|Founded||24 September 1946|
|Hubs||Hong Kong International Airport|
|Fleet size||177 incl. cargo and Dragonair |
|Destinations||177 in 40 countries and territories incl. cargo|
|Company slogan||Life Well Travelled|
|Parent company||Swire Pacific|
|Headquarters||Registered office: One Pacific Place, Hong Kong
Head office: Cathay City, Hong Kong International Airport, Chek Lap Kok, Hong Kong
|Revenue||HK$ 98,406 million (2011)|
|Operating income||HK$ 5,263 million (2011)|
|Net income||HK$ 5,501 million (2011)|
|Employees||22,500 (Feb 2015, Cathay Pacific Airways), 32,900 (Feb 2015, incl. subsidiaries)|
|Cathay Pacific Airways Limited|
Cathay Pacific (Chinese: 國泰航空) (SEHK: 0293) is the flag carrier airline of Hong Kong, with its head office and main hub located at Hong Kong International Airport. The airline's operations include scheduled passenger and cargo services to 168 destinations in 42 countries worldwide, codeshares, and joint ventures, with a fleet of wide-body aircraft, consisting of Airbus A330, Airbus A340, Boeing 747 and Boeing 777 equipment. Its wholly owned subsidiary, Dragonair, operates to 44 destinations in the Asia-Pacific region from its Hong Kong base. In 2010, Cathay Pacific and Dragonair carried nearly 27 million passengers and over 1.8 million tonnes of cargo and mail.
The airline was founded on 24 September 1946 by Australian Sydney H. de Kantzow and American Roy C. Farrell, with each man putting up HK$1 to register the airline. The airline made the world's first non-stop transpolar flight flying over the North Pole in July 1998, which was also the maiden flight to arrive at then time, the new Hong Kong International Airport. The airline celebrated its 60th anniversary in 2006; and as of October 2009[update], its major shareholders are Swire Pacific and Air China. It is reciprocally one of the major shareholders of Air China. Cathay Pacific currently holds the title of the world's third largest airline, measured in terms of market capitalisation, according to the International Air Transport Association. In 2010, Cathay Pacific became the world's largest international cargo airline, along with main hub Hong Kong International Airport as the world's busiest airport in terms of cargo traffic.
- 1 History
- 1.1 1940s and 1950s: The early years
- 1.2 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s: Expansion
- 1.3 1990s: Rebranding, renewal, and Oneworld
- 1.4 2000s: Industrial troubles and acquisitions
- 1.5 2010s: Current developments
- 2 Corporate affairs and identity
- 3 Destinations
- 4 Fleet
- 5 Loyalty programmes
- 6 Services
- 7 Incidents and accidents
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
1940s and 1950s: The early years
Cathay Pacific was founded in Shanghai on 24 September 1946 by Australian Sydney de Kantzow and American Roy Farrell. Both men were ex-air force pilots who had flown the Hump, a route over the Himalayan mountains. Each man put up HK$1 to register the airline. Although initially based in Shanghai, the two men moved to Hong Kong where they formally began Cathay Pacific. They named it Cathay, the ancient name given to China, and Pacific because Farrell speculated that they would one day fly across the Pacific (which happened in the 1970s). The Chinese name for the company "國泰" comes from a Chinese idiom meaning "grand and peaceful state".
According to legend, the airline's unique name was conceived by Farrell and some foreign correspondents at the bar of the Manila Hotel. On Cathay Pacific's maiden voyage, Farrell and de Kantzow flew from Hong Kong to Manila, and later on to Shanghai. They had a single Douglas DC-3, nicknamed Betsy. The airline initially flew routes between Hong Kong, Sydney, Manila, Singapore, Shanghai, and Canton, while scheduled service was limited to Bangkok, Manila, and Singapore only.
In 1948 Butterfield & Swire (now known as Swire Group) bought 45% of Cathay Pacific, with Australian National Airways taking 35% and Farrell and de Kantzow taking 10% each. The new company began operations on 1 July 1948 and was registered as Cathay Pacific (1948) Ltd on 18 October 1948. Swire later acquired 52% of Cathay Pacific and today the airline is still 45% owned by the Swire Group through Swire Pacific Limited.
1960s, 1970s, and 1980s: Expansion
The airline prospered in late 1950s and into the 1960s by buying its archrival, Hong Kong Airways, on 1 July 1959. Between 1962 and 1967, the airline recorded double digit growth on average every year and the world's first to operate international services to Fukuoka, Nagoya and Osaka in Japan. In 1964, it carried its one millionth passenger and acquired its first jet engine aircraft Convair 880 in 1964. In the 1970s, Cathay Pacific installed a computerised reservation system and flight simulators. In 1979, the airline acquired its first Boeing 747 and applied for traffic rights to begin flying to London in 1980, with the first flight on 16 July. Expansion continued into the 1980s, with nonstop service to Vancouver in 1983, with continuing service on to San Francisco in 1986 when an industry-wide boom encouraged route growth to many European and North American centres. On 15 May 1986, the airline went public and was listed in the Main Board of the Hong Kong Stock Exchange.
1990s: Rebranding, renewal, and Oneworld
In January 1990, Cathay Pacific and its parent company, Swire Pacific, acquired a significant shareholding in Dragonair, and a 75% stake in cargo airline Air Hong Kong in 1994. During the early 1990s, the airline launched a programme to upgrade its passenger service. The green and white striped livery was replaced with the current "brushwing" livery. In 1994 the airline invested in a new corporate identity, with a 23 million Hong Kong dollar (RM 7.3 million) program to update its image. The fleet was expected to have the new logo within four years.
The airline began a US$9 billion fleet replacement program during the mid-1990s that gave it one of the youngest fleets in the world. In 1996, CITIC Pacific increased its holdings in Cathay Pacific from 10% to 25%, while the Swire Group holding was reduced to 44% as two other Chinese companies, CNAC and CTS, also bought substantial holdings.
On 1 July 1997, the administration of Hong Kong was transferred from the UK to the People's Republic of China. Most of the airline's aircraft were registered in Hong Kong with a registration beginning with "VR". Under the terms of an agreement within the Sino-British Joint Liaison Group (JLG), all registrations were changed by December 1997 to the prefix "B" used by the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China (Taiwan). Cathay Pacific aircraft formerly carried a painted UK Union Flag on the tail, but these were removed several years before the 1997 takeover.
On 21 May 1998, Cathay Pacific took the first delivery of the Boeing 777-300 at a ceremony in Everett. In 21 September 1998, Cathay Pacific, together with American Airlines, British Airways, Canadian Airlines, and Qantas, co-founded the Oneworld airline alliance. The airline was hurt by the Asian financial crisis of the late 1990s, but recorded a record HK$5 billion profit in 2000.
New Hong Kong International Airport and transpolar flights
On Monday, 6 July 1998, at 00:00 HKT, Kai Tak International Airport saw its last commercial departure, Cathay Pacific Flight 251 to London Heathrow Airport, after over 73 years of operation. The next day, Cathay Pacific Flight 889 from New York John F. Kennedy International Airport piloted by Captain Paul Horsting, was the first arrival to the new Hong Kong International Airport at Chek Lap Kok, Hong Kong. Also on board were Captain Mike Lowes and First Officer Kelvin Ma. This flight was also the world's first nonstop transpolar flight from New York to Hong Kong. The flight, dubbed Polar One, takes about 16 hours between Hong Kong and New York Kennedy, saving about three to four hours compared to the one stop flight via Vancouver. It is Cathay Pacific's longest nonstop flight, and one of the longest in the world at 8,055 mi (12,963 km).
2000s: Industrial troubles and acquisitions
The 2000s saw Cathay Pacific experience labour relations issues, while completing the acquisition of Dragonair.
