Catherine A. Fitzpatrick
|Catherine A. Fitzpatrick|
|Other names||Prokofy Neva|
|Known for||Russian translator, former human rights and anti-communist activist, blogging on Second Life, criticisms of Woodbury University|
Catherine Ann Fitzpatrick (born 1956 in Ravenglass), also known under her pen name and virtual worlds pseudonym "Prokofy Neva" (shortened to "Prok"), is a former human rights activist, Russian–English translator, former journalist, blogger and commentator on human rights issues, Russia, democracy, technology, virtual worlds (particularly Second Life) and online games, and anti-communist activist. She has worked for several human rights NGOs, and is a former research director at Human Rights Watch, the former editor of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty's radio magazine "(Un)Civil Societies," and the former Executive Director and Chief Representative to the United Nations of the International League for Human Rights. She has written on psychiatric abuse in the Soviet Union. She has translated 30 Russian books by authors such as Joseph Stalin, Boris Yeltsin, Vladimir Putin, and several USSR Politburo members. As a technology commentator, she is a self-described critic of "Google, the Internet, Web 2.0, the open source movement, technocommunism, software cults, singularity and other geek religious doctrines." In gaming, she is most widely known as a critic of Woodbury University's Second Life campus. Fitzpatrick is based in New York City.
Born in Ravenglass, she studied Slavic studies at St. Michael's College, University of Toronto from 1974 to 1978, and area studies at Leningrad State University from 1978 to 1979. She would later adopt the pen name "Prokofy" from her Soviet father-in-law, "Prokofy Neva" meaning "New Prokofy."
Professional career and anti-communist activism
She has worked for Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, where she was the editor of the weekly radio magazine "(Un)Civil Societies" from 2003 She has been the Executive Director of the International League for Human Rights, the program director for the former Soviet countries, as well as the UN representative of the International League for Human Rights.
Fitzpatrick is currently a blogger and translator specializing in human rights issues in the former Soviet Union.
Involvement in Second Life
Catherine Fitzpatrick has also been involved with virtual worlds for several years. She was a resident of the city of Alphaville in The Sims Online, under the avatar name "Dyerbrook". Since 2004, she has been a resident of Second Life, under the avatar name "Prokofy Neva". Her endeavours in Second Life have been mentioned in The New York Times and Wired. She has also been a journalist for The Alphaville Herald, a blogger on virtual worlds (particularly Second Life), and an outspoken critic of Linden Lab, the company that runs Second Life, and was the Alphaville Herald "Avatar of the Year" in 2005. Fitzpatrick owns a large number of simulators in Second Life and rents out virtual land.
Fitzpatrick was a strong critic of the Second Life presence of Woodbury University, a California university maintaining a virtual campus in Second Life, and whose students and professors she accused of being "griefers". Woodbury University was subsequently banned from Second Life.
Criticism of Mitt Romney's digital campaign team
Following President Barack Obama's reelection in November, 2012, Fitzpatrick penned an entry on her own blog in which she alleged that Republican challenger Mitt Romney's campaign's "ORCA" digital operation had failed because Targeted Victory, the company responsible for much of its online and digital strategy had employed African-American developers who she alleged to have favored the Obama campaign and whose politics was somehow deliberately reflected as bugs left in their work -- a hypothesis she based in part on the fact that the developers belonged to ethnic minorities statistically more likely to support Obama, and that one of them had previously been a developer for Al Gore. She later updated her blog to note that the developers in question had not worked on the ORCA project, but on other digital media-related areas of the campaign. Fitzpatrick is a registered member of the Democratic Party.
