Catasauqua, Pennsylvania

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Coordinates: 40°39′11″N 75°28′03″W / 40.65306°N 75.46750°W / 40.65306; -75.46750
Borough of Catasauqua
Borough
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Lehigh
Elevation 279 ft (85 m)
Coordinates 40°39′11″N 75°28′03″W / 40.65306°N 75.46750°W / 40.65306; -75.46750
Area 1.3 sq mi (3.4 km2)
 - land 1.3 sq mi (3 km2)
 - water 0.0 sq mi (0 km2), 0%
Population 6,588 (2000)
Density 5,205.7 / sq mi (2,009.9 / km2)
Mayor Barbara Schlegel
Timezone EST (UTC-5)
 - summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code 610
Location of Catasauqua in Lehigh County
Location of Catasauqua in Pennsylvania
Location of Pennsylvania in the United States
Website: http://catasauquaborough.govoffice.com

Catasauqua is a borough in Lehigh County, Pennsylvania, settled in 1805 and chartered as a borough in 1853. Catasauqua is a suburb of Allentown, Pennsylvania in the Lehigh Valley region of the state.

Historically, manufacturing was Catasauqua's principal industry, and, in 1839, it was the location of the first manufactured anthracite iron in the nation. Catasauqua's population in 1910 was 5,250. The population was 6,588 at the 2000 census. The word Catasauqua is shortened to "Catty" in local dialect when speaking of the place.

Borough officials[edit]

  • Brian Bartholomew1 - Borough President
  • Alfred Regits - Council Vice-President
  • Brian K. McKittrick - Council Member
  • Mica Smith - Council Member
  • Vince Smith - Council Member
  • Jessica Kroope - Council Member
  • Eugene Schlegel - Council Member
  • Barbara Schlegel - Mayor
  • Douglas Kish - Police Chief
  • Richard Hertzog Jr - Fire Chief

Geography[edit]

Catasauqua is located at 40°39′11″N 75°28′3″W / 40.65306°N 75.46750°W / 40.65306; -75.46750 (40.652995, -75.467627)[1]. Nearby large communities include Allentown three miles (5 km) to the south and Bethlehem.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 1.3 square miles (3.4 km2), of which, 1.3 square miles (3.4 km2) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) of it (2.31%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 1,932
1870 2,853 47.7%
1880 3,065 7.4%
1890 3,704 20.8%
1900 3,963 7.0%
1910 5,250 32.5%
1920 4,714 −10.2%
1930 4,851 2.9%
1940 4,764 −1.8%
1950 4,923 3.3%
1960 5,062 2.8%
1970 5,702 12.6%
1980 6,711 17.7%
1990 6,662 −0.7%
2000 6,588 −1.1%
2010 6,436 −2.3%
Est. 2012 6,492 0.9%
Sources:[2][3][4]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 6,588 people, 2,616 households, and 1,750 families residing in the borough. The population density was 5,205.7 people per square mile (2,002.9/km²). There were 2,747 housing units at an average density of 2,170.6 per square mile (835.1/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 95.60% White, 1.18% African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.59% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.08% from other races, and 1.20% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.54% of the population.

There were 2,616 households out of which 33.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.1% were non-families. 27.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the borough the age distribution of the population shows 25.0% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 32.1% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 94.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.1 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $42,432, and the median income for a family was $48,589. Males had a median income of $32,320 versus $45,730 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $18,906. About 5.4% of families and 8.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.7% of those under age 18 and 11.2% of those age 65 or over.

History[edit]

George Taylor, signer of the Declaration of Independence, built a Georgian stone house in 1768 in what is now the borough of Catasauqua. Today, the George Taylor House is a National Historic Landmark, a showpiece of the community's rich historical heritage.

In 1840, the anthracite iron industry was founded in what is now known as Catasauqua, originally Biery's Port, making it a birthplace of the Industrial Revolution in the United States.[5] Welsh immigrant David Thomas relocated to the area and opened the Crane Iron Works. Remembered as "the father of Catasauqua," Thomas initially named the community Craneville, after his former employer in Wales.

The wealthy, generous Thomases were responsible for many sweeping changes to the prosperity of the community. David Thomas founded the Presbyterian Church of Catasauqua, in which residents still worship today, and his wife Elizabeth donated money and land to found the Welsh Congregational Church, which no longer exists. Thomas organized Catasauqua's first fire company, installed its first public water system, and served as its first burgess.

In 1854, the town was formally titled Catasauqua (pronounced "Cat-uh-SAW-kwuh"), from the Lenni Lenape language, meaning "dry ground" or "thirsty ground."

Catasauqua is home to two different neighborhoods listed on the National Register of Historic Places. One is Biery's Port, located along the Lehigh River and named for an early family of prominence; the other is known as "the mansion district," and comprises Victorian homes once owned by wealthy residents.

By 1900, Catasauqua boasted 5,000 residents, and had the highest percentage of self-made millionaires of any town in the United States.

In 1917, while many of the young men of the town served in World War I, Catasauqua became the first community in the United States to raise $1 million in war bonds, earning it the nickname "The Million Dollar Town".

Catasauqua observed its 150th anniversary of incorporation in 2004.

Notable people[edit]

Jonathan Linton

Public education[edit]

The Borough is served by the Catasauqua Area School District. The school district has 3 schools: Sheckler Elementary (grades k-4), Catasauqua Middle School (grades 5-8), and Catasauqua High School (grades 9-12).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  5. ^ Savidge, Mariella (April 15, 2002). "Historical group finds new base". Allentown, Pennsylvania: The Morning Call. Retrieved September 15, 2010. 
  6. ^ Reichler, Joseph L., ed. (1979) [1969]. The Baseball Encyclopedia (4th edition ed.). New York: Macmillan Publishing. ISBN 0-02-578970-8. 

External links[edit]

Coplay