Catherine Deneuve

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Catherine Deneuve
Catherine Deneuve 1995.jpg
Catherine Deneuve in 1995
Born Catherine Fabienne Dorléac
(1943-10-22) 22 October 1943 (age 70)
Paris, France
Occupation Actress
Years active 1957–present
Spouse(s) David Bailey (1965–72)
Partner(s) Roger Vadim (1961–63)
Marcello Mastroianni (1971–75)
Children Christian Vadim
Chiara Mastroianni

Catherine Deneuve (French: [katʁin dənœv]; born 22 October 1943) is a French actress who gained recognition for her portrayal of aloof, mysterious beauties for various directors, including Luis Buñuel and Roman Polanski.[1][2] She is a twelve-time Cesar Award nominee.

Deneuve first came to prominence in Jacques Demy's 1964 film Les Parapluies de Cherbourg, before going on to star for Polanski in Repulsion (1965) and for Buñuel in Belle de Jour (1967) and Tristana (1970) She has won two César Awards for Best Actress for her performances in François Truffaut's Le Dernier Métro (1980) and Régis Wargnier's Indochine (1992). She also received a Best Actress Academy Award nomination for Indochine and a Best Actress BAFTA Award nomination for Belle de Jour. Her other films include The Hunger (1983), Place Vendôme (1998), Dancer in the Dark (2000) and 8 Women (2002). In 2008, she appeared in her 100th film, Un conte de Noël.

Early life[edit]

Deneuve was born Catherine Fabienne Dorléac in Paris, France to French stage and screen actor Maurice Dorléac and actress Renée Simonot. Deneuve has two sisters, Françoise Dorléac (an actress, who died in a car crash in 1967, aged 25) and Sylvie Dorléac (born 1946),[3] and a maternal half-sister, Danielle b. 1937, from her mother's previous relationship with actor Aimé Clariond. Deneuve was her mother's maiden name, which she chose for her stage name, unlike her sister. Deneuve attended Catholic schools.[4]

Film career[edit]

Deneuve in 1968

Deneuve was thirteen when she began her film career with a small role in André Hunebelle's Les Collégiennes (1957) with her younger sister Sylvie Dorléac, who acted in a few films casually as a child.[5] Deneuve was credited as Catherine Dorléac but subsequently used her mother's maiden name as her stage name in order to differentiate herself from her sisters.

After seeing Deneuve in L'Homme à femmes (1960), Jacques Demy cast her in his 1964 musical Les Parapluies de Cherbourg, the film that brought her to stardom.[5] Deneuve first portrayed the cold but erotic persona, for which she would be nicknamed the "ice maiden", in Roman Polanski's suspense classic Repulsion (1965), reinforcing it in Luis Buñuel's Belle de Jour (1967), and reaching a peak in Tristana (1970).[6] Her work for Buñuel would be her most famous.[7][8]

Further prominent films from this early time in her career included Jean-Paul Rappeneau's A Matter of Resistance (1966), and Demy's musical Les Demoiselles de Rochefort (1967). Deneuve remained active in European films during the 1960s and 1970s, though she limited her appearances in American movies of the period to The April Fools (1969), a romantic comedy with Jack Lemmon, and Hustle (1975), a crime drama with Burt Reynolds. Her starring roles at the time were featured in such films as Ça n'arrive qu'aux autres (1972) with Marcello Mastroianni and Le Sauvage (1975) with Yves Montand.

In the 1980s, Deneuve's films included François Truffaut's Le Dernier métro (1980), for which she won the César Award for Best Actress, and Tony Scott's The Hunger (1983) as a bisexual vampire, co-starring with David Bowie and Susan Sarandon, a role which brought her a significant lesbian following.[9] She made her debut film as a producer in 1988, Drôle d'endroit pour une rencontre.

In the early 1990s, Deneuve's more significant roles included 1992's Indochine opposite Vincent Perez, for which she was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actress and won a second César Award for Best Actress; and André Téchiné's two movies, Ma saison préférée (1993) and Les Voleurs (1996). In 1997, Deneuve was the protagonist in the music video for the song N'Oubliez Jamais sung by Joe Cocker. In 1998 she won acclaim and the Volpi Cup at the Venice Film Festival for her performance in Place Vendôme. In the late 1990s, Deneuve continued to appear in a large number of films such as 1999's five films Est-Ouest, Le temps retrouvé, Pola X, Belle maman, and Le Vent de la nuit.

