Pan-Europeanism refers several ideologies, but in general to a normative belief in some form of European geopolitical, cultural, ethnic or racial entity. Pan-Europeanism may imply political action on the basis of common traits recognized in European people, countries and cultures, and on the basis of intimate intra-European international relations - their inclusion in the European Constitution, for instance.
In the strict sense, pan-Europeanism is a form of pan-nationalism seeking to promote some form of European unity, in some cases implying the constitution of a European state or geopolitical entity of sorts. Early pan-Europeanist organisations, such as the early International Paneuropean Union, competed with other pan-nationalist ideals such as pan-Germanism. After the Second World War, the European Economic Community and its successor the European Union came to be seen as the only path to European integration, and other pan-Europeanist ideas were marginalised.
Recently, the term pan-European has been used within the European Union, to designate activities at EU, rather than national, level. The 2009 European elections, for instance are only open to pan-European political parties, although most of them are alliances of existing national parties.
This category has the following 11 subcategories, out of 11 total.
The following 11 pages are in this category, out of 11 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).