Categoría Primera A

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Liga Postobón
Liga Postobon.png
Country Colombia
Confederation Conmebol
Founded 1948
Number of teams 18
Levels on pyramid 1
Relegation to Categoría Primera B
Domestic cup(s) Copa Colombia
International cup(s) Copa Libertadores
Copa Sudamericana
Current champions Atletico Nacional (14th title)
(2014-I)
Most championships Millonarios
Atletico Nacional
(14 titles)
TV partners TV Colombia (Most games each round)
Win Sports/RCN HD2 (14 Games by round)
RCN Colombia (2 games by round)
Website Official Site
www.FPC.com/en
2014 Categoría Primera A season

The Categoría Primera A (Spanish pronunciation: [kateɣoˈɾi.a pɾiˈmeɾa ˈa]), commonly referred to as Liga Postobón[1] due to sponsorship by soft drink company Postobón is a Colombian professional league for association football clubs. It is the country's premier football tournament and sits at the top of the Colombian football league system. From 1990 to 2010, the league was referred to as Copa Mustang, due to a contract with Protabaco, a tobacco industry that produced Mustang cigarettes (that ended in 2010 due to an anti-tobacco law).[2]

Eighteen clubs play in the league. The División Mayor del Fútbol Profesional Colombiano, better known as Dimayor, operates a system of promotion and relegation with the Categoría Primera B.

Fourteen teams have been crowned as the Colombian football champions. The most successful clubs are Millonarios and Atlético Nacional with 14 titles.

History[edit]

In 1948, Dimayor was founded in Barranquilla to officially organize football. FIFA declared the Colombian league a breakaway league after a dispute with the existing amateur football authority in Colombia. Therefore, all Colombian teams were suspended from playing international football. The Colombia national football team was also under sanction. However, the sanction did not hurt the league. Due to a strike in Argentine football, the best footballers were signed in Colombia. This era was known as El Dorado and lasted until 1953, when Alfredo Di Stéfano was transferred to Spain.[citation needed]

Format[edit]

League stage[edit]

Official ball

During the league stage, which lasts for eighteen games, each team plays against every other team once, plus an additional game against their local rival in the league. The league table is kept like a normal European league table, one point for ties and three points for a win. The top eight teams advance to the playoffs.[citation needed]

Playoffs[edit]

The playoffs have been organized in two different ways over the course of the short tournaments. They were first organized by dividing the eight teams into two groups where they would play home and away games; then, the two group winners would play the final. In later years, the playoffs are organized in pairs and play direct elimination in home and away games until only two teams reach the finals.[citation needed]

Finals[edit]

The finals involve two games. The team with the highest overall points achieved during the league stage gets to play the second game in their home stadium; if the aggregate points are the same, the home game is determined by the goal difference. The team with the highest aggregate score after both home and away games wins and is awarded the championship. If the games end up in a tie, there is no additional time and it proceeds directly to a penalty shoot-out. The away goals rule is not used.[citation needed]

Relegation[edit]

Relegation from Primera A is based on an averaging system. At the end of each season, the team with the worst three-year average is relegated to Primera B.

Current teams[edit]