On 28 November 2002, the airline took delivery of its first Airbus A340-600 aircraft at a ceremony at the Airbus factory in Toulouse. Cathay Pacific was the launch customer in Asia for the A340-600 and the aircraft was the first of three leased from International Lease Finance Corporation (ILFC). On 1 December 2005, Cathay Pacific ordered 16 Boeing 777-300ER aircraft, four on lease from ILFC, to be delivered between September 2007 and July 2010, plus options on 20 more of the type, two of which were converted to orders on 1 June 2006. The airline also ordered 3 more A330-300 on the same day, with the delivery of the aircraft scheduled for 2008. On 7 August 2007, Cathay Pacific ordered five more wide-body Boeing 777-300ER aircraft for a total price of about US$1.4 billion, increasing its commitment to a total of 23 of the aircraft type.
The 49ers – employment dispute
In 2001, the Hong Kong Aircrew Officers Association (HKAOA) launched a "work to rule" campaign to further its campaign for pay improvements and changes to roster scheduling practices. The action involved pilots refusing to work flights that were not scheduled on their roster. Although this alone did not cause extensive disruption, rostered pilots began to call in sick for their flights. Combined with the work to rule campaign, the airline was unable to cover all of its scheduled flights, and cancellations resulted. Cathay Pacific steadfastly refused to negotiate with the HKAOA under threat of industrial action.
On 9 July 2001, reportedly following a comprehensive review of the employment histories of all its pilots, the company fired 49 of its 1,500 pilots. This group became known colloquially as "the 49ers". Nearly half of the fired pilots were captains, representing five percent of the total pilot group. Of the 21 officers of the HKAOA, nine were fired, including four of the seven union negotiators.
On 11 November 2009, 18 of the 49ers succeeded in the Hong Kong Court of First Instance concerning their joint claims for breach of contract, breach of the Employment Ordinance, and defamation.
On 24 December 2010, judges Frank Stock, Susan Kwan, and Johnson Lam of the Court of Appeal overturned the judgment of the lower court to the extent that the claim for wrongful termination of contract was dismissed. The finding that Cathay Pacific wrongly sacked the 18 pilots for their union activities was upheld. The court upheld the defamation claim, but reduced the damages for the defamatory comments made by Cathay Pacific management. The judges also modified the judgment awarding payment of legal costs to the pilots and instead said that they should now pay some of Cathay’s costs.
The pilots were awarded leave on 26 October 2011 to take their case to the Court of Final Appeal. The matter was heard before Hon. Mr. Justices Bokhary, Chan, & Ribeiro who are all Permanent Judges of the Court of Final Appeal. The matters to be decided upon by the Court will concern wrongful termination of contract and the level of damages for defamation. The case was heard by the Court of Final Appeal on 27 August 2012.
On 26 September 2012, 11 years after they were sacked, the 49ers were finally judged to have won the 3 prime issues of their legal case: breach of contract, breach of the Employment Ordinance, and defamation. The Court of Final Appeal agreed with the Court of Appeal's methodology for reducing the defamation damages. However, it reinstated one month's salary for each of the 49ers.
Acquisition and downsizing of Dragonair
On 9 June 2006, the airline underwent a shareholding realignment under which Dragonair became a wholly owned subsidiary but continued to operate under its own brand. Acquiring Dragonair meant gaining more access to the restricted, yet rapidly growing, Mainland China market and more opportunities for sharing of resources. CNAC, and its subsidiary, Air China, acquired a 17.5 percent stake in Cathay Pacific, and the airline doubled its shareholding in Air China to 17.5 percent. CITIC Pacific reduced its shareholding to 17.5 percent and Swire Group reduced its shareholding to 40 percent.
Dragonair had originally planned significant international expansion. It was already operating services to Bangkok and Tokyo, and was to have a dedicated cargo fleet of nine Boeing 747-400BCF aircraft by 2009 operating to New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, San Francisco and Columbus. It had also acquired three Airbus A330-300 aircraft to commence services to Sydney and Seoul.
Following the acquisition by Cathay Pacific, Dragonair's proposed expansion plans underwent a comprehensive route compatibility analysis with the Cathay network, in an effort to reduce duplication. Dragonair services to Bangkok and Tokyo were terminated, and new services launched to Sendai, Phuket, Manila and Kathmandu. With the merging of similar departments at the two previously separate airlines, some Dragonair staff have had their employment contracts transferred to Cathay Pacific, with the exception of Dragonair Pilots and Cabin Crew and others made redundant due to the efficiencies gained in the merger. This has resulted in an approximately 37 percent decrease in the number of staff contractually employed by Dragonair.
There has been speculation that Dragonair will cease as a brand and be fully absorbed into Cathay Pacific.
To celebrate the airline's 60th anniversary in 2006, a year of road shows named the "Cathay Pacific 60th Anniversary Skyshow" was held where the public could see the developments of the airline, play games, meet some of the airline's staff, and view vintage uniforms. Cathay Pacific also introduced anniversary merchandise and in-flight meals served by famous restaurants in Hong Kong in collaboration with the celebrations.
In June 2008, Cathay Pacific entered into a plea bargain with the United States Department of Justice in respect of antitrust investigations over air cargo price fixing agreements. It was fined US$60 million. The airline has subsequently set up an internal Competition Compliance Office, reporting to chief operating officer John Slosar, to ensure that the Group complies with all relevant competition and antitrust laws in the jurisdiction in which it operates. The breaches for which Cathay Pacific Cargo were being investigated in the U.S. were not illegal under Hong Kong competition law.
In March 2009, the airline reported a record full-year loss of HK$8.56 billion for 2008, which was also the carrier's first since the 1997 Asian Financial Crisis. The record loss included fuel-hedging losses of HK$7.6 billion and a HK$468 million charge for a price-fixing fine in the U.S. It had to scrap its final dividend. The hedging losses were a result of locking in fuel prices at higher than prevailing market price. As of the end of 2008, Cathay Pacific has hedged about half of its fuel needs until the end of 2011. The airline at the time estimated that it would face no further cash costs from the hedges if the average market price stood at US$75, enabling it recoup provisions it made in 2008.
The flattening out of fuel prices resulted in Cathay Pacific recording a paper fuel hedging gain for its half-year reports for 2009. However, as a result of the global economic situation, the Group reported an operating loss. Given the current economic climate, and in line with the steps being taken by other major airlines around the world, the airline has undertaken a comprehensive review of all its routes and operations. This has resulted in frequencies being reduced to certain destinations, ad hoc cancellations on other routes, deferred capital expenditure, parked aircraft and introduced a Special Leave Scheme for staff to conserve money. According to CEO Tony Tyler, the yield from passengers was "hugely down" and the airline had lost "a lot of premium traffic". He noted that it could take 20 passengers in economy to make up for the lost revenue of one fewer first class passenger flying to New York from Hong Kong.
2010s: Current developments
In 2010, the airline set another record high profit, amounting to HK$14.048 billion despite record losses set in the same decade. At the same time, Cathay Pacific had taken delivery of several new aircraft types, including the Airbus A330-300 and Boeing 777-300ER. Tony Tyler left his position as CEO at the airline on 31 March 2010 to pursue his new job at the IATA. Chief operating officer John Slosar had succeeded Tony Tyler as the new CEO. In addition, New Zealand's Commerce Commission had dropped charges against Cathay Pacific concerning the air cargo price fixing agreements. In 2014, the airline underwent the largest network expansion in recent years which included the addition of links to Manchester, Zurich and Boston.
Corporate affairs and identity
Cathay Pacific's head office, Cathay Pacific City, is located at Hong Kong International Airport, although the airline's registered office is on the 33rd floor of One Pacific Place. Cathay Pacific City was scheduled to be built in increments between April and September 1998. The headquarters opened in 1998. Previously the airline's headquarters were at the Swire House, which was a complex in Central named after the airline's parent company.