Deneuve in 1999

In 2000, Deneuve's part in Lars von Trier's musical drama Dancer in the Dark alongside Icelandic singer Björk was subject to considerable critical scrutiny. The film was selected for the Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival. She made another foray into Hollywood the following year, starring in The Musketeer (2001) for Peter Hyams. In 2002, she shared the Silver Bear Award for Best Ensemble Cast at the Berlin International Film Festival for her performance in 8 Women. In 2005, Deneuve published her diary A l'ombre de moi-meme ("In My Own Shadow", published in English as Close Up and Personal: The Private Diaries of Catherine Deneuve); in it she writes about her experiences shooting the films Indochine and Dancer in the Dark. She also provided the voice role of Marjane Satrapi's mother in Satrapi's animated autobiographical film Persepolis (2007), based on the graphic novel of the same name.

Deneuve's more recent work includes Potiche (2010) and Les Bien-aimés (2011), in which she acts alongside her real-life daughter Chiara Mastroianni. During an interview at the Cannes Film Festival with Ali Naderzad, Deneuve was asked which was her own favorite film. "I still say it was The Umbrellas of Cherbourg. To do a film completely with music like an opera was an incredible experience. But to work with music all the time, it's such a lift, you know? It's an opera, it's very different."[10] Deneuve continues to work steadily making at least two or three films per year.

Career outside of film[edit]

Modeling[edit]

Deneuve appeared nude in two Playboy pictorials in 1963 and 1965.[11] Her image was used to represent Marianne, the national symbol of France, from 1985 to 1989. As the face of Chanel No. 5 in the late 1970s, she caused sales of the perfume to soar in the United States – so much so that the American press, captivated by her charm, nominated her as the world's most elegant woman.[12] In 1983, American Home Products retained her to represent their cosmetics line and hired world-renowned photographer Richard Avedon to promote its line of Youth Garde cosmetics, for which she famously proclaimed, "Look closely. Next year I will be 40."

She is considered the muse of designer Yves Saint Laurent; he dressed her in the films Belle de Jour, La Chamade, La sirène du Mississipi, Un flic, Liza, and The Hunger. In 1992, she became a model for his skincare line. In 2001, she was chosen as the new face of L'Oréal Paris. In 2006, Deneuve became the third inspiration for the M•A•C Beauty Icon series and collaborated on the colour collection that became available at M•A•C locations worldwide in February that year. Deneuve began appearing in the new Louis Vuitton luggage advertisements in 2007. Deneuve was listed as one of the fifty best-dressed over 50s by the Guardian in March 2013.[13]

Entrepreneurial[edit]

Deneuve introduced her own perfume, Deneuve, in 1986.[14] She is also a designer of glasses, shoes, jewelery, and greeting cards.[citation needed]

Charities[edit]

Deneuve at the 2011 César Awards.

Political involvement[edit]

  • In 1972, Deneuve signed the Manifesto of the 343. The manifesto was an admission by its signers to have practiced illegal abortions and therefore exposed themselves to judicial actions and prison sentences. It was published in Le Nouvel Observateur on 5 April 1971. That same year, feminist lawyer Gisèle Halimi founded the group, Choisir ("To Choose"), to protect the women who had signed the Manifesto of the 343.
  • Deneuve is involved with Amnesty International's program to abolish the death penalty.
  • In 2001, Deneuve delivered a petition organized by the French-based group, "Together Against the death penalty", to the U.S. Embassy in Paris.[18]
  • In April 2007, Deneuve signed a petition on the internet protesting against the "misogynous" treatment of socialist presidential candidate Ségolène Royal. More than 8,000 French men and women signed the petition, including French actress Jeanne Moreau.[19]

Personal life[edit]

Deneuve speaks fluent French, Italian, English and is semi-fluent in German. Her hobbies and passions include gardening, drawing, photography, reading, music, cinema, fashion, antiques and decoration.[17]

