, requiring:

  • the two-thirds majority of both chambers of the Cortes Generales;
  • the dissolution of the Cortes Generales and a general election;
  • the reapproval of the amendment by two-thirds majority in both chambers of the newly elected Cortes Generales; and
  • final ratification by national referendum.

Phases[edit]

  Yes
  No

The consultations on the independence of the Catalan nation took place in several stages:

  1. September 13, 2009: First referendum, in Arenys de Munt.
  2. 12 and December 13, 2009: Referendums held in 167 municipalities. This phase was done in two days:
  3. February 28, 2010: Third stage of consultations in 80 municipalities.
  4. 24 and April 25, 2010: Fourth stage of consultations in 211 municipalities.
    • April 24, 2010: Referendum in Esparraguera.
    • April 25, 2010: Referendums held in 210 municipalities, including the cities of Girona and Lleida.
  5. May 30, 2010: Referendum in Sabadell.
  6. June 20, 2010: Fifth stage of referendums.
  7. April 10, 2011: Referendum in Barcelona.

Beginning[edit]

Voting ballots used in the Arenys de Munt query on Catalonia independence

A local referendum, in the town of Arenys de Munt, was the first vote ever held on the question of Catalan independence, and led to a series of parallel non-binding referendums on the independence question in late 2009 and early 2010.[4][5] The process began on 4 June 2009, when the municipal council in Arenys de Munt voted in favour of a motion presented by Popular Unity Candidates (CUP), calling for a non-binding referendum on independence for Catalonia. The council sought to make locations available at which voters could cast ballots, and to facilitate the organization of the vote, but a court ruling overruled the Council's decision and the Council had to abandon its efforts to facilitate the referendum. The referendum organizing committee then rented the "Centre Moral" (a sort of social club, a private entity) of the village in order to be able to conduct the vote. The Council continued to supported to the initiative in principle, even though it complied with the court ruling. The mayor of Arenys de Munt, Carles Móra, was particularly vocal in his support.

Referendum of September 13 (Arenys de Munt)[edit]

Residents of the town were asked the following question: Està d'acord que Catalunya esdevingui un Estat de dret, independent, democràtic i social, integrat a la Unió Europea? (Do you agree on Catalonia becoming an independent, democratic and social constitutional state, integrated in the European Union?).[6] Despite the unofficial nature of the referendum, the relatively high participation rate (41%), which was higher than the one reached in the last European election and in the Spanish constitutional referendum of 1978, gave credibility to the exercise. The "Yes" side won a commanding 96.2% of valid votes, while the "No" obtained 2.3%.[7]

Reactions to the Arenys de Munt referendum[edit]

The Arenys de Munt referendum has been a historical precedent and many political parties, organizations and platforms showed their agreement.

The same night of the query, there were councils all over Catalonia who were interested to follow the lead of Arenys de Munt such as Argentona or Seròs.

In general, the initiative was criticized by the Spanish government, both Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) and PP, and following the vote was open conflict between the two parties, as the PP accused the PSOE of having allowed an illegal query.

Internationally, the echo was also quite important: three hundred journalists were accredited to monitor the day, and several television stations were in Arenys de Munt to monitor the event.

Referendums following the vote in Arenys de Munt[edit]

During the same night of the Arenys de Munt query, many municipalities in Catalonia showed up in favor of queries like the one that had organized the town of the Maresme. The following days, several consistories began to approve motions of support for queries on the independence promoted by entities of neighbors of the towns. Many separatist organizations supported the queries, until the Coordinator for the Consultation on Independence appeared, which will organize altogether. Thus began to emerge queries in the whole Catalan range that will be held in phases.