Subsidiaries and associates
Companies with major Cathay Pacific Group stake include:
|Company||Type||Principal activities||Incorporated in||Group's Equity Shareholding
(10 March 2010)
|Air China Cargo||Joint Venture||Cargo airline||China||49%|
|Air Hong Kong||Joint Venture||Cargo airline||Hong Kong||60%|
|Cathay Pacific Cargo||Subsidiary||Cargo airline||Hong Kong||100%|
|Cathay Pacific Catering Services (HK) Limited||Subsidiary||Catering services||Hong Kong||100%|
|Cathay Pacific Services Limited||Subsidiary||Cargo||Hong Kong||100%|
|Cathay Pacific Holidays||Subsidiary||Travel agency||Hong Kong||100%|
|Dragonair Holidays||Subsidiary||Travel agency||Hong Kong||100%|
|Hong Kong Airport Services||Subsidiary||Ground handling||Hong Kong||100%|
|Vogue Laundry Service Limited||Subsidiary||Laundry||Hong Kong||100%|
|China Pacific Laundry Services||Joint Venture||Laundry||Taiwan||45%|
|VN/CX Catering Services Limited||Joint Venture||Catering services||Vietnam||40%|
|CLS Catering Services Limited||Joint Venture||Catering services||Canada||30%|
Branding and publicity efforts have revolved primarily around the staff and passengers of Cathay Pacific. The airline's first campaign focusing on the passenger was "It's the little things that move you". It was followed by an advertising campaign. "Great Service. Great People. Great Fares." In 2011, Cathay Pacific rolled out "People. They make an airline." And in 2015, "Life Well Travelled" has become their latest motto, as well as the motto for it's subsidiary Dragonair . It was accompanied by a supplementary website "Meet the Team", which introduced some of the staff through profiles. The flash site revealed many behind-the-scenes stories many of which contain inspiring facts about their career life.
All Cathay Pacific aircraft carry the following livery, logos and trademarks: the "brushwing" livery on the body and on the vertical stabiliser, introduced in the early 1990s; the "Asia's world city" brandline, the Brand Hong Kong logotype and the dragon symbol; the Oneworld logo and the Swire Group logo.
The brushwing logo consists of a calligraphic stroke against a green background; the stroke is intended to appear like the wing of a bird. The previous logo, consisting of green and white stripes, was in place from the early 1970s until 1994.
Prior to 1997, all Cathay Pacific aircraft carried the British flag on the empennage. After the handover, aircraft carry the Brand Hong Kong logo and with HONG KONG or in Chinese 香港 under or beside the Brand Hong Kong logo instead of using the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) flag. In fact, the HKSAR flag has never appeared on any aircraft.
In October 2014, Cathay Pacific modified their brushwing logo from 1994 to a newer, lighter version. The livery on aircraft, however, will keep its look but it may change in future years.
Cathay Pacific serves 168 destinations in 42 countries and territories on five continents, with a well-developed Asian network. The airline serves a number of gateway cities in North America and Europe, with easy connections with its Oneworld and codeshare partners, American Airlines and British Airways via Los Angeles and London, respectively. In addition, the airline serves 10 French cities via a codeshare partnership with French national rail operator, SNCF, from Paris. The airline also has access to over 17 destinations in China through its subsidiary, Dragonair.
Cathay Pacific operates four-class configurations on all of its Boeing 747-400 and most Boeing 777-300ER fleet, three-class configurations on remaining Boeing 777-300ER, all Airbus A340-300 and all long-haul Airbus A330-300 aircraft, and two-class configurations on all regional-configured aircraft. The Boeing customer code for Cathay Pacific is 67 (e.g. 777-367ER). As of May 2015, the Cathay Pacific passenger fleet comprises the following aircraft:
|Airbus A330-300||43||16||—||—||42||—||265||307||Regional cabin|
|Airbus A340-300||10||—||—||26||28||211||265||In the process of being retired
Replacement aircraft: Airbus A350-900
|Airbus A350-900||—||22||—||38||28||214||280||Replacing Boeing 777-200 and Airbus A340-300
The first aircraft will be delivered in Feb 2016 
|Boeing 747-400||3||—||9||46||26||278||359||In the process of being retired|
|Boeing 777-200||5||—||—||42||—||294||336||Regional cabin
|Boeing 777-300||12||—||—||42||—||356||398||Regional cabin
Launch customer for the type
|Boeing 777-300ER||50||17||3||—||40||32||268||340||Replacing Boeing 747-400|
||Deliveries 2021 - 2024
First Asian 777X customer
Special colour schemes
Passenger fleet plans
On 8 November 2007, Cathay Pacific ordered seven additional Boeing 777-300ERs and 10 747-8F freighters with a list price of US$5.2 billion. In addition, it also took 14 options for the new freighter at that time. This order, if all options are exercised, would make Cathay Pacific the largest operator of 777-300ERs in Asia and largest operator of 747-8Fs in the world. On 6 December 2007, the airline, already the biggest operator of the Airbus A330, placed a firm order for eight more Airbus A330-300 aircraft valued at approximately US$1.7 billion at list prices. Together with the commitment for 17 long-haul passenger aircraft and freighters, the new aircraft took Cathay Pacific Group's fleet size to 200 by 2012. From those 200 aircraft, the airline operates 155 itself, and the rest are used by its subsidiaries.
The airline's CEO, Tony Tyler, stated on 30 October 2007 that the carrier had no plans regarding the purchase of either the Boeing 787 Dreamliner or the Airbus A380 for the time being. On 8 June 2010, the carrier entered talks with both Boeing and Airbus about adding the 787 Dreamliner and/or the Airbus A350 to their fleet, with Tyler reported to have said that the airline was more interested in acquiring smaller, long-range jets that are better suited for carrying cargo, than it is in acquiring either the Boeing 747-8 or the Airbus A380. The twinjet aircraft would allow Cathay Pacific to both add new destinations to its network, and to replace those 747-400s and A340-300s that currently operate on its long-haul routes alongside 777-300ERs. The carrier remained open on a potential purchase of the B747-8 and A380 for long-haul and ultra long-haul routes to Australia, the US and Europe. "Airbus and Boeing have been talking to us, and we will study both the A380 and the 747-8 Intercontinental next year (2012)," Cathay Pacific chief executive John Slosar told flightglobal Pro.
On 11 March 2009, it was reported that the delivery of two aircraft due in 2008 was delayed after a strike at Boeing. Additionally, the delivery of two 747-8 freighters was pushed back to 2010 amid delays at the planemaker. The delivery positions on new A330-300 and 777-300ER aircraft were deferred due to the economic recession. Cathay Pacific also sent four A340-300 and two 747-400 aircraft to Victorville Airport for storage.
On 4 August 2010, it was confirmed that Cathay Pacific would buy 30 A350-900s and six more 777-300ERs. On 8 March 2011, it was reported that the airline had ordered another 15 A330-300s and 10 777-300ERs. The deal also included two more A350-900s, to be leased from ILFC. On 10 August 2011, Cathay Pacific entered into an agreement with Boeing to purchase four 777-300ER passenger aircraft and eight Boeing 777F Freighters. On 20 January 2012, it was confirmed that Cathay Pacific would buy another six A350-900s. At the 2012 Farnborough Airshow, it was confirmed that Cathay would order 10 A350-1000s and convert 16 A350-900s to the bigger −1000.
Cathay Pacific launched Premium Economy Class on its new 777-300ERs in March 2012. The aircraft feature 40 Business Class, 32 Premium Economy Class and 268 Economy Class seats with the absence of a First Class cabin. Premium Economy Class service on its new A330-300s was available from March 2012; the aircraft are configured with 38 Business Class, 28 Premium Economy Class and 175 Economy Class seats. Premium Economy Class will also be offered on 4-class 777-300ERs and 747-400s from summer 2012. On 20 December 2013, the airline placed an order for 21 Boeing 777-9X aircraft at a listed price of HK$58 billion.
Cathay Pacific Cargo operates a fleet of over 20 freighters to more than 40 destinations around the world, in addition to utilising the cargo space on its passenger aircraft. The cargo subsidiary was established in 1981 with a twice-a-week Hong Kong–Frankfurt–London service operated jointly with Lufthansa. The cargo division ranked fifth in the freight category of the 2008 The World's Top 25 Airlines by Air Transport World. Cathay Pacific Cargo handles most of the airlines' passenger cargo. Together with its cargo routes, it serves more than 80 destinations and is able to operate to destinations that are not in the Cathay Pacific passenger network.
