Cathedral Parish of Saint Patrick (El Paso, Texas)
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (December 2011)|
|Cathedral Parish and School|
|Roman Catholic Diocese of El Paso|
|Patron:||St Patrick, Patron of Ireland|
|Date of Foundation:||8 April 1914 - 12 November 1916|
|Style:||Historism, Romanesque Revival|
|Rector:||Rev Richard A Matty|
|Bishop:||Sede vacante |
The Cathedral Parish of St Patrick is the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of El Paso, Texas. It is located at 1118 N. Mesa St., north of the downtown area. As of 2013[update] this seat was vacant as the previous bishop, Armando Xavier Ochoa, was named as bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Fresno, California, on 1 December 2011 . The cathedral is the mother church for 668,000 Catholics in the diocese (as of the 2006 survey), and also operates one of El Paso's Catholic high schools, Cathedral High School, and St Patrick Elementary School adjacent to the church.
The church was designed by Barnett, Haynes & Barnett, an architectural firm from St Louis, Missouri. It was built in the form of a Byzantine basilica, in the Italian Renaissance style. In raising funds for the cathedral's construction, the diocese offered to allow the first group to raise $10,000 for the project to name the new cathedral. A group of Irish Catholic women met the challenge and chose St. Patrick as patron. At the time El Paso was a major center of the mining industry in the southwestern United States and northern Mexico, with many of the miners being Irish. The ground was broken on 8 April 1914 and the church and the cornerstone were blessed in a ceremony by Fr Edward Barry on 12 November 1916. The interior of the cathedral is adorned with Roman columns, elaborate frescoes that depict biblical scenes and the Stations of the Cross are carved in bas-relief on the interior walls. The high altar contains a 2.5-meter-tall statue of the Sacred Heart of Jesus with a large canopy over the altar, topped with a golden eagle. The church seats about 800 people for Mass. In alcoves along the walls there are a picture of Our Lady of Guadalupe and a life-size classical sculpture of St Patrick. The stained-glass windows depict scenes from the life of Jesus and the Church.
Saint Peter of Jesus Maldonado and the Cathedral
Because of the anticlerical laws due to the Mexican Constitution of 1917 and the Mexican Revolution, the Catholic Church was increasingly suppressed by the governments of Presidents Alvaro Obregon and Plutarco Calles. Involvement in politics, freedom of worship and redress of grievances were severely curtailed and even denied to bishops, priests, deacons and Catholic laity. Even prior to the end of the revolution, from 1914 to 1918, those aspiring to be priests found it impossible to study in Mexico, and studied abroad, usually in the United States, mostly in cities close to the U.S.-Mexican border.
El Paso was especially popular because of its closeness to Mexico. During these years many seminarians from northern Mexico studied in El Paso, and were ordained to the priesthood there. One such was Pedro Maldonado Lucero, who was ordained by Bishop Anthony J Schuler, S.J., in the cathedral on 25 January 1918. Padre Maldonado returned to his native Chihuahua; he was beaten to death in 1937 at the hands of town authorities in Santa Isabel (at that time named General Trias), Chihuahua, for preaching the Gospel and teaching the catechism to the people there. He was buried in the Cathedral of Chihuahua, and canonised by Pope John Paul II on 21 May 2000 as one of the companions of St Christopher Magallanes. A memorial in the nave of St Patrick commemorates the event of his ordination.
Photo Gallery I - The Windows
Pontifical Window with the coat of arms of Pope Benedict XV during whose reign the cathedral was dedicated
Photo Gallery II - Other Points of Interest
- Official Site
- "Diocese of El Paso". Catholic-Hierarchy. Retrieved 2007-08-13.
- "San Pedro de Jesús Maldonado Lucero". Santos y Beatos Latino Americanos. Site in Spanish.
- "Cristeros Became Mexican Martyrs". Borderlands:An El Paso Community College Project. Site in English.
- Owens, Mary Lilliana (1953). Most Rev. Anthony J. Schuler, First Bishop of El Paso: And Some Catholic Activities in the Diocese Between 1915–1942. El Paso: Revista Catolica Press. p. 584.
Also included in the Borderlands series is additional information concerning El Paso and the cathedral.