Teams for 2014 season

Team City Stadium Head Coach First season
in the Primera A
Last title
Águilas Pereira Pereira Hernán Ramírez Villegas Colombia Jorge Luis Bernal 2011 None
Alianza Petrolera Barrancabermeja Álvaro Gómez Hurtado (provisional) Colombia Adolfo León Holguín 2013 None
Atlético Huila Neiva Guillermo Plazas Alcid Colombia Virgilio Puerto 1993 None
Atlético Nacional Medellín Atanasio Girardot Colombia Juan Carlos Osorio 1948 2014-I
Boyacá Chicó Tunja La Independencia Colombia Eduardo Pimentel 2004 2008-I
Deportes Tolima Ibagué Manuel Murillo Toro Colombia Alberto Gamero 1955 2003-II
Deportivo Cali Cali Pascual Guerrero Colombia Héctor Cardenas 1948 2005-II
Deportivo Pasto Pasto Libertad Colombia Wilson Gutiérrez 1999 2006-I
Envigado FC Envigado Polideportivo Sur Colombia Juan Carlos Sánchez 1992 None
Fortaleza FC Zipaquirá Metropolitano de Techo Colombia Alexis García 2014 None
Independiente Medellín Medellín Atanasio Girardot Colombia Hernán Torres 1948 2009-II
Junior Barranquilla Metropolitano Roberto Meléndez Uruguay Colombia Julio Avelino Comesaña 1948 2011-II
La Equidad Bogotá Metropolitano de Techo Colombia Néstor Otero 2007 None
Millonarios Bogotá Nemesio Camacho Spain Juan Manuel Lillo 1948 2012-II
Once Caldas Manizales Palogrande Colombia Flabio Torres 1948 2010-II
Patriotas Tunja La Independencia Colombia Harold Rivera 2012 None
Santa Fe Bogotá Nemesio Camacho Argentina Gustavo Costas 1948 2012-I
Uniautónoma F.C. Barranquilla Metropolitano Roberto Meléndez Colombia Jaime de la Pava 2014 None

Seasons by club[edit]

This is the complete list of the clubs that has took part of the Categoría Primera A, founded in 1948, until 2014 season.[3] Teams who currently plays are indicated in bold.

Champions by seasons[edit]

Fourteen clubs have been the Primera A champions. Eight of those clubs have been the champion more than once. The most successful clubs are Atlético Nacional and Millonarios with fourteen titles each. Deportivo Cali, Atlético Nacional, América, and Millonarios are the only clubs that have won the title consecutively. América holds the record for the longest title streak winning five titles from 1982 to 1986. Since the start of the Apertura/Clausura championships in 2002, only Atlético Nacional in 2007 and 2013 has won both championships in the same season; on a different note, Atletico Nacional in 2004 is also the only team that has lost both championships in the same season. No team has won titles in each decade of its existence, though Atletico Nacional, Atletico Junior and America de Cali have had consistent championships since the 1970s.[citation needed]

Los Millonarios is the most consistent team of the long tournaments, with 13 wins out of 52 tournaments disputed from 1948 to 2001 (plus one short tournament), followed by America with 11 (plus two short tournaments), while Atletico Nacional is the most consistent in the short tournaments, with 7 wins out of the 23 disputed from 2002 to date (2014-I). Out of all the six teams with just one championship, four have won their first title during the short tournament period.[citation needed]

Up until the late 1980s, Los Millonarios dominated the championship. In recent years, however, America de Cali and Atletico Nacional have reached a similar success in the tournaments. New-coming champions have also come during the 2000s, such as Boyaca Chico and Deportivo Pasto, while traditional teams also won championships, such as Once Caldas, Independiente Santa Fe.[citation needed]

'Atlético Nacional has reached the finals 24 times, the most out of the professional teams. America de Cali has reached the finals 20 times.[citation needed]

Out of the finalists to date, three teams are currently relegated: America de Cali, Real Cartagena and Atletico Bucaramanga.[citation needed]

The only tournament that was not awarded to a champion occurred on 1989, after the assassination of referee Álvaro Ortega on October 1, 1989 in Medellín. All games, post-season games and international representation for the following year were cancelled.

Table[edit]