Cargo fleet notes
On 5 October 2005, the airline took delivery of its first Boeing 747-400 Boeing Converted Freighter (Boeing 747-400BCF) aircraft that was converted from passenger configuration to a freighter in Xiamen, China. Cathay Pacific Cargo is the launch customer for this aircraft model and it was also the first time Boeing had conducted a major flight test programme outside the United States. On 22 June 2006, the airline ordered six Boeing 747-400ERF freighters, delivered in 2008 and 2009. On 31 October 2011, Cathay Pacific took delivery of its first Boeing 747-8F. Eighteen months after the first delivery, the airline ordered an additional three 747-8F in lieu of the eight 777-200F originally ordered. As part of the agreement, Boeing will re-acquire four 747-400BCF from Cathay Pacific group as well.
On 18 March 2008, Airport Authority Hong Kong (HKAA) awarded Cathay Pacific Services Ltd (CPSL), a wholly owned subsidiary, a non-exclusive 20-year franchise to invest in, design, construct and operate a new air cargo terminal at Hong Kong International Airport (HKIA), to be built in the cargo area at the airport, close to the existing cargo servicing facilities, with a site area of approximately 10 hectares. The new cargo terminal will be operated by a separate management team in CPSL. On 15 January 2009, CPSL signed a supplementary agreement with the HKAA to defer the completion of its new cargo terminal by a maximum of 24 months to mid-2013, in response to the current market conditions. A non-disclosed compensation amount for the deferral is included in the supplementary agreement. Architecture firm Aedas is designing Cargo Terminal
In 1997, a Boeing 747-200 (B-HIB) named Spirit of Hong Kong, with a special livery, a big traditional Chinese brushstroke character "家" (means family/home), a traditional Chinese wording "繁榮進步 更創新高" painted on the left side of the aircraft and a wording "The Spirit of Hong Kong 97" painted on the right side of the aircraft, to commemorate the handover of Hong Kong back to China. On 17 January 2000, Spirit of Hong Kong made a return on a Boeing 747-400 (B-HOX) to celebrate the legendary resilience of Hong Kong with a new special livery depicts a young athlete overcoming a series of challenges to reach his goal. A special wording "Same Team. Same Dream." was painted on the left side of the aircraft and a traditional Chinese wording "積極進取 飛越更高理想" was painted on the right side of the aircraft. On 30 July 2013, Spirit of Hong Kong made another return, this time, on a Boeing 777-300ER (B-KPB). The livery features 110 people who represent the extraordinary spirit of Hong Kong people. The livery also has the wordings "The Spirit of Hong Kong 香港精神號" The livery is actually an online contest held by Cathay Pacific to call on Hong Kong people to submit creative entries that illustrate the true spirit of the city – along with a full-body photograph of themselves. The judging panel then chose 100 winners and 10 champions – and their silhouettes have been painted on the plane.
On 5 July 2002, a Boeing 747-400 (B-HOY), named Asia's world city, carried a special livery, the "Asia's world city" brandline, the Brand Hong Kong logotype and the dragon symbol, to promote Hong Kong around the world. In January 2008, a new Boeing 777-300ER (B-KPF) was painted in the Asia's world city livery.
On 29 August 2006, the airline took delivery of its 100th aircraft, an Airbus A330-300 with the registration B-LAD. For the aircraft acceptance ceremony in Toulouse, the aircraft was painted in a 100th aircraft livery with a 60th anniversary sticker behind the second doors (2L and 2R), the wording "100th aircraft", and the traditional Chinese wording "進步精神" painted on the rear of the aircraft. The aircraft was named Progress Hong Kong, a name that was chosen from a competition by the staff.
In November 2011, Cathay received its second 747-8 Freighter (B-LJA) which was painted in the Hong Kong Trader livery. The livery was designed to commemorate the topping out of the new Cathay Pacific Cargo Terminal. The name of the livery is taken from Cathay Pacific’s very first 747 freighter which entered the fleet in 1982.
Currently, a total of three Cathay Pacific aircraft are painted in the Oneworld livery to commemorate the alliance's 10th anniversary. On 12 March 2009, Cathay Pacific's first Oneworld aircraft, an Airbus A340-300 (B-HXG), was painted in the new, standard Oneworld livery. An additional aircraft, an Airbus A330-300 (B-HLU), has also been painted in the Oneworld livery while a brand-new Boeing 777-300ER (B-KPL) was painted and delivered on 17 October 2009.
Since its conception in 1946, the airline had operated many types of aircraft. The first two aircraft were two World War II surplus Douglas DC-3s named Betsy and Niki. Betsy (VR-HDB), the first aircraft for Cathay Pacific, is now a permanent exhibit in the Hong Kong Science Museum. Niki (VR-HDA) was lost, but a similar DC-3 was purchased as a replacement. It was refurbished and repainted by the airline's Engineering Department and maintenance provider, Hong Kong Aircraft Engineering Company, and it now wears the second Cathay Pacific livery from the late 1940s. This aircraft received Niki's old VR-HDA aircraft registration and is now on public view in the car park outside the Flight Training Centre of Cathay City.
|Airbus A340-200||1996||Leased from Philippine Airlines before delivery of A340-300|
|Airbus A340-600||2009||Leased from ILFC|
|Avro Anson||1950||Two operated for the Burmese government|
|Boeing 747-200B||1997/2009||Some were converted to freighter. All 747-200s retired in 2009.|
|Boeing 747-300||2002||Five leased to Pakistan International Airlines from July 2002|
|Bristol Britannia||Leased from BOAC for a few months whilst the Electras were taken out of service due to defects|
|Consolidated PBY Catalina||1948||Two used for a few months in a joint venture in Macau Air Transport Company|
|Convair 880||1975||First jet aircraft type operated by the airline.|
|Lockheed L-1011-100 TriStar||1997||Largest operator of the type outside the United States in late 1980s and early 1990s|
|Lockheed L-188 Electra||1967|
Cathay Pacific has two loyalty programmes: The Marco Polo Club (The Club), the loyalty programme, and Asia Miles, the travel reward programme. Members of The Club are automatically enrolled as Asia Miles members.
Marco Polo Club
The Marco Polo Club is divided into four tiers, Green (entry level), Silver, Gold and Diamond, based on the member's past travel. A joining fee of US$50 or €35 is applicable for a Marco Polo Club membership. Members earn Club Miles and Club Sectors on eligible fare classes with Cathay Pacific, Dragonair and Oneworld member airlines. These are used to calculate the member's eligibility for membership renewal, upgrade or downgrade during the membership year. Higher-tiered members are provided with increased travel benefits such as guaranteed Economy Class seat, additional baggage allowance, priority flight booking and airport lounge access. The Marco Polo Club membership is terminated after 12 months of inactivity or failure to meet minimum travel criteria as outlined in the membership guide.
The Green tier is the entry level to the Marco Polo Club. Benefits include dedicated 24-hour club service line for flight reservations, designated Marco Polo check-in counters, excess baggage allowance and lounge access redemptions, and priority boarding. Members are required to earn four Club Sectors for membership renewal.
Silver tier level is achieved or retained when the member earns 30,000 Club Miles or 20 Club Sectors during the membership year. Additional benefits for Silver Card members include advance seat reservations, priority waitlisting, Business Class check-in counters, 10 kg (22 lb) extra baggage allowance, priority baggage handling and Business Class lounge access when flying Cathay Pacific or Dragonair operated flights. Additionally, members are eligible to use the Frequent Visitor e-Channels, for seamless self-service immigration clearance at Hong Kong International Airport. Marco Polo Club Silver tier status is equivalent to Oneworld Ruby tier status, which entitles members to Oneworld Ruby benefits when travelling on a Oneworld member airline.
Gold tier level is achieved or retained when the member earns 60,000 Club Miles or 40 Club Sectors during the membership year. Additional benefits for Gold Card members include guaranteed Economy Class seat on Cathay Pacific or Dragonair flights booked 72 hours before departure, 15 kg (33 lb) or one piece of extra baggage allowance, Business Class lounge access with one guest when flying Cathay Pacific or Dragonair operated flights and arrival lounge access when flying Cathay Pacific or Dragonair operated and marketed flights. Marco Polo Club Gold tier status is equivalent to Oneworld Sapphire tier status, which entitles members to Oneworld Sapphire benefits when travelling on a Oneworld member airline.
