Cathedral Church of St. Paul (Detroit)

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Cathedral Church of St. Paul Complex
Cathedral Church of Saint Paul.jpg
Cathedral Church of Saint Paul
Location 4800 Woodward Avenue
Detroit, Michigan
Coordinates 42°21′22.43″N 83°3′49.66″W / 42.3562306°N 83.0637944°W / 42.3562306; -83.0637944Coordinates: 42°21′22.43″N 83°3′49.66″W / 42.3562306°N 83.0637944°W / 42.3562306; -83.0637944
Built 1907-8
Architect Ralph A. Cram
Architectural style Late Gothic Revival, Other
Governing body Private
MPS Religious Structures of Woodward Ave. TR
NRHP Reference # 82002893[1]
Added to NRHP August 3, 1982

The Cathedral Church of St. Paul is the cathedral church of the Episcopal Diocese of Michigan. In 1824 its congregation formed as the first Episcopal and first Protestant church in Michigan Territory.

Designed by noted architect Ralph Adams Cram and constructed in 1907, this building is located at 4800 Woodward Avenue in Midtown Detroit, Michigan, adjacent to the campus of Wayne State University. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1982.[1]

History[edit]

The parish of St. Paul was founded in 1824, by the Rev. Richard Fish Cadle, as the first Episcopal and the first Protestant congregation in the then Michigan Territory.[2] The original site of St. Paul’s church was on Woodward Avenue, between Congress and Larned. In 1851 the church moved to the corner of Congress at Shelby.

The funeral service for Henry Ford, the entrepreneur who catalyzed development of the automobile industry in Detroit, was held at Cathedral Church of St. Paul on Thursday April 9, 1947.[3] Mourners passed by at a rate of 5,000 each hour at the public viewing the day before at Greenfield Village in Dearborn. At the funeral service, 20,000 people stood outside the Cathedral Church of St. Paul in the rain with 600 inside,[3] while the funeral had attracted national attention as an estimated seven million people mourned his death.[4]

Architecture[edit]

The current building, designed by renowned church architect Ralph Adams Cram, dates from 1907. It remains unfinished, the bell tower never having been completed. The church is built of limestone, using medieval construction techniques, with no supporting steel superstructure.[2] The building boasts soaring, pointed arches, wide expanses of stained glass, and elaborate tracery, exemplary of Gothic architecture. It includes a large architectural installation of Pewabic Pottery. In 1912 it was designated as the cathedral of the diocese.

Significance[edit]

St. Paul's Cathedral is a fine example of the Late Gothic Revival, an architectural style popular in the early years of the 20th century.[5] American architects of the mid-19th century imported and re-interpreted the English Gothic Revival style, based on the visually lush details of Medieval cathedrals.[6] This was the period of the Oxford Movement in England, which also influenced Episcopal clergy and congregations in the United States to commission revivals of Medieval styles. American architects copied the "Gothic" elements and combined them with simple building plans to create an American architectural style known as "Victorian Gothic." The Fort Street Presbyterian Church, built in 1876 in Detroit, is a premier example of early Victorian Gothic architecture.[6]

In contrast, in the early 20th century more American architects attended new schools at M.I.T. and Columbia, or traveled to France for training at the École des Beaux-Arts.[5] These architects, including Ralph A. Cram, believed that Gothic architecture should be developed from, rather than simply copy, the architecture of Medieval churches. St. Paul's Cathedral is one of Cram's major early projects, one that defines his "Late Gothic Revival" style.

Present use[edit]

The current dean is the Very Reverend S. Scott Hunter, formerly Canon to the Ordinary of the Diocese of Michigan.[7] The cathedral coordinates programming with the Detroit Cultural Center.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. 
  2. ^ a b History page from the Cathedral Church of St. Paul
  3. ^ a b Lochbiler, Don (July 22, 1997).'I Think Mr. Ford is Leaving Us'. Michigan History, The Detroit News
  4. ^ According to A&E Biography
  5. ^ a b Cathedral Church Of St. Paul from the National Park Service
  6. ^ a b Fort Street Presbyterian Church from the National Park Service
  7. ^ Clergy from the Cathedral Church of St. Paul

Further reading[edit]

  • Hill, Eric J. and John Gallagher (2002). AIA Detroit: The American Institute of Architects Guide to Detroit Architecture. Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-3120-3. 

External links[edit]