Season Champion (Title count) Runner-up Leading goalscorer(s)[4]
1948 Independiente Santa Fe (1) Atlético Junior Argentina Alfredo Castillo (Millonarios; 31 goals)
1949 Millonarios (1) Deportivo Cali Argentina Pedro Cabillón (Millonarios; 42 goals)
1950 Once Caldas (1) Millonarios Paraguay Casimiro Ávalos (Deportivo Pereira; 27 goals)
1951 Millonarios (2) Boca Juniors de Cali Argentina Alfredo Di Stéfano (Millonarios; 31 goals)
1952 Millonarios (3) Boca Juniors de Cali Argentina Alfredo Di Stéfano (Millonarios; 19 goals)
1953 Millonarios (4) Deportes Quindío Argentina Mario Garelli (Deportes Quindío; 20 goals)
1954 Atlético Nacional (1) Deportes Quindío Argentina Carlos Alberto Gambina (Atlético Nacional; 21 goals)
1955 D. Independiente Medellín (1) Atlético Nacional Argentina Felipe Marino (Independiente Medellín; 22 goals)
1956 Atlético Quindio (1) Millonarios Colombia Jaime Gutiérrez (Deportes Quindío; 21 goals)
1957 D. Independiente Medellín (2) Deportes Tolima Argentina José Vicente Grecco (Independiente Medellín; 30 goals)
1958 Independiente Santa Fe (2) Millonarios Argentina José Américo Montanini (Atlético Bucaramanga; 36 goals)
1959 Millonarios (5) Independiente Medellín Argentina Felipe Marino (Cúcuta-Medellín; 35 goals)
1960 Santa Fe (3) América de Cali Argentina Walter Marcolini (Deportivo Cali; 30 goals)
1961 Millonarios (6) Independiente Medellín Argentina Alberto Perazzo (Santa Fe; 32 goals)
1962 Millonarios (7) Deportivo Cali Uruguay José Omar Verdún (Cúcuta Deportivo; 36 goals)
1963 Millonarios (8) Santa Fe Argentina Omar Lorenzo Devanni (Atlético Bucaramanga; 36 goals)
Uruguay José Omar Verdún (Cúcuta Deportivo; 36 goals)
1964 Millonarios (9) Cúcuta Deportivo Argentina Omar Lorenzo Devanni (Magdalena-Bucaramanga; 28 goals)
1965 Deportivo Cali (1) Atlético Nacional Argentina Perfecto Rodríguez (Independiente Medellín; 38 goals)
1966 Santa Fe (4) Independiente Medellín Argentina Omar Lorenzo Devanni (Santa Fe; 31 goals)
1967 Deportivo Cali (2) Millonarios Argentina José María Ferrero (Millonarios; 38 goals)
1968 Unión Magdalena (1) Deportivo Cali Argentina José María Ferrero (Millonarios; 32 goals)
1969 Deportivo Cali (3) América de Cali Argentina Hugo Horacio Lóndero (América; 25 goals)
1970 Deportivo Cali (4) Atlético Junior Argentina José María Ferrero (Cúcuta Deportivo; 27 goals)
Uruguay Walter Sossa (Santa Fe; 27 goals)
1971 Santa Fe (5) Atlético Nacional Argentina Hugo Horacio Lóndero (Cúcuta Deportivo; 30 goals)
Paraguay Apolinar Paniagua (Deportivo Pereira; 30 goals)
1972 Millonarios (10) Deportivo Cali Argentina Hugo Horacio Lóndero (Cúcuta Deportivo; 27 goals)
1973 Atlético Nacional (2) Millonarios Uruguay Nelson Silva Pacheco (Cúcuta-Júnior; 36 goals)
1974 Deportivo Cali (5) Atlético Nacional Brazil Víctor Ephanor (Junior; 33 goals)
1975 Santa Fe (6) Millonarios Argentina Jorge Ramón Cáceres (Deportivo Pereira; 35 goals)
1976 Atlético Nacional (3) Deportivo Cali Argentina Miguel Angel Converti (Millonarios; 33 goals)
1977 Atlético Junior (1) Deportivo Cali Argentina Oswaldo Marcial Palavecino (Atlético Nacional; 33 goals)
1978 Millonarios (11) Deportivo Cali Argentina Oswaldo Marcial Palavecino (Atlético Nacional; 36 goals)
1979 América de Cali (1) Santa Fe Argentina Juan José Irigoyén (Millonarios; 36 goals)
1980 Atlético Junior (2) Deportivo Cali Argentina Sergio Cierra (Deportivo Pereira; 26 goals)
1981 Atlético Nacional (4) Deportes Tolima Argentina Víctor Hugo del Río (Deportes Tolima; 29 goals)
1982 América de Cali (2) Deportes Tolima Argentina Miguel Oswaldo González (Atlético Bucaramanga; 27 goals)
1983 América de Cali (3) Atlético Junior Argentina Hugo Gottardi (Santa Fe; 29 goals)
1984 América de Cali (4) Millonarios Argentina Hugo Gottardi (Santa Fe; 23 goals)
1985 América de Cali (5) Deportivo Cali Argentina Miguel Oswaldo González (Atlético Bucaramanga; 34 goals)
1986 América de Cali (6) Deportivo Cali Argentina Héctor Ramón Sossa (Independiente Medellín; 23 goals)
1987 Millonarios (12) América de Cali Chile Jorge Aravena (Deportivo Cali; 23 goals)
1988 Millonarios (13) Atlético Nacional Colombia Sergio Angulo (Santa Fe; 29 goals)
1989
Championship not awarded