The second highest tier in the Marco Polo Club. Diamond tier level is achieved or retained when the member earns 120,000 Club Miles or 80 Club Sectors during the membership year. Additional benefits for Diamond Card members include top priority waitlisting, guaranteed Economy Class or Business Class seat on Cathay Pacific or Dragonair flights booked 24 hours before departure, First Class check-in counters, 20 kg (44 lb) or one piece of extra baggage allowance, First Priority baggage handling, First Class lounge access with two guests when flying Cathay Pacific or Dragonair operated flights and Business Class lounge access with two guests when flying on any airline. Marco Polo Club Diamond tier status is equivalent to Oneworld Emerald tier status, which entitles members to Oneworld Emerald benefits when travelling on a Oneworld member airline.
- Diamond Plus
The highest tier in the Marco Polo Club. Diamond Plus tier level offered annually to the top one percent of Diamond members worldwide "in recognition of their exceptional and consistent travel performance and their contribution to Cathay Pacific and Dragonair. Diamond Plus and Diamond members are "considered in the same tier in every aspect". However, Diamond Plus get extra perks consisting of "Nomination of one companion to the Diamond tier", and "access to CX First Class lounges regardless which airline they are flying". Marco Polo Club Diamond Plus tier status is equivalent to Oneworld Emerald tier status, which entitles members to Oneworld Emerald benefits when travelling on a Oneworld member airline.
Asia Miles was named "Best Frequent Flyer Programme" at the 2011 Business Traveller Asia-Pacific Travel Awards ceremony. Members can earn Asia Miles with more than 500 partners in 9 categories: Airlines, Hotels, Finance & Insurance, Dining & Banquets, Retail, Travel & Leisure, Cars & Transport, Telecoms and Professional Services. Members can also earn miles when shopping online through iShop which offers a variety of products and brands – from books and electronics to clothing and accessories. Members can use the miles to redeem travel, electronic items, culinary delights, concert tickets and other lifestyle awards. Miles are valid for 3 years from the date of accrual. Asia Miles membership is free and open to individuals aged two or above. 
Beginning in 2007, Cathay Pacific launched more methods to check in for flights. Among them were self-check-in using a kiosk at Hong Kong International Airport and other select destinations and checking in via a mobile phone. Worldwide, only a limited number[clarification needed] of other airlines offer these options. Cathay Pacific also launched the airline's first ever mobile boarding pass application, dubbed CX Mobile. Passengers can use the application to check flight arrivals and departures, check in for their flights, and read about the destinations they are flying to using City Guides. CX Mobile has become a hit with passengers, making Cathay Pacific one of the industry leaders in offering mobile services to users of smart phones.
Cathay Pacific is also now following a trend among many airlines to improve its brand image to customers and shareholders with social media, and is ranked fourth worldwide. The airline now utilises a range of social media tools including Facebook, Flickr, Twitter, YouTube and blogging to share ideas with customers. In addition, it has launched a virtual tour to enable passengers to experience Cathay Pacific's new cabins and services without having to step aboard the aircraft.
As of 4 January 2011[update], the cargo division of the airline, Cathay Pacific Cargo, has become the first airline operating out of Hong Kong to fully switch to e-air waybill. This eliminates the need for all paper documents when issuing air waybills. The International Air Transport Association (IATA) selected nine countries and territories and airlines in which to run the e-AWB pilot programme, including Hong Kong and Cathay Pacific.
Cathay Pacific has been phasing in new cabin interiors and in-flight entertainment since June 2011. The first aircraft with the new seats is an Airbus A330-300 registered B-LAN, which flew its first commercial flight as Cathay Pacific Flight 101 between Hong Kong and Sydney on 1 April 2012.
The first-class seats can be converted into fully lie-flat beds measuring 36 in × 81 in (91 cm × 206 cm). The seats include a massage function, a personal closet, an ottoman for stowage or guest seating, and adjustable 17 in (43 cm), 16:9 personal televisions (PTV).
After receiving extensive criticism for its high-walled herring-bone configuration business class seating on long-haul flights, which many passengers felt was too narrow and confined, Cathay Pacific embarked on a total redesign of business class seating. The new design is more conventional, emphasising the passenger's sense of personal space while also retaining privacy.
The new business class seats will be fitted into all new Airbus A330-300 and Boeing 777-300ER deliveries, with existing A330-300 and 777-300ER aircraft to be upgraded to the new seating and cabin by February 2013. However, the Boeing 747-400 and Airbus A340-300 aircraft will not be upgraded to the new seating and cabin due to the impending retirement of those planes; instead they will see a refresh of the old herringbone product. The new business class seats emphasise personal space and are equipped with a 15.4 in (39 cm) PTV with AVOD.
The new Regional Business Class is provided on Cathay Pacific's Boeing 777s (excluding the 777-300ER) and selected Airbus A330-300s. Regional Business Class seats have 21 in (53 cm) width and recline to 47 in (120 cm) of pitch and feature electrical recline and leg rest. A 12 in (30 cm) PTV is located in the seatback offers AVOD.
Premium Economy class
Cathay Pacific has been introducing a Premium Economy Class from March 2012. The seat pitch will be 38 inches – six inches more than Economy Class – and the seat itself will be wider and have a bigger recline. It will have a large meal table, cocktail table, footrest, a 10.6-inch personal television, an in-seat power outlet, a multi-port connector for personal devices, and extra personal stowage space.The Premium Economy Class seat offers a higher level of comfort with more living space in a separate cabin before the Economy Class zone. Passengers will also receive an "environmentally friendly" amenity kit with dental kit, socks and eyeshade for use during the journey. Larger pillows and noise-cancelling headsets will be provided. The new Premium Economy cabin will be installed on most Cathay Pacific long-haul aircraft. The first Boeing 777-300ER and Airbus A330-300 featuring Premium Economy Class has entered into service in March (substituting for regional aircraft) and scheduled service in April.
Starting in October 2012, the airline collaborated with Hong Kong lifestyle store G.O.D. and introduced a new range of amenity kits for premium economy passengers. They are designed as collectibles with each bag being able to hook up to each other to form a wall-hanging accessory. The first two available are 'Joy' and 'Fortune, with designs that depicts Chinese gods relaxing in flight and of auspicious clouds respectively. The two types are available on outbound and inbound flights respectively. They include 90% recycled plastic bottles and toothbrush made mainly from biodegradable corn starch and cellulose.
Cathay Pacific has been introducing a new economy class from March 2012. They have a six-inch recline (two inches over the current long-haul economy seat). These seats are 17.5 in (44 cm) in width and have 32 in (81 cm) of pitch.
The old Economy Class seats, offered on aircraft outfitted with the refurbished long-haul interiors, were designed by B/E Aerospace and introduced in July 2008. These seats include a fixed back design (shell) that allows passengers to recline without intruding on those seated behind, a 9 in (23 cm) PTV providing AVOD, AC power located behind a larger tray table, a coat hook and a literature pocket that has been relocated to below the seat cushion to create more leg room. The fixed shell of these seats has been criticised. The previous Economy Class seats each feature 6 in (15 cm) PTVs with a choice of 25 channels. These seats are 17 in (43 cm) in width and have 32 in (81 cm) of pitch. These seats are being replaced with the New Economy Class seats on aircraft receiving the Cathay Pacific's new long-haul interior configuration.
StudioCX, Cathay Pacific's in-flight entertainment system, equipped with personal televisions (PTVs) in every seat, offers the latest Hollywood blockbuster movies, popular Asian and Western TV programmes, music and games. In addition, the airline provides a range of different newspapers and magazines from around the world, including the airline's award-winning in-flight magazine Discovery. Passengers with visual impairment can request for Hong Kong's South China Morning Post in Braille to be available on board.
StudioCX provides Audio/Video On Demand (AVOD) for every passenger and offers up to 100 movies, 350 TV programmes, 888 CD albums in 24 different genres, 22 radio channels and more than 70 interactive games. Panasonic's eX2 system is installed on aircraft, and is available on all aircraft.
