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In Tantric Buddhism, a Yidam (Sanskrit: Ishtadevata) is a fully enlightened being who is the focus of personal meditation, during a retreat or for one's life.

Although many commonfolk worship their yidam as a deity in a manner similar to theistic practices, the meaning according to yogis and texts is that the Ishtadevata is to be identified with the practitioner's own future Buddhahood.