1990 América de Cali (7) Atlético Nacional Colombia Antony de Ávila (América; 25 goals)
1991 Atlético Nacional (5) América de Cali Colombia Iván Valenciano (Junior; 30 goals)
1992 América de Cali (8) Atlético Nacional Colombia John Jairo Tréllez (Atlético Nacional; 25 goals)
1993 Atlético Junior (3) Independiente Medellín Colombia Miguel Guerrero (Junior; 34 goals)
1994 Atlético Nacional (6) Millonarios Colombia Rubén Darío Hernández (Medellín-Pereira-América; 32 goals)
1995 Atlético Junior (4) América de Cali Colombia Iván Valenciano (Junior; 24 goals)
1995–96 Deportivo Cali (6) Millonarios Colombia Iván Valenciano (Junior; 36 goals)
1996–97 América de Cali (9) Atlético Bucaramanga Colombia Hamilton Ricard (Deportivo Cali; 36 goals)
1998 Deportivo Cali (7) Once Caldas Colombia Víctor Bonilla (Deportivo Cali; 37 goals)
1999 Atlético Nacional (7) América de Cali Argentina Sergio Galván Rey (Once Caldas; 26 goals)
2000 América de Cali (10) Atlético Junior Colombia Carlos Alberto Castro (Millonarios; 24 goals)
2001 América de Cali (11) Independiente Medellín Colombia Carlos Alberto Castro (Millonarios; 29 goals)
Colombia Jorge Horacio Serna (Independiente Medellín; 29 goals)
2002 Apertura América de Cali (12) Atlético Nacional Colombia Luis Fernando Zuleta (Unión Magdalena; 13 goals)
Finalización D. Independiente Medellín (3) Deportivo Pasto Colombia Orlando Ballesteros (Atlético Bucaramanga; 13 goals)
Colombia Milton Rodríguez (Deportivo Pereira; 13 goals)
2003 Apertura Once Caldas (2) Atlético Junior Colombia Arnulfo Valentierra (Once Caldas; 13 goals)
Finalización Deportes Tolima (1) Deportivo Cali Colombia Léider Preciado (Deportivo Cali; 17 goals)
2004 Apertura D. Independiente Medellín (4) Atlético Nacional Colombia Sergio Herrera (América; 13 goals)
Finalización Atlético Junior (5) Atlético Nacional Colombia Leonardo Fabio Moreno (América; 15 goals)
Colombia Léider Preciado (Santa Fe; 15 goals)
2005 Apertura Atlético Nacional (8) Santa Fe Colombia Víctor Aristizábal (Atlético Nacional; 16 goals)
Finalización Deportivo Cali (8) Real Cartagena Colombia Jámerson Rentería (Real Cartagena; 12 goals)
Colombia Hugo Rodallega (Deportivo Cali; 12 goals)
2006 Apertura Deportivo Pasto (1) Deportivo Cali Colombia Jorge Moreno (Cúcuta Deportivo; 15 goals)
Finalización Cúcuta Deportivo (1) Deportes Tolima Colombia Diego Álvarez (Independiente Medellín; 11 goals)
Colombia Jhon Charría (Deportes Tolima; 11 goals)
2007 Apertura Atlético Nacional (9) Atlético Huila Colombia Fredy Montero (Atlético Huila; 13 goals)
Colombia Sergio Galván Rey (Atlético Nacional; 13 goals)
Finalización Atlético Nacional (10) La Equidad Colombia Dayro Moreno (Once Caldas; 16 goals)
2008 Apertura Boyacá Chicó (1) América de Cali Argentina Miguel Caneo (Boyacá Chicó FC; 13 goals)
Colombia Iván Velásquez (Deportes Quindío; 13 goals)
Finalización América (13) Independiente Medellín Colombia Fredy Montero (Deportivo Cali; 16 goals)
2009 Apertura Once Caldas (3) Atlético Junior Colombia Teófilo Gutiérrez (Junior; 16 goals)
Finalización D. Independiente Medellín (5) Atlético Huila Colombia Jackson Martínez (Independiente Medellín; 18 goals)
2010 Apertura Atlético Junior (6) La Equidad Colombia Carlos Bacca (Junior; 12 goals)
Colombia Carlos Rentería (La Equidad; 12 goals)
Finalización Once Caldas (4) Deportes Tolima Colombia Wilder Medina (Deportes Tolima; 16 goals)
Colombia Dayro Moreno (Once Caldas; 16 goals)
2011 Apertura Atlético Nacional (11) La Equidad Colombia Carlos Rentería (Atlético Nacional; 12 goals)
Finalización Atlético Junior (7) Once Caldas Colombia Carlos Bacca (Junior; 12 goals)
2012 Apertura Santa Fe (7) Deportivo Pasto Paraguay Robin Ramírez (Deportes Tolima; 13 goals)
Finalización Millonarios (14) Independiente Medellín Colombia Henry Hernández (Cúcuta Deportivo; 9 goals)
Colombia Carmelo Valencia (La Equidad; 9 goals)
2013 Apertura Atlético Nacional (12) Santa Fe Colombia Wilder Medina (Santa Fe; 12 goals)
Finalización Atlético Nacional (13) Deportivo Cali Colombia Dayro Moreno (Millonarios; 16 goals)
Colombia Luis Carlos Ruiz (Junior; 16 goals)
2014 Apertura Atlético Nacional (14) Atlético Junior Colombia Dayro Moreno (Millonarios; 12 goals)
Finalización