Query of 13-D[edit]

Course of the day[edit]

Queues to vote in the Club muntanyenc (Mountain Club) of Sant Cugat

On 12 December, a day before the rest, Sant Jaume de Frontanyà, one of the less populous municipalities in Catalonia with only 21 voters, began the round of queries on independence.[8]

Results[edit]

[9]

Referendum results
Yes No Blank Invalid
Municipality Comarca Census (+16) Votes Participation p  % p  % p  % p  %
Alcanó Segrià 219 73 33,33 % 68 93,15 % 4 5,48 % 1 1,37 % 0 0 %
Alcarràs Segrià 6.172 1.155 18,71 % 1.097 94,98 % 51 4,42 % 7 0,61 % 0 0%
Alfés Segrià 296 127 42,91% 125 98,43% 2 1,57% 0 0% 0 0%
Almoster Baix Camp 1.044 419 40,13% 382 91,17% 26 6,21% 10 2,39% 1 0,24%
Alpens Osona 253 176 69,57% 174 98,86% 1 0,57% 0 0% 1 0,57%
Arbeca Garrigues 2.207 580 28,61 % 551 95,00 % 14 2,41 % 15 2,59 % 0 0 %
Arbúcies Selva 5.408 1.859 34,38 % 1.781 95,80 % 41 2,21 % 34 1,83 % 3 0,16 %
Arenys de Mar Maresme 12.254 3.303 26,95% 3.173 96,06% 78 2,36% 51 1,54% 1 0,03%
Argelaguer Garrotxa 353 191 54,11 % 177 92,67 % 6 3,14 % 8 4,19 % 0 0 %
Argentona Maresme 9.383 2.507 26,72% 2.384 95,09% 74 2,95% 47 1,87% 2 0,08%
Artesa de Lleida Segrià 1.257 400 31,82% 383 95,75% 7 1,75% 8 2,00% 2 0,50%
Artesa de Segre Noguera 3.311 1.006 30,38% 937 93,14% 29 2,88% 36 3,58% 4 0,40%
Banyoles Pla de l'Estany 14.563 4.688 32,19% 4.565 97,38% 51 1,09% 65 1,39% 7 0,15%
Berga Berguedà 14.663 4.760 32,46% 4.616 96,97% 81 1,70% 34 0,71% 29 0,61%
Besalú Garrotxa 1.961 809 41,25% 752 92,95% 21 2,60% 34 4,20% 2 0,25%
Beuda Garrotxa 140 42 30,00% 38 90,48% 1 2,38% 3 7,14% 0 0%
Bolvir Cerdanya 318 135 42,45 % 112 82,96 % 4 2,96 % 19 14,07 % 0 0 %
Bordils Gironès 1.430 513 36,54 % 498 97,08 % 8 1,56 % 7 1,36 % 0 0 %
Calders Bages 770 381 49.48% 353 92.65% 10 2.62% 17 4.46% 1 0.26%
Calldetenes Osona 2.022 1.036 51.24% 1005 97.01% 22 2.12% 8 0.77% 1 0.1%
Callús Bages 1.406 475 33.76% 448 94.32% 10 2.11% 5 1.05% 12 2.53%
Camós Pla de l'Estany 602 238 39.53% 221 92.86% 14 5.88% 3 1.26% 0 0%
Campllong Gironès 337 137 37.95% 128 93.43% 2 1.46% 7 5.11% 0 0%
Canet de Mar Maresme 11.294 2932 25,96% 2727 93.01% 128 4,37% 73 2,49% 4 0.14%
Cardedeu Vallès Oriental 13.021 3.464 26,60 % 3.174 91,63 % 192 5,54 % 60 1,73 % 38 1,10 %
Cassà de la Selva Gironès 7.696 2.026 26,33% 1.922 94,87% 62 3,06% 39 1,92% 3 0.15%
Castellar del Riu Berguedà 127 75 59,06% 69 92,00% 2 2,67% 4 5,33% 0 0,00%
Castellar del Vallès Vallès Occidental 18.218 3.551 19,49% 3.372 94,96% 118 3,32% 58 1,63% 3 0.08%
Castellbell i el Vilar Bages 3.064 542 17,69% 527 97,23% 12 2,21% 1 0,18% 2 0,37%
Castellbisbal Vallès Occidental 9.280 1.566 16,88 % 1.421 90,74 % 103 6,58 % 36 2,30 % 6 0,38 %
