Cathedral of St. John the Evangelist (Boise, Idaho)

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St. John’s Cathedral
Main entrance on N. 8th St. in 2009
Location 775 N. 8th St.
Boise, Idaho, U.S.
Coordinates 43°37′18″N 116°11′51″W / 43.62167°N 116.19750°W / 43.62167; -116.19750Coordinates: 43°37′18″N 116°11′51″W / 43.62167°N 116.19750°W / 43.62167; -116.19750
Built 1905-1921
Architect Tourtellotte & Hummel
Architectural style Romanesque Revival
Governing body Private
MPS Tourtellotte and Hummel Architecture TR
NRHP Reference # 78001035 [1]
Added to NRHP May 24, 1978

The Cathedral of St. John the Evangelist, also known simply as St. John’s Cathedral, is a Catholic cathedral in Boise, Idaho, United States. It is the seat of the Diocese of Boise, and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

History[edit]

An early photo of the cathedral

The first Catholic church in Boise was dedicated on Christmas Eve 1870, but was destroyed in a fire 18 days later.[2] Another frame structure was built that would serve as the cathedral of the Vicariate Apostolic of Idaho, established March 5, 1883, and the Diocese of Boise after it was established on August 25, 1893.[3] It was located on the northwest corner of Ninth and Bannock Streets.[4] As the city grew, a larger cathedral was needed and Bishop Alphonse Glorieux purchased property bounded by Fort, Hays, Eighth, and Ninth Streets. He laid the cornerstone for the present cathedral in 1906. So as not to be a financial drain on the parish, the church building was built in stages. After the lower level was completed the parish worshiped there. The walls and roof were competed in 1912, and the cathedral was completed in 1921 during the episcopate of Bishop Daniel Gorman, who dedicated it on March 27, Easter Sunday.

St. John’s Cathedral was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1978 as a part of the Tourtellotte and Hummel Architecture Thematic Resource.[1] The rest of the buildings on the block were added to the National Register in 1982 and are listed as St. John's Cathedral Block.

Architecture[edit]

The cathedral's apse in 2009

St. John’s Cathedral was designed by one of the first architectural firms to work in Boise, Tourtellotte and Hummel. Built in the Romanesque Revival style, it was modeled after the Cathedral of Mainz in western Germany.[5] The exterior is Boise Sandstone, quarried just above the city at Table Rock. The building is cruciform in shape and measures 170 feet (52 m) from front to back, 95 feet (29 m) at the transepts and 65 feet (20 m) in the nave.

The building was designed to have two towers topped with spires flanking the main façade, but they have not been completed. A rose window graces the front of the church and the center gable above the main entrance features a statue of St. John the Evangelist on its peak. Corbeling, a continuous band of small projecting arches, encircles the building at the roofline.

The stained glass windows in the nave depict scenes from the life of Christ. The large widow in the north transept depicts the Adoration of the Magi, flanked by widows portraying St. Alphonsus Ligouri and St. Theresa of Avila. The south transept window depicts the Ascension and is flanked by windows portraying St. Patrick and St. Rita. The windows in the sanctuary depict St. Joseph on the north and the Blessed Virgin Mary on the south. In the apse are windows portraying the Sacred Heart of Jesus and the Immaculate Heart of Mary. They are flanked by windows portraying the Four Evangelists. The windows were installed in 1920, except the window portraying the Holy Spirit in the center of the apse, which was installed in 1979. St. Cecilia is depicted in the window above the pipe organ.

Restoration and Remodel[edit]

The architecture of the building
features Romanesque Revival

The interior of the church had a major cleaning in 1952 and In 1960, another remodeling plan took place and the parish decided to continue to work with the Hummel family, hiring Charles Hummel’s grandson, who was named Charles after his grandfather. Charles Hummel Jr. also worked on the 1979 restoration, focusing on four main ideas. He wanted to restore all the stained glass windows that illustrate the stories of the saints, create more seating for the different groups of people who would come to the cathedral for ceremonies, celebrations, and worship, renew the canvas accents and designs in the interior, and bring in tasteful modern lighting fixtures which accented the classic renaissance look but accommodated to the needs of the citizens. To accomplish such ideas, Hummel had to make some radical changes to the Cathedral’s interior. He also made sure important architectural details were not changed during the remodel. These details include the decorative gargoyles that metaphorically hold the weight of the church on their backs as a punishment for their sins, and the windows he restored.

To celebrate the church’s centennial, Rob Thorton took on the job of remodeling the downstairs chapel. Not wanting to tread on the shoes of Hummel’s original artistry, Thorton worked with him on the project. He took the plaster off the walls to expose the stone beneath, but kept a section of the wood paneling that Hummel added in 1979. Thorton also added a dome-shaped hole in the ceiling of the chapel. Thorton not only worked on the chapel in the lower level, but on the reception hall as well. He took out the brown carpeting, exposed the stone on the walls, and created more space. The baptismal font was redesigned as a pool and the former font was repurposed as an ambry to hold the holy oils. A reservation altar for the tabernacle was created in the south transept. The canopy was from the former high altar. St John’s received an Orchid Award in 1981 from the Idaho Historic Preservation Council for outstanding work in restoration.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  2. ^ "Shaping Boise: A Selection of Boise's Landmark Buildings". City of Boise. Retrieved 2011-09-19. 
  3. ^ "Diocese of Boise". Catholic-Hierarchy. Retrieved 2011-09-19. 
  4. ^ "History". Cathedral of St. John the Evangelist. Retrieved 2011-09-19. 
  5. ^ a b "Architecture". Cathedral of St. John the Evangelist. Retrieved 2011-09-19. 

External links[edit]