Source for champions and runners-up by season: RSSSF[5]

Titles by club[edit]

Club Winners Runners-up Winning years
Atlético Nacional 14 10 1954, 1973, 1976, 1981, 1991, 1994, 1999, 2005–I, 2007–I, 2007–II, 2011–I, 2013–I, 2013–II, 2014–I
Millonarios 14 9 1949, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1959, 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1972, 1978, 1987, 1988, 2012–II
América 13 7 1979, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1990, 1992, 1996–97, 2000, 2001, 2002–I, 2008–II
Deportivo Cali 8 13 1965, 1967, 1969, 1970, 1974, 1995–96, 1998, 2005–II
Junior 7 7 1977, 1980, 1993, 1995, 2004–II, 2010–I, 2011–II
Santa Fe 7 4 1948, 1958, 1960, 1966, 1971, 1975, 2012–I
Independiente Medellín 5 7 1955, 1957, 2002–II, 2004–I, 2009–II
Once Caldas 4 2 1950, 2003–I, 2009–I, 2010–II
Deportes Tolima 1 5 2003–II
Deportivo Pasto 1 2 2006–I
Deportes Quindío 1 2 1956
Cúcuta Deportivo 1 1 2006–II
Boyacá Chicó 1 0 2008–I
Unión Magdalena 1 0 1968

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.semana.com/economia/articulo/gol-postobon-ultimo-minuto/109551-3
  2. ^ Caracol Radio (2009-06-17). "No habrá publicidad de cigarrillos en eventos deportivos y culturales" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2009-06-17. 
  3. ^ Acosta, Andrés; Ballesteros, Frank (15 January 2010). "Colombia - All-Time Table First Division". RSSSF.com. 
  4. ^ Arteaga, José; Ballesteros, Frank (March 6, 2008). "Colombian League Top Scorers". website. RSSSF. Retrieved November 27, 2010. 
  5. ^ Juan Pablo Andres and Frank Ballesteros, 22 May 2014. "Colombia - List of Champions and Runners-Up". RSSSF. Retrieved 22 September 2014. 

External links[edit]