Food and beverages are complimentary for all long-haul passengers, with two hot meals generally served on each flight even in economy, and with free alcoholic beverages. Foods served on flights from Hong Kong are provided by Cathay Pacific Catering Services (CPCS) facilities in Hong Kong. CLS Catering Services Limited, a joint venture with LSG Sky Chefs, provides the inflight catering from Toronto and Vancouver airports; while Vietnam Air Caterers, a joint venture between CPCS and Vietnam Airlines, provides the inflight catering for flights from Ho Chi Minh City.
Incidents and accidents
- On 16 July 1948, Miss Macao, a Cathay Pacific-subsidiary-operated Consolidated PBY-5A Catalina (VR-HDT) from Macau to Hong Kong was hijacked by four men, who killed the pilot after take-off. The aircraft crashed in the Pearl River Delta near Zhuhai. Twenty-six people died, leaving only one survivor, a hijacker. This was the first hijacking of a commercial airliner in the world.
- On 24 February 1949, a Cathay Pacific Douglas DC-3 (VR-HDG) from Manila to Hong Kong, crashed near Braemar Reservoir after a go-around in poor weather. All 23 people on board died.
- On 13 September 1949, a Cathay Pacific Douglas DC-3 (VR-HDW) departing from Anisakan, Burma, crashed on take-off when the right hand main gear leg collapsed. There were no reported fatalities.
- On 23 July 1954, a Cathay Pacific Douglas DC-4 (VR-HEU) from Bangkok to Hong Kong was shot down by aircraft of the People's Liberation Army Air Force in the South China Sea near Hainan Island. Ten people died, leaving nine survivors. After the incident, Cathay Pacific received an apology and compensation from the People's Liberation Army Air Force. It was apparently mistaken for a Nationalist Chinese military aircraft.
- On 18 September 1963, Cathay Pacific Flight 34 overran the runway at Kuala Lumpur International Airport, causing 3 deaths, including one crew member. The aircraft was written-off.
- On 5 November 1967, Cathay Pacific Flight 33, operated by a Convair 880 (VR-HFX) from Hong Kong to Saigon, overran the runway at Kai Tak Airport. One person was killed and the aircraft was written-off.
- On 15 June 1972, Cathay Pacific Flight 700Z, operated by a Convair 880 (VR-HFZ) from Bangkok to Hong Kong, disintegrated and crashed while the aircraft was flying at 29,000 feet (8,800 m) over Pleiku, Vietnam after a bomb exploded in a suitcase placed under a seat in the cabin, killing all 81 people on board.
- On 13 April 2010, Cathay Pacific Flight 780, an Airbus A330-342 from Surabaya Juanda International Airport to Hong Kong landed safely after both engines failed due to contaminated fuel. 57 passengers were injured. Its two pilots received the Polaris Award from the International Federation of Air Line Pilots' Associations, for their heroism and airmanship.
- List of airlines of Hong Kong
- List of airports in Hong Kong
- List of companies of Hong Kong
- Macau Air Transport Company - subsidiary from 1948 to 1961
- Transport in Hong Kong
- Mutzabaugh, Ben (14 December 2010). "U.S., European airlines no longer world's biggest, IATA says". USA Today. Retrieved 15 November 2011.
- Denslow, Neil (26 January 2011). "Cathay Pacific, Hong Kong Airport Become Biggest for Freight". Businessweek. Archived from the original on 17 April 2011. Retrieved 22 February 2013.
- "Cathay Pacific – World's Best Airline 2014".
- "History – Those Were the Days". Cathay Pacific. Retrieved 2 April 2009.
- Limited-Company-History.html "Cathay Pacific Limited". FundingUniverse. Retrieved 9 July 2009.[dead link]
- "Airline Profile – Cathay Pacific". Flight International. Reed Business Information. Retrieved 9 July 2009.
- "Cathay Pacific sees opportunity in Shenzhen". , Air Highways. Retrieved 8 March 2006.
- "Cathay Pacific Shines as 2014 Airline of the Year". Retrieved 21 May 2015.
- "Directory: World Airlines". Flight International. 3 April 2007. p. 62.
- "Fact Sheet – Major Shareholders". Cathay Pacific. Retrieved 9 July 2009.
- Young, Gavin (1988). Beyond Lion Rock. Hutchinson. p. 117. ISBN 978-0-09-173724-5.
- "History – New Horizons". Cathay Pacific. Retrieved 21 June 2009.
- "List of listed companies on Main Board" (PDF). Hong Kong Exchanges and Clearing. 2006. p. 225. Retrieved 9 July 2009.[dead link]
- "History – Year 1990–1994". Dragonair. Retrieved 9 July 2009.
- "History – Air Hong Kong". Air Hong Kong. Retrieved 9 July 2009.
- "History – A Change of Image". Cathay Pacific. Retrieved 9 July 2009.
- "Cathay Pacific takes to the sky with new logo." New Sunday Times/New Straits Times. Thursday 15 September 1994. Page 18. Retrieved from Google News (10 of 51) on 9 December 2011.
- "Hong Kong – A New Era – Civil Aviation". Hong Kong SAR Government. Retrieved 2 July 2009.
- "Cathay Pacific – Picture of the Boeing 747-267B aircraft at Vancouver". Airliners.net. Retrieved 24 May 2009.
- "Cathay Pacific – Picture of the Boeing 747-267B aircraft at Hong Kong". Airliners.net. Retrieved 24 May 2009.
- "Boeing and Cathay Pacific Airways Celebrate First 777-300 Delivery" (Press release). Boeing. 21 May 1998. Retrieved 5 September 2009.[dead link]
- "Fact Sheet – Oneworld". Cathay Pacific. Retrieved 2 July 2009.
- "Cathay Pacific posts record annual profit for 2000" (Press release). Cathay Pacific. 7 March 2001. Retrieved 2 July 2009.
- "Commemorative certificate for first-day passengers" (Press release). Airport Authority Hong Kong. 5 July 1998. Retrieved 5 July 2009.
- "Cathay Pacific's non-stop New York flight 'strengthens Hong Kong's hub'" (Press release). Cathay Pacific. 11 June 2004. Retrieved 5 July 2009.
- "Hon Antony Leung tours 1st Cathay Pacific Airbus A340-600" (Press release). Cathay Pacific. 28 November 2002. Retrieved 5 September 2009.
- "Boeing Statement on Cathay Pacific Airways 777-300ER Selection" (Press release). Boeing. 1 December 2005. Retrieved 4 July 2009.[dead link]
- "Boeing, Cathay Pacific Airways Finalize Agreement for Additional 777-300ERs" (Press release). Boeing. 1 June 2006. Retrieved 4 July 2009.[dead link]
- "Cathay Pacific Places Biggest Ever Order For New Aircraft" (Press release). Cathay Pacific. 1 December 2005. Retrieved 11 July 2009.
- "Cathay Pacific Airways Orders Five Additional Boeing 777-300ERs" (Press release). Boeing. 7 August 2007. Retrieved 4 July 2009.[dead link]
- "Pilots' work-to-rule causing delays at Cathay Pacific". Kyodo News International, Inc. 4 July 2001. Retrieved 4 September 2009.
- Hopkins, George E. (May–June 2002). "Cathay Pacific Pilots on the Brink" (PDF). Air Line Pilot. p. 20. Retrieved 4 July 2009.
- Hong Kong Legal Reference System (26 September 2012). "FACV No. 13 of 2011". p. 35.
- "History – Into the New Millennium". Cathay Pacific. Retrieved 9 July 2009.
- "Cathay, Air China Deal Enables Dragonair Purchase". Business Travel News. Retrieved 28 July 2009.[dead link]
- "Dragonair to more than double size of cargo fleet by end-2008" (Press release). Dragonair. 6 May 2004. Retrieved 4 July 2009.
- "Dragonair gets green light for Sydney/Hong Kong services". Travel Weekly (Reed Business Information). 19 April 2004. Retrieved 4 July 2009.[dead link]
- "Fast Facts – Number of Staff". Dragonair. Retrieved 4 July 2009.
- "Cathay Pacific takes 60th Anniversary Skyshow On the road" (Press release). Cathay Pacific. 20 May 2006. Retrieved 4 July 2009.