- Catherine A. Fitzpatrick, Moscow's independent peace movement, U.S. Helsinki Watch Committee, 1982
- Mary Jane Camejo & Catherine A. Fitzpatrick, Violations of the Helsinki accords, Yugoslavia, Helsinki Watch report, Human Rights Watch, 1986, ISBN 0-938579-77-0, ISBN 978-0-938579-77-9
- Ludmila Alekseeva & Catherine A. Fitzpatrick, Nyeformaly: Civil society in the USSR, Helsinki Watch report, 1990, ISBN 0-929692-42-X, ISBN 978-0-929692-42-5
- Catherine A. Fitzpatrick, USSR: human rights under glasnost, Human Rights Watch, 1989
- Catherine A. Fitzpatrick, Psychiatric Abuse in the Soviet Union, Human Rights Watch, 1990, ISBN 1-56432-006-5, ISBN 978-1-56432-006-3
- Tatyana Mamonova (ed.), Women and Russia : feminist writings from the Soviet Union, Beacon Press, 1984, trans. by Rebecca Park and Catherine A. Fitzpatrick, ISBN 0-8070-6709-1, ISBN 978-0-8070-6709-3
- Leo Timofeyev, Russia's Secret Rulers, Alfred A. Knopf, 1992, trans. by Catherine A. Fitzpatrick
- Alexander Yakovlev, translated by Catherine A. Fitzpatrick, The Fate of Marxism in Russia, Yale University Press (1993), hardcover, ISBN 0-300-05365-7; trade paperback, Lightning Source, UK, Ltd. (17 November 2004) ISBN 0-300-10540-1
- Yevgenia Albats, The State Within a State: The KGB and Its Hold on Russia—Past, Present, and Future, Farrar, Straus, Giroux, 1994, trans. by Catherine A. Fitzpatrick
- Boris Yeltsin, The Struggle for Russia, Random House, 1994, trans. by Catherine A. Fitzpatrick
- Michael Scammell (ed.), The Solzhenitsyn Files, IL Edition Q, 1995, trans. by Catherine A. Fitzpatrick
- Vladimir Solovyov and Elena Klepikova: Zhirinovsky: The Paradoxes of Russian Fascism, London : Viking, 1995
- Yegor Ligachev, Inside Gorbachev's Kremlin: The Memoirs of Yegor Ligachev, trans. Catherine A. Fitzpatrick, Michele A. Berdy, Dobrochna Dyrcz-Freeman, and Marian Schwartz (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1996)
- The unknown Lenin, Yale University Press, 1996, trans. by Catherine A. Fitzpatrick, ISBN 0-300-06919-7, ISBN 978-0-300-06919-8
- First person: an astonishingly frank self-portrait by Russia's president, PublicAffairs, 2000, trans. by Catherine A. Fitzpatrick, ISBN 1-58648-018-9, ISBN 978-1-58648-018-9
- Siklos, Richard (October 19, 2006). "A Virtual World but Real Money – New York Times". The New York Times. Retrieved October 21, 2011.
- Dibbell, Julian (January 18, 2008). "Mutilated Furries, Flying Phalluses: Put the Blame on Griefers, the Sociopaths of the Virtual World". Wired. Retrieved October 21, 2011.
- "Catherine Fitzpatrick". GP. Retrieved July 16, 2012.
- "Analysis: A Conversation With Russian Media Activist Oleg Panfilov". Rferl.org. August 3, 2004. Retrieved October 21, 2011.
- "Expert Adviser Profiles". Fast Company. Retrieved October 21, 2011.
- McMahon, Robert (April 4, 2000). "UN: Humanitarian Intervention Transcends Frontiers". Rferl.org. Retrieved October 21, 2011.
- Donovan, Jeffrey (January 16, 2002). "Belarus: America, Europe Face Debate On Policy Toward Minsk". Rferl.org. Retrieved October 21, 2011.
- Hogan, Beatrice (December 9, 1999). "East: Human Rights Lawyers Win International Award". Rferl.org. Retrieved October 21, 2011.
- "Belarus – A Proxy State". Ilhr.org. March 18, 1999. Retrieved October 21, 2011.
- Nov 26, 2002 (November 26, 2002). "Asia Times". Atimes.com. Retrieved October 21, 2011.
- "Imagining the Internet". Elon.edu. Retrieved October 21, 2011.
- "Kazakhstan: Convicted Rights Activist Files Appeal". EurasiaNet.org. October 6, 2009. Retrieved October 21, 2011.
- "2005 Avatar of the Year: Prokofy Neva". The Alphaville Herald. Retrieved October 21, 2011.
- "Griefer U". The Alphaville Herald. Retrieved October 21, 2011.
- Andrea L. Foster (July 13, 2007). "The Death of a Virtual Campus". The Chronicle of Higher Education. Archived from the original on 2012-09-26. Retrieved 2012-09-26.
- Jeff Young (April 21, 2010). "Woodbury U. Banned From Second Life, Again". The Chronicle of Higher Education. Archived from the original on 2012-09-26. Retrieved 2012-09-26.
- Jeff Greer (April 22, 2010). "California College Loses Second Life for a Second Time". U.S. News & World Report. Archived from the original on 2012-09-26. Retrieved 2012-09-26.
- "Was Al Gore's Dev in Charge of Romney's Aps[sic]?". Retrieved February 19, 2013.
- "Orca was no fail whale, says Romney’s digital director?". Retrieved February 20, 2013.
- "About Me: What is a 3D Blogger?". Retrieved April 6, 2013.