Castellfollit de la Roca Garrotxa 876 285 32,53% 270 94,74% 12 4,21% 3 1,05 0 0%
Celrà Gironès 3.402 993 29,19 % 956 96,27 % 15 1,51 % 21 2,11 % 1 0,10 %
Centelles Osona 6.164 1.978 32,09% 1.934 97,78% 35 1,77% 6 0,30% 3 0,15%
Cervià de les Garrigues Garrigues 731 253 34,61% 241 95,26% 8 3,16% 4 1,58% 0 0%
Cervià de Ter Gironès 699 337 48,21% 320 94,96% 4 1,19% 13 3,86% 0 0%
Clariana de Cardener Solsonès 124 53 42,74 % 50 94,34 % 0 0 % 3 5,66 % 0 0 %
Collsuspina Osona 287 178 62,02% 169 94,94% 7 3,93% 2 1,12% 0 0%
Constantí Tarragonès 5.267 689 13,08% 619 89,84% 56 8,13% 11 1,60% 3 0,44%
Corbins Segrià 1.167 357 30,59% 340 95,24% 7 1,96% 9 2,52% 1 0,28%
Cornellà de Terri Pla de l'Estany 1.840 670 36,41 % 642 95,82% 11 1,64% 2 0,30% 15 2,24%
Crespià Pla de l'Estany 222 72 32,43% 70 97,22% 2 2,78% 0 0% 0 0%
El Brull Osona 203 128 63,05% 121 94,53% 2 1,56% 4 3,13% 1 0,78%
El Masnou Maresme 18.592 3.975 21,38% 3.727 93,76% 163 4,10% 82 2,06% 3 0,08%
El Palau d'Anglesola Pla d'Urgell 1.718 656 38,18% 610 92,99% 23 3,51% 19 2,90% 4 0,61%
El Papiol Baix Llobregat 3.280 693 21,13 % 628 90,62 % 48 6,93 % 16 2,31 % 1 0,14 %
Els Hostalets de Pierola Anoia 1.968 464 23,58 % 408 87,93 % 42 9,05 % 14 3,02 % 0 0 %
Els Prats de Rei Anoia 477 210 44,03 % 194 92,38 % 8 3,81 % 6 3,81 % 2 0,95 %
Esponellà Pla de l'Estany 375 163 43,47% 157 96,32% 2 1,23% 4 2,45% 0 0%
Flaçà Gironès 905 317 35,03% 302 95,27% 8 2,52% 7 2,21% 0 0%
Folgueroles Osona 1.713 968 56,51 % 954 98,55% 12 1,24% 2 0,21% 0 0%
Fontcoberta Pla de l'Estany 996 468 46,99% 454 97,01% 5 1,07% 9 1,92% 0 0%
Fulleda Garrigues 106 38 35,85% 35 92,11% 1 2,63% 2 5,26% 0 0%
Gallifa Vallès Occidental 189 112 59,26 % 96 85,71 % 10 8,93 % 6 5,36 % 0 0 %
Golmés Pla d'Urgell 1.425 348 24.42% 318 91.38% 11 3.16% 18 5.17% 1 0.29%
Gurb Osona 2.026 944 46.59% 930 98.52% 10 1.06% 4 0.42% 0 0%
Ivars d'Urgell Pla d'Urgell 1.528 671 43.91% 594 88.52% 37 5.51% 36 5.37% 4 0.6%
Jafre Baix Empordà 366 227 62.02% 219 96.48% 2 0.88% 5 2.2% 1 $0.44
Juià Gironès 247 826 28.78% 767 92.86% 20 2.42% 39 4.72% 0 0%
Juneda Garrigues 3.074 826 28,78 % 767 92,86 % 20 2,42 % 39 4,72 % 0 0 %
L'Albi Garrigues 739 266 35.99% 238 89.47% 8 3.01% 20 7.52% 0 0%
L'Arboç Baix Penedès 4.374 1.015 23.21% 896 88.28% 106 10.44% 11 1.08% 2 0.2%
l'Estany Bages 340 224 65.88% 191 85.27% 9 4.02% 23 10.27% 1 0.45%
La Cellera de Ter Selva 1.802 803 44.56% 770 95.89% 18 2.24% 11 1.37% 4 0.5%
La Floresta Garrigues 155 98 63.23% 91 92.86% 6 6.12% 1 1.02% 0 0%
La Granadella Garrigues 692 217 31.36% 198 91.24% 9 4.15% 10 4.61% 0 0%
La Jonquera Alt Empordà 2.602 547 21.02% 468 85.56% 55 10.05% 20 3.66% 4 0.73%
La Vall de Boí Alta Ribagorça 950 279 29.37% 262 93.91% 2 0.72% 15 5.38% 0 0%
Les Borges Blanques Garrigues 5.156 1.580 30.64% 1.504 95.19% 37 2.34% 38 2.41% 1 0.06%
Les Franqueses del Vallès Vallès Oriental 8.199 1.466 17,88 % 1.385 94,47 % 50 3,41 % 25 1,71 % 6 0,41 %
Les Masies de Roda Osona 659 304 46.13% 294 96.71% 6 1.97% 3 0.99% 1 0.33%
Les Masies de Voltregà Osona 2.645 955 36.11% 935 97.91% 12 1.26% 7 0.73% 1 0.1%
Les Piles Conca de Barberà 198 70 35.35% 63 90% 4 5.71% 2 2.86% 1 1.43%
Les Planes d'Hostoles Garrotxa 1.561 580 37.16% 545 93.97% 8 1.38% 23 3.97% 4 0.69%
Les Preses Garrotxa 1.412 504 35.69% 478 94.84% 12 2.38% 14 2.78% 0 0%
Linyola Pla d'Urgell 2.348 788 33.56% 737 93.53% 19 2.41% 29 3.68% 3 0.38%
Llagostera Gironès 6.735 1.584 23,52 % 1.468 92,68 % 77 4,86 % 36 2,27 % 3 0,19 %
Llambilles Gironès 541 244 45,10 % 240 98,36 % 0 0% 3 1,23 % 1 0,41 %
Llardecans Segrià 474 176 37,13 % 155 88,07 % 15 8,52 % 6 3,41 % 0 0 %
Maià de Montcal Garrotxa 347 139 40,64 % 122 87,77 % 8 5,76 % 8 5,76 % 1 0,72 %
Malla Osona 229 147 64,19 % 142 96,60 % 2 1,36 % 3 2,04 % - -
Manlleu Osona 16.746 5.018 29,97 % 4.783 95,32 % 178 3,55 % 57 1,14 % - -
Marganell Bages 259 82 31,66 % 79 96,34 % 2 2,44 % 1 1,22 % - -
Maspujols Baix Camp 463 224 48,38 % 208 92,86 % 13 5,80 % 3 1,34 % 0 0 %
Mieres Garrotxa 287 106 36,93 % 98 92,45 % 2 1,89 % 6 5,66 % 0 0 %
Montagut i Oix Garrotxa 806 272 33,75 % 256 94,12 % 4 1,47 % 12 4,41 % 0 0 %
Montbrió del Camp Baix Camp 1.745 548 31,40 % 528 96,35 % 14 2,55 % 6 1,09 % - -
Montesquiu Osona 778 382 49,10 % 362 94,76 % 14 3,66 % 4 1,05 % 2 0,52 %
Navàs Bages 5.181 1.429 27,58 % 1.386 96,99 % 24 1,68 % 16 1,12 % 3 0,21 %
Olvan Berguedà 805 308 38,26 % 296 96,10 % 10 3,25 % 1 0,32 % 1 0,32 %
Orís Osona 252 139 55,16 % 136 97,84 % 2 1,44 % 1 0,72 % - -
Palau de Santa Eulàlia Alt Empordà 96 53 55,21 % 47 88,68 % 4 7,55 % 2 3,77 % - -
Palol de Revardit Pla de l'Estany 385 200 51,95 % 180 90,00 % 12 6,00 % 7 3,50 % 1 1,50 %
Pardines Ripollès 143 66 46,15 % 66 100 % 0 0 % 0 0 % 0 0 %
Pau Alt Empordà 498 120 24,10 % 109 90,83 % 8 6,67 % 2 1,67 % 1 0,83 %
Pedret i Marzà Alt Empordà 141 51 36,17 % 46 90,20 % 2 3,92 % 3 5,88 % - -
Perafita Osona 351 176 50,14 % 172 97,73 % 1 0,57 % 3 1,70 % - -
Pinell de Solsonès Solsonès 80 79 98,75% 77 97,47% 0 0% 2 2,53% 0 0%
Planoles Ripollès 254 98 38,58% 93 94,90% 3 3,06% 2 2,04% 0 0%
Ponts Noguera 2.354 597 25,36% 573 95,98% 11 1,84% 13 2,18% 0 0%
Porqueres Pla de l'Estany 3.533 1.335 37,79% 1.286 96,33% 25 1,87% 23 1,72% 1 0,07%
Prats de Lluçanès Osona 2.367 930 39,29 % 912 98,06% 13 1,40% 5 0,54% 0 0%
Premià de Dalt Maresme 8.107 1.596 19,69% 1.494 93,61% 61 3,82% 40 2,51% 1 0,06%
Premià de Mar Maresme 23.038 3.557 15,44% 3.341 93,93% 117 3,29% 66 1,86% 33 0,93%
Puig-reig Berguedà 3.806 1.130 29,69 % 1.098 97,17 % 18 1,59 % 13 1,15 % 1 0,09 %
Ribes de Freser Ripollès 1.807 633 35,03% 617 97,47% 4 0,63% 11 1,74% 1 0,16%
Ridaura Garrotxa 376 192 51,06% 191 99,48% 0 0% 1 0,52% 0 0%
Ripoll Ripollès 9.574 2.346 24,50% 2.243 95,61% 73 3,11% 27 1,15% 3 0,13%
Roda de Ter Osona 5.099 1.982 38,87 % 1.922 96,97 % 43 2,17 % 16 0,81 % 1 0,05 %
Roses Alt Empordà 16.075 1.678 10,44% 1.527 91,00% 119 7,09% 30 1,79% 2 0,12%
Sallent Bages 6.116 1.680 27,47% 1.535 91,37% 92 5,48% 2,92% 4 0,24%
Sant Aniol de Finestres Garrotxa 267 132 49,44 % 127 96,21 % 2 1,52 % 3 2,27 % - -
Sant Antoni de Vilamajor Vallès Oriental 4.437 1.149 25,90 % 1.102 95,91 % 24 2,09 % 15 1,31 % 8 0,70 %
Sant Celoni Vallès Oriental 13.765 2.998 21,78% 2.847 94,96% 120 4,00% 29 0,97% 2 0,07%
Sant Cugat del Vallès Vallès Occidental 59.063 15.163 25,67% 14.002 92,34% 805 5,31% 170 1,12% 186 1,23%
Sant Esteve de Palautordera Vallès Oriental 1.815 837 46,12 % 805 96,18 % 15 1,79 % 17 2,03 % 0 0,00 %
Sant Ferriol Garrotxa 174 38 21,84 % 35 92,11 % 2 5,26 % 1 2,63 % - -
Sant Gregori Gironès 2.498 886 35,47 % 857 96,73 % 17 1,92 % 12 1,35 % - -
Sant Hilari Sacalm Selva 4.920 1.566 31,83 % 1.516 96,81 % 22 1,40 % 26 1,66 % 2 0,13 %
Sant Hipòlit de Voltregà Osona 2.935 1.095 37,31 % 1.071 97,81 % 20 1,83 % 3 0,27 % 1 0,09 %
Sant Jaume de Frontanyà Berguedà 21 19 90,41% 18 94,7% 1 5,3% 0 0% 0 0%
Sant Jaume de Llierca Garrotxa 699 313 44,78 % 290 92,65 % 9 2,88 % 13 4,15 % 1 0,32 %
Sant Jordi Desvalls Gironès 545 273 50,09 % 270 98,90 % 0 0 % 3 1,10 % 0 0 %
Sant Julià de Vilatorta Osona 2.386 1.307 54,78 % 1.291 98,78 % 11 0,84 % 5 0,38 % - -
Sant Miquel de Campmajor Pla de l'Estany 208 83 39,90 % 79 95,18 % 1 1,20 % 3 3,61 % - -
Sant Pere de Torelló Osona 2.073 1.135 54,75 % 1.087 95,77 % 29 2,56 % 18 1,59 % 1 0,09 %
Sant Pere de Vilamajor Vallès Oriental 3.098 842 27,18 % 768 91,21 % 49 5,82 % 23 2,73 % 2 0,24 %
Sant Pol de Mar Maresme 4.330 1.377 31,80 % 1.325 96,22 % 33 2,40 % 19 1,38 % 0 0 %
Sant Quirze de Besora Osona 1.949 811 41,61 % 777 95,81 % 31 3,82 % 3 0,37 % - -
Sant Salvador de Guardiola Bages 2.446 462 18,89 % 442 95,67 % 10 2,16 % 7 1,52 % 3 0,65 %
Sant Vicenç de Torelló Osona 1.684 741 44,00 % 694 93,66 % 9 1,21 % 3 0,40 % 35 4,72 %
Santa Cecília de Voltregà Osona 159 79 49,69 % 78 98,73 % 1 1,27 % - - - -
Santa Coloma de Farners Selva 10.432 2.385 22,86 % 2.291 96,06 % 58 2,43 % 30 1,26 % 6 0,25 %
Santa Eugènia de Berga Osona 1.660 925 55,72 % 910 98,38 % 15 1,62 % - - - -
Santa Eulàlia de Riuprimer Osona 895 577 64,47 % 558 96,71 % 12 2,08 % 7 1,21 % 0 0 %
Santa Eulàlia de Ronçana Vallès Oriental 5.467 1.070 19,57 % 998 93,27 % 46 4,30 % 25 2,34 % 1 0,09 %
Santa Maria de Besora Osona 153 96 62,75 % 89 92,71 % 5 5,21 % 1 1,04 % 1 1,04 %
Santa Maria de Corcó Osona 1.902 1066 56,05 % 1.049 98,41 % 7 0,66 % 10 0,94 % - -
Santa Pau Garrotxa 1.379 562 40,87 % 534 95,02 % 11 1,96 % 16 2,85 % 1 0,18 %
Sentmenat Vallès Occidental 6.209 1.273 20,50 % 1.210 95,05 % 39 3,06 % 21 1,65 % 3 0,24 %
Serinyà Pla de l'Estany 914 347 37,96 % 327 94,24 % 9 2,59 % 11 3,17 % - -
Seva Osona 2.788 1.197 42,93 % 1.160 96,91 % 27 2,26 % 10 0,84 % - -
Sils Selva 3.962 823 20,77 % 765 92,95 % 45 5,47 % 12 1,46 % 1 0,12 %
Solsona Solsonès 7.794 2.079 26,67 % 1.977 95,09 % 50 2,41 % 47 2,26 % 5 0,24 %
Sora Osona 168 116 69,05 % 109 93,97 % 3 2,59 % 4 3,45 % - -
Sunyer Segrià 276 121 43,84 % 106 87,60 % 9 7,44 % 6 4,96 % 0 0 %
Taradell Osona 5.077 2.608 51,37 % 2.547 97,66 % 42 1,61 % 12 0,46 % 7 0,27 %
Tàrrega Urgell 13.340 2.862 21,45 % 2.690 93,99 % 104 3,63 % 67 2,34 % 1 0,03 %
Tavèrnoles Osona 260 128 49,23% 120 93,75% 6 4,69% 2 1,56% 0 0%
Tiana Maresme 6.049 1.593 26,33% 1.496 93,91% 69 4,33% 27 1,69% 1 0,06%
Tona Osona 6.544 2.627 40,14% 2.489 94,75% 99 3,77% 34 1,29% 5 0,19%
Torelló Osona 11.605 4.024 34,67% 3.868 96,12% 81 2,01% 40 0,99% 35 0,87%
Torrebesses Segrià 272 124 45,59 % 106 85,48 % 6 4,84 % 11 8,87 % 1 0,81 %
Torroella de Montgrí Baix Empordà 9.651 2.172 22,51% 2.055 94,61% 66 3,04% 32 1,47% 19 0,87%
Tortellà Garrotxa 658 205 31,16% 191 93,17% 1 0,49% 9 4,39% 4 1,95%
Toses Ripollès 129 51 39,53% 51 100% 0 0% 0 0% 0 0%
Ullastrell Vallès Occidental 1.392 539 38,72 % 515 95,55 % 13 2,41 % 7 1,30 % 4 0,74 %
Vall de Boí Alta Ribagorça 962 279 29,37 % 262 93,91 % 2 0,72 % 15 5,38 % 0 0 %
Vallfogona de Ripollès Ripollès 196 102 52,04% 95 93,14% 3 2,94% 4 3,92% 0 0%
Verges Baix Empordà 1.030 496 48,16 % 456 91,94 % 20 4,03 % 20 4,03 % 0 0 %
Vic Osona 33.175 14.084 42,45% 13.783 97,86% 209 1,48% 78 0,55% 14 0,10%
Vidrà Osona 146 93 63,70% 87 93,55% 2 2,15% 4 4,30% 0 0%
Viladamat Alt Empordà 380 196 51,58% 190 96,94% 3 1,53% 3 1,53% 0 0%
Vilademuls Pla de l'Estany 677 245 36,19% 237 96,73% 1 0,41% 7 2,86% 0 0%
Viladrau Osona 930 443 47,63% 422 95,26% 16 3,61% 5 1,13% 0 0%
Vilafranca del Penedès Alt Penedès 32.200 7.117 22,10% 6.720 94,42% 296 4,16% 70 0,98% 31 0,44%
Vilajuïga Alt Empordà 909 284 31,24 % 263 92,61 % 11 3,87 % 10 3,52 % 0 0%
Vilanova i la Geltrú Garraf 54.322 8.518 15,68 % 7.918 92,96 % 416 4,88 % 106 1,24 % 78 0,92 %
Vilassar de Dalt Maresme 7.211 2.224 30,84 % 2.130 95,77 % 49 2,20 % 45 2,02 % 0 0 %
TOTAL 702.072 192.460 27.41 % 182.625 94.89 % 6.186 3.21 % 2.958 1.54 % 691 0.36 %