- "Major International Airlines Agree to Plead Guilty and Pay Criminal Fines Totaling More Than $500 Million for Fixing Prices on Air Cargo Rates" (Press release). United States Department of Justice. 26 June 2008. Retrieved 4 July 2009.
- "Announcement Plea Agreement with United States Department of Justice" (PDF) (Press release). Cathay Pacific. 26 June 2008. Retrieved 4 September 2009.
- Leung, Wendy (11 March 2009). "Cathay Pacific to delay planes, review routes on loss". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved 19 August 2009.
- Chan, Sue Ling (15 April 2009). "Cathay, Singapore Face Tough Decisions". Bloomberg L. P. Retrieved 20 August 2009.
- Akkermans, Joost; Leung, Wendy (17 March 2009). "Cathay Pacific's Tyler doesn't expect recovery soon". Bloomberg L. P. Retrieved 19 August 2009.
- "Cathay Pacific last year, a record profit of 14 billion Hong Kong dollars". Chinahourly. Retrieved 23 October 2011.[dead link]
- "Cathay Pacific announces senior management changes". Cathaypacific.com. Retrieved 23 October 2011.
- Rutherford, Hamish (28 April 2011). "Commission drops some airline charges". Stuff. New Zealand. Retrieved 23 September 2011.
- "Hong Kong". Cathay Pacific. Retrieved 8 September 2010. "Address Head Office: Cathay Pacific City, 8 Scenic Road, Hong Kong International Airport, Lantau, Hong Kong Registered office: 33rd Floor, One Pacific Place, 88 Queensway, Hong Kong"
- "主頁 > 聯絡我們 > 環球聯絡 > 香港." Cathay Pacific. Retrieved 7 November 2011. "香港 地址 總辦事處： 香港大嶼山香港國際機場觀景路8號國泰城 公司註冊： 香港金鐘道88號太古廣場一座33樓"
- Walker, Karen. "Hangover cure." Airline Business at Flight International. 1 December 1997. Retrieved 7 November 2011.
- "Cathay Pacific wins award for providing a smoke-free workplace at its Hong Kong Headquarters" (Press release). Cathay Pacific. 6 January 2005. Retrieved 2 July 2009.
- "World Airline Directory" (PDF). Flight International. 30 March 1985. p. 68. Retrieved 17 June 2009. "Head Office: Swire House, 9 Connaught Road, C, Hong Kong"
- "Aviation Hong Kong". Swire Pacific. Archived from the original on 25 June 2008. Retrieved 3 April 2010.
- "MARKETING Rx: Right corporate brand equity for service firm". Inquirer. Retrieved 13 September 2009.[dead link]
- Tsui, Vincent. Missing or empty
- "Meet Our Team". Cathay Pacific. Retrieved 22 August 2009.
- "History – A Change of Image". Cathay Pacific. Retrieved 4 July 2009.
- "Brand Overview – Background to Brand Hong Kong". Brand Hong Kong. Government of Hong Kong. August 2007. Archived from the original on 27 May 2009. Retrieved 4 July 2009.
- "Primary Signature" (PDF). Brand Hong Kong. Government of Hong Kong. February 2003. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 January 2007. Retrieved 4 July 2009.
- "Fact Sheet – Routes and Destinations". Cathay Pacific. Retrieved 16 June 2009.
- "Destinations". Cathay Pacific. Retrieved 2 July 2009.
- "Alliances and Partnerships". Cathay Pacific. Retrieved 4 September 2009.
- "Cathay Pacific expands its network in North America with Alaska Airlines code-share". Cathaypacific.com. 2006-04-21. Retrieved 2013-03-10.
- Customers to benefit from Cathay Pacific / Qatar Airways strategic agreement between Hong Kong and Doha. Cathaypacific.com. Retrieved on 2014-05-16.
- "Our airline partners". Westjet.com. Retrieved 23 October 2011.
- "New HKSAR/France air services arrangement provides new code-share opportunities" (Press release). Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. 17 June 2004. Retrieved 2 July 2009.
- Cathay Pacific Fleet at ch-aviation.ch
- 13 February 2014. "Cathay Pacific Fleet in Planespotters.net". planespotters.net. Retrieved 2014-02-13.
- CAPA (2014-07-04). CAPA http://centreforaviation.com/news/cathay-pacific-sets-up-interdepartmental-team-to-ensure-smooth-delivery-of-a350-in-feb-2016-351520. Retrieved 2014.07.011. Check date values in:
|accessdate=(help); Missing or empty
- "Cathay orders 21 777-9Xs". Flightglobal.com. Retrieved 20 December 2013.
- "Boeing and Cathay Pacific Airways Announce Order for 21 777-9Xs". Boeing. Retrieved 20 December 2013.
- "Boeing and Cathay Pacific Announce Order for 10 747-8Fs and Seven 777-300ERs" (Press release). Boeing. 8 November 2007. Retrieved 4 July 2009.[dead link]
- Cheung, Clare; Shen, Irene (8 November 2007). NJawQ&refer=china "Cathay Pacific Orders 17 Boeing Jets on China Growth (Update3)". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved 11 July 2009.
- "Cathay Pacific Group fleet to number 200 in five years with latest aircraft order" (Press release). Cathay Pacific. 6 December 2007. Retrieved 4 July 2009.
- "Cathay Pacific: no plans for 787 or A380". ABCmoney. co. uk. 30 October 2007. Retrieved 4 July 2009.
- Rothwell, Steve (8 June 2010). "Cathay, Air France-KLM Embrace Airbags as Safety Rules Tighten". Bloomberg.
- "Cathay Pacific stays on the course of expansion". Aspire Aviation. Retrieved 6 August 2012.
- "Cathay Pacific Fleet of A340 (Stored) | Airfleets aviation". Airfleets.net. Retrieved 2013-03-10.
- Cheng, Wing-Gar (4 August 2010). "Cathay Pacific Orders 36 Planes After Profit Beats Expectations". Bloomberg. Retrieved 4 August 2010.[dead link]
- "AFP: Cathay Pacific orders 27 Airbus and Boeing planes". Google. 8 March 2011. Retrieved 23 October 2011.
- "Cathay Pacific continues fleet modernisation and growth with latest Boeing order". Cathaypacific.com. Retrieved 2012-06-26.
- "Cathay Pacific inks deal for six more A350-900s". Flightglobal. Retrieved 20 January 2012.
- "Astride its volcano, Cathay Pacific's A350-1000 order is one more important long term measure". CAPA. Retrieved 6 August 2012.
- "Cathay Pacific to launch Premium Economy on 777-300ER from March 2012". Airline Route. Retrieved 20 August 2011.
- "Cathay Pacific to launch Premium Economy on A330-300 from March 2012". Airline Route. Retrieved 22 August 2011.
- "Cathay Pacific to Launch 4-class Boeing 777-300ER from September 2012". Airline Route. Retrieved 1 March 2012.
- "Cathay Pacific to Launch Premium Economy on Boeing 747 from June 2012". Airline Route. Retrieved 1 March 2012.
- "Cathay Pacific S12 Planned New Inflight Product Operation as of 09JAN12". Airline Route. Retrieved 1 March 2012.
- "Cathay Pacific Cargo". Cathay Pacific Cargo. Retrieved 2 September 2009.[dead link]
- "World Airline Report – The World's Top 25 Airlines 2008". Air Transport World (Penton Media). July 2009.
- "Cathay Pacific announces additional aircraft order". Cathay Pacific. 27 December 2013. Retrieved 27 December 2013.
- "First 747-400 Boeing Converted Freighter Takes Flight". Boeing. 2005-10-05. Retrieved 2013-03-10.[dead link]
- "Major Transaction – Purchase of 6 Boeing 747-400ERF Freighters" (PDF) (Press release). Cathay Pacific. 29 June 2006. Retrieved 5 July 2009.
- "PICTURES: Cathay Pacific takes delivery of its first Boeing 747-8F". Flight International. 1 November 2011. Retrieved 2012-06-26.
- "Airport Authority Awards New Cargo Terminal Franchise to Cathay Pacific Services Limited" (Press release). Airport Authority Hong Kong. 18 March 2008. Retrieved 4 July 2009.
- "Agreement on deferral of completion of third cargo terminal" (Press release). Cathay Pacific. 15 January 2009. Retrieved 4 July 2009.
- "Project Page: Hong Kong International Airport – Cathay Pacific Cargo Terminal". Aedas.com.[dead link]
- "Cathay Pacific B-HIB Photo Search Result". Airliners.net. Retrieved 4 July 2009.
- "Cathay Pacific Welcomes Arrival of New "Spirit of Hong Kong"" (Press release). Cathay Pacific. 17 January 2000. Retrieved 4 July 2009.
- "Cathay Pacific – Picture of the Boeing 747–467 aircraft – Right". Airliners.net. Retrieved 4 July 2009.
- "Cathay Pacific – Picture of the Boeing 747–467 aircraft – Left". Airliners.net. Retrieved 4 July 2009.
- "Cathay Pacific holds Open Day for "Asia's World City" Aircraft" (Press release). Cathay Pacific. 5 July 2002. Retrieved 4 July 2009.
- "Cathay Pacific B-KPF Photo Search Results". Airliners.net. Retrieved 4 July 2009.
- "Cathay Pacific's 100th Aircraft Greets the Past" (Press release). Cathay Pacific. 1 September 2006. Retrieved 4 July 2009.
- "Cathay Pacific B-LAD Picture of the Airbus A330-343X aircraft". Airliners.net. Retrieved 4 July 2009.
- "Cathay Pacific celebrates Oneworld 10th anniversary with first aircraft in alliance livery" (Press release). Cathay Pacific. 12 March 2009. Retrieved 23 June 2009.
- "Oneworld (Cathay Pacific Airways) Pictures & Photos". Airliners.net. Retrieved 23 June 2009.
- "Cathay Pacific Airways 's Photos – Wall Photos". Cathay Pacific. Retrieved 19 October 2009.
- "Vintage Aircraft Brings the Past Alive at Cathay Pacific Headquarter's in Airlines 60th Anniversary Year" (Press release). Cathay Pacific. 5 September 2006. Retrieved 4 July 2009.
- "Cathay Pacific fleet". airfleets.net. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
- "The Cathay Pacific Fleet". Cathay Pacific. October 1996. Archived from the original on 4 February 1997. Retrieved 23 July 2009.
- 馮志亮, 劉伯智, 胡淑芬, 王百賦, 劉俊輝, 龐德礎, 江桐林, 翹首振翅：香港機師手記 (Hong Kong: ET Press, 2004), pp. 188–189.
- Danny C.Y. Chan, Hong Kong Aircraft Handbook (Hong Kong: Northcord Transport, 1996).
- Günter Endres, Major Airlines of the World (Second Edition) (Shrewsbury: Airlife, 2002), p. 53.
- "FS2004 Lockheed L-1011 TriStar Cathay Pacific Update Package". fsplanet.com. Retrieved 25 July 2009.[dead link]
- "The Marco Polo Club". Cathay Pacific. Retrieved 3 July 2009.
- "The Marco Polo Club – Terms and Conditions". Cathay Pacific. Retrieved 3 July 2009.
- "Club Benefits". Cathay Pacific. Retrieved 3 July 2009.
- "Cathay Pacific and Dragonair’s frequent flyers enjoy faster immigration clearance through Frequent Visitor e-Channels" (Press release). Cathay Pacific. 14 September 2009. Retrieved 14 September 2009.
- "Diamond Plus Tier" (Press release). 12 August 2010. Retrieved 23 October 2011.
- "2011 Business Traveller Asia-Pacific Awards". Business Traveller Asia. Retrieved 2012-06-26.
- "Asia Miles". Cathay Pacific. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
- "Asia Miles – Terms and Conditions". Asia Miles Limited. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
- "About Mobile Check-In". Cathay Pacific. Retrieved 2 September 2009.
- Ko, Carol (22 January 2009). "Check-in on Cathay Pacific with mobile phones". MIS Asia. Retrieved 2 September 2009.[dead link]
- "Cathay Pacific emerges as industry leader with new mobile application" (Press release). Cathay Pacific. 1 September 2009. Retrieved 2 September 2009.
- "Cathay Pacific Blog". Cathay Pacific. Retrieved 22 August 2009.
- "Experience Cathay Pacific without stepping on the plane". Shashank Nigam. Retrieved 22 August 2009.
- "Cathay Pacific rolls out electronic air waybills in Hong Kong, marking important step in transition to e-freight". Cathaypacific.com. 2006-04-21. Retrieved 2013-03-10.
- "First Class". Cathay Pacific. Retrieved 4 July 2009.
- "Your Guide to the First Class Suite" (PDF). Cathay Pacific. Retrieved 4 July 2009.
- "Cathay Pacific » B747-400 (new product)". seatplan.com. Panacea Publishing International Ltd. Retrieved 23 October 2011.
- "Regional Business Class". Cathay Pacific. Retrieved 4 July 2009.
- "Regional Business Class – Entertainment and Cuisine". Cathay Pacific. Retrieved 4 July 2009.
- "Business Class Comparison Chart". seatguru.com. TripAdvisor LLC. Archived from the original on 15 June 2008. Retrieved 4 July 2009.
- Drescher, Cynthia (24 October 2012). "Cathay Pacific's Amenity Kits are Down with G.O.D.". Jaunted (Condé Nast). Retrieved 19 November 2012.
- "Cathay Pacific unveils new inflight amenity kits designed by G.O.D for premium and economy class passengers". Incentive Travel & Corporate Meetings. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
- "New Economy Class". Cathay Pacific. Retrieved 4 July 2009.
- "Cathay Pacific A330 International Economy Seat Chart". Airreview. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- "Cathay, Air France Add Airbags as Crash Rules Tighten". Bloomberg. 9 June 2010. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- "Cathay Pacific - Reviews - Fleet, Aircraft, Seats & Cabin comfort - Opinions with pictures". Airreview.com. Retrieved 2013-06-29.
- "Cathay Pacific Airways Limited – 2007 Interim Report" (PDF). Cathay Pacific. 2007. p. 5. Retrieved 11 July 2009.
- "Reading Materials". Cathay Pacific. Retrieved 4 July 2009.
- "Cathay Pacific IFE". Airreview. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- "Aircraft and Fleet". Retrieved 14 July 2014. The "New Regional Product" includes StudioCX.
- "Cathay Pacific Inflight service". Airreview. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- "Cathay Pacific Catering Services – Customers". Cathay Pacific Catering Services. Retrieved 3 July 2009.
- "LSG Sky Chefs – Toronto (YYZ)". LSG Sky Chefs. LSG Lufthansa Service Holding AG. Retrieved 3 July 2009.
- "LSG Sky Chefs – Vancouver (YVR)". LSG Sky Chefs. LSG Lufthansa Service Holding AG. Retrieved 3 July 2009.
- "Our Airline Customers – Customer List". VN/CX Catering Services Ltd. Archived from the original on 22 February 2008. Retrieved 3 July 2009.
- "Hijacking description – Cosnsolidated PBY-5A Catalina VR-HDT". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 2 July 2009.
- "Accident description – Douglas C-47A-90-DL VR-HDG". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 2 July 2009.
- "Accident description – Douglas C-47A-30-DK VR-HDW". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
- Kebabjian, Richard. "Accident details – Douglas DC-4 VR-HEU". planecrashinfo.com. Retrieved 2 July 2009.
- "ASN Aircraft accident Convair CV-880-22M-3 VR-HFX Hong Kong-Kai Tak International Airport (HKG)". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
- "Criminal Occurrence description – Convair CV-880-22M-21 VR-HFZ". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 2 July 2009.
- "Pilots reveal death-defying ordeal as engines failed on approach to Chek Lap Kok". South China Morning Post. 20 April 2014. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
- Media related to Cathay Pacific at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website
- Cathay Pacific Cargo
- Cathay Pacific Premium Economy
- Cathay Pacific for Business
- Route Map
- Swire Group[dead link]