Deneuve has been married only once,[20] to photographer David Bailey from 1965 to 1972.[3] She has had relationships with director Roger Vadim,[21] actor Marcello Mastroianni,[3] and Canal+ tycoon Pierre Lescure.[3]

Deneuve has two children: actor Christian Vadim, from her relationship with Roger Vadim, and actress Chiara Mastroianni, from her relationship with Marcello Mastroianni.[3]

Filmography[edit]

Year Title Role Director Notes
1957 Les collégiennes Une grande André Hunebelle
1960 L'homme à femmes Catherine Jacques-Gérard Cornu
Les portes claquent Dany Michel Fermaud
Jacques Poitrenaud
1962 Les Parisiennes Sophie Marc Allégret
Ça c'est la vie Claude Choublier Short film
Et Satan conduit le bal Manuelle Grisha Dabat
1963 Vice and Virtue Justine Morand Roger Vadim
Vacances portugaises Catherine Pierre Kast
1964 The Umbrellas of Cherbourg Geneviève Emery Jacques Demy
Les plus belles escroqueries du monde Swindler Claude Chabrol
La chasse à l'homme Denise Édouard Molinaro
Male Companion Isabelle Philippe de Broca
La costanza della ragione Lori Pasquale Festa Campanile
1965 Les petits chats Jacques R. Villa
Repulsion Carol Roman Polanski Nominated—New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actress (3rd place)
Who Wants to Sleep? Angela Claasen Rolf Thiele
Axel von Ambesser
Alfred Weidenmann
Le Chant du monde Clara Marcel Camus
1966 A Matter of Resistance Marie Jean-Paul Rappeneau
Les Créatures (fr) Mylène Agnès Varda
1967 The Young Girls of Rochefort Delphine Garnier Jacques Demy
Belle de Jour Séverine Serizy / Belle de Jour Luis Buñuel Nominated—BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role
1968 Benjamin Anne de Clécy Michel Deville
Manon 70 Manon Jean Aurel
Mayerling Maria Vetsera Terence Young
La Chamade Lucile Alain Cavalier
1969 The April Fools Catherine Gunther Stuart Rosenberg
Mississippi Mermaid Julie Roussel / Marion Vergano François Truffaut
Tout peut arriver (fr) Interviewee Philippe Labro
1970 Tristana Tristana Luis Buñuel
Peau d'Âne Princess / 'Donkey Skin' Jacques Demy
1971 It Only Happens to Others Catherine Nadine Trintignant
1972 Liza Liza Marco Ferreri
Un flic Cathy Jean-Pierre Melville
1973 A Slightly Pregnant Man Irène de Fontenoy Jacques Demy
1974 Don't Touch the White Woman! Marie-Hélène de Boismonfrais Marco Ferreri
Drama of the Rich Linda Murri Mauro Bolognini
La mujer con botas rojas (es) Françoise LeRoi Juan Luis Buñuel
1975 Zig-Zig (fr) Marie László Szabó
L'agression (fr) Sarah Gérard Pirès
Lovers Like Us Nelly Jean-Paul Rappeneau Nominated—César Award for Best Actress
Hustle Nicole Britton Robert Aldrich
1976 If I Had to Do It All Over Again Catherine Berger Claude Lelouch
1977 Anima persa Sofia Stolz Dino Risi
March or Die Simone Picard Dick Richards
Beach House La donna del sogno Sergio Citti
1978 L'argent des autres Cécile Rainier Christian de Chalonge
1979 Ils sont grands, ces petits Louise Mouchin Joël Santoni
Us Two Françoise Claude Lelouch
Courage fuyons (fr) Eva Yves Robert
Écoute voir Claude Alphand Hugo Santiago
1980 The Last Metro Marion Steiner François Truffaut César Award for Best Actress
David di Donatello for Best Foreign Actress
Je vous aime Alice Claude Berri
1981 Le Choix des armes (fr) Nicole Durieux Alain Corneau
Hotel America Hélène André Téchiné Nominated—César Award for Best Actress
1982 Le choc Claire Robin Davis
1983 L'Africain (fr) Charlotte Philippe de Broca
The Hunger Miriam Blaylock Tony Scott
1984 Le Bon Plaisir Claire Després Francis Girod
Fort Saganne Louise Alain Corneau
Paroles et Musique (fr) Margaux Élie Chouraