|The Municipality of
|Nickname(s): Cidade Feitiço (Charm City)|
|Motto: Serious work, right result.|
|• Mayor||Geraldo Antonio Vinholi (PSDB)|
|• Total||290.59 km2 (112.20 sq mi)|
|Elevation||503 m (1,650 ft)|
|• Density||388.24/km2 (1,005.5/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-3 (UTC-3)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-2 (UTC-2)|
|Area code(s)||+55 17|
|Website||Catanduva, São Paulo|
Catanduva is a municipality in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. Is the 2nd largest city in the North/Northwest portion of the state, 385 km from the city of São Paulo. The population is 112,820 inhabitants (IBGE/2010).
The city has a diversified economy, and the cultivation and processing of sugarcane is relevant.
The history of Catanduva begins in the middle of the 19th century, in lands that belonged to Araraquara and, posteriorly, originated the cities of Monte Alto, Jaboticabal and São José do Rio Preto. In the beginning of the 20th century, Catanduva was known as Cerradinho, a small village.
In December 16, 1909, the village was elevated to district, with the name of Vila Adolpho, and in April 14, 1918, the municipality of Catanduva was established.
The founders of Catanduva remain unknown, as there are two different histories. One of the versions tells that the small community of "Cerradinho", a little town built on the banks of the São Domingos river, was founded by the Figueiredo family, from Minas Gerais. The other famous version tells that the city was founded by Antônio Maximiano Rodrigues, also from Minas Gerais, who bought lands on the region, by the end of the 19th century. Later, part of these lands were donated to the São Domingos (Saint Dominic) parish. Saint Dominic is the patron saint of Catanduva.
Catanduva (Caa-tã-dyba in Tupi-guarani language) is a word of indigenous origin meaning "rough grass" or "unhealthy vegetation". It is a reference to the Brazilian Cerrado, the region's typical vegetation.
The climate is Tropical sub-hot humid (3 dry months), with dry and mild winters and hot, wet summers. The average temperature of the coldest month is above 17°C, and the average precipitation of the driest month is less than 60 mm. Its Köppen climate classification is Aw. The average annual temperature is 25.33°C.
- São Domingos river
- Brook "Barro Preto"
- Brook "Fundo"
- Brook "Dos Coqueiros"
- Brook "Do retirinho"
- Brook "Jacu"
The economic basis of the city is the Tertiary sector. Commerce and services corresponds to 70.5% of the GDP. The Industry is responsible for 28.5% of the city GDP. Mechanical fan is one of the main exported products of Catanduva. The cultivation and processing of sugarcane is relevant in the region.
- Population: 112,820 (IBGE/2010)
- Area: 290.6 km² (166.5 sq mi)
- Population density: 388.24/km² (2,451.5/sq mi)
- Urbanization: 99.2% (2010)
- Sex ratio (Males to Females): 94.77 (2011)
- Birth rate: 12.65/1,000 inhab. (2009)
- Infant mortality: 9.17/1,000 births (2009)
- HDI: 0.833 (UNDP/2000)
Catanduva's Microregion belongs to the Mesoregion of São José do Rio Preto. Its population was estimated in 2010, by the IBGE, in 221,465 inhabitants and is divided into thirteen municipalities. It has a total area of 2,283.6 km².
Grêmio Catanduvense de Futebol is the city's professional football club. It replaced other now-defunct football clubs, Catanduva Esporte Clube, Grêmio Esportivo Catanduvense, Catanduva Esporte e Clube, and Clube Atlético Catanduvense. The city's stadium is the Estádio Municipal Sílvio Salles.
- "Population at "Censo 2010"" (in Portuguese). IBGE.gov.br. Retrieved 15 Jul 2011.
- "2010 Census of the IBGE - Synopsis - Tables 761 and 1301" (in Portuguese). IBGE.gov.br. Retrieved 13 July 2011.
- "History of the city on the Prefecture's official site". Catanduva.sp.gov.br. Retrieved 5 July 2011.
- "Catanduva's Conjuncture 2011" (in Portuguese). Catanduva.sp.gov.br. p. 09. Retrieved 8 July 2011.
- "Climate Map of Brazil" (in Portuguese). IBGE. Retrieved 14 July 2011.
- "Municipal Profile at SEADE" (in Portuguese). Fundação SEADE. Retrieved 8 July 2011.