Cathedral Church of Saint Andrew (Honolulu)
St. Andrew's Cathedral
St. Andrew's Cathedral from Queen Emma Street
|Location||Beretania Street (Queen Emma Square), Honolulu, Hawaii|
|Area||7 acres (2.8 ha)|
|Governing body||Episcopal Church|
|Part of||Hawaii Capital Historic District (#78001020)|
|NRHP Reference #||73000663|
|Added to NRHP||July 2, 1973|
The Cathedral Church of Saint Andrew, also commonly known as St. Andrew's Cathedral, is a cathedral of the Episcopal Church in the United States located in the State of Hawaii. Originally the seat of the Anglican Church of Hawaii, it is now the home of the bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Hawaii.
Kamehameha IV and Queen Emma, his queen consort, were devout members of the Church of England led by their good friend Queen Victoria. At their request, Thomas Nettleship Staley was appointed bishop in 1862. Inspired to build a place of worship in the Anglican tradition, Kamehameha IV commissioned the construction of what would later become the Cathedral of Saint Andrew. However, the king died on the feast day of Saint Andrew in 1863 before ground-breaking. Kamehameha V, the king's brother, took over the project and laid the cornerstone in honor of his predecessor on March 5, 1867. The cathedral was designed by the London architects William Slater and R. H. Carpenter, and the building process was overseen by their chief assistant Benjamin Ingelow.
The Cathedral of Saint Andrew was built in the French Gothic architectural style, shipped in several pre-fabricated pieces from England. The western facade has a window of hand-blown stained glass that reaches from the floor to the eaves, depicting the European explorers that visited the Hawaiian islands.
There are only three other cathedrals in the Hawaiian Islands — Cathedral Basilica of Our Lady of Peace, Saints Constantine and Helen Greek Orthodox Cathedral of the Pacific of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America and the Co-Cathedral of Saint Theresa of the Child Jesus of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Honolulu.
It is located on Queen Emma Street, between Beretania Street and Queen Emma Square. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places listings in Oahu on July 2, 1973 as site 73000663.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
- Robert. M. Fox and Dorothy Riconda (September 18, 1972). "nomination form" (PDF). National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-01-29.
- Sacred Spaces: History in the North Pacific Tropics, Cathedral of Saint Andrew, Honolulu, retrieved 19 November 2012
- Allen, John (28 March 2013). "Architects and Artists I–J–K". Sussex Parish Churches website. Sussex Parish Churches (www.sussexparishchurches.org). Archived from the original on 16 May 2013. Retrieved 16 May 2013.