Press reactions[edit]

Austria[edit]

France[edit]

Germany[edit]

Italy[edit]

Slovenia[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

Barcelona poll, April 2011[edit]

The April 10, 2011 poll in Barcelona had a 21% turnout with 9 out of 10 of those showing up to the unofficial poll favoring independence.[10]

Institutional support[edit]

The queries on the independence of Catalonia have been carried out by civil society and the implications of public institutions for their organizations are persecuted by the Spanish State. But several city councils and comarcal councils have approved motions in favor of this referendum to be called a civil organization, supporting them in this way without violating the laws.

Comarcal councils[edit]

  Comarcal councils for the referendums
  Comarcal councils against the referendums

Five comarcal councils have spoken in favor and one against, covering a population of 630,000 and 10,000 respectively.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ New York Times Catalans Vote In "Referendum" on Independence
  2. ^ "Chicago Tribune Villages in Spain's Catalonia region hold nonbinding vote on independence". Chicagotribune.com. Retrieved 2010-09-16. 
  3. ^ Govan, Fiona (2009-12-11). "Daily Telegraph Catalonia holds referendums to push for independence from Spain". Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 2010-09-16. 
  4. ^ "La independència arrasa a Arenys". VilaWeb. 13 September 2009. "Parlament dels organitzadors, minut 3:05" 
  5. ^ "Arenys de Munt consulta sobre la independència de Catalunya". Vilaweb. 12 August 2009. Retrieved 21 September 2009. 
  6. ^ "Consulta per la independència de Catalunya" (in Catalàn). Comissió Organitzadora de la Consulta per la independència de Catalunya. 20 June 2009. Archived from the original on 2 September 2009. Retrieved 5 September 2009. 
  7. ^ "Arenys vota independència". Avui. 9 September 2009. Retrieved 13 September 2009. 
  8. ^ "Maria Pérez, primera persona que ha votat a Sant Jaume de Frontanyà: "Podem ser independents, podem errar-la, per què no, però ja rectificarem"" (in Catalàn). Diari Avui. 12 December 2009. Retrieved 12 December 2009. 
  9. ^ Coordinadora per la consulta sobre la independència[dead link]
  10. ^ Giles Tremlett, "Catalan independence boost after Barcelona vote", Guardian, April 11, 2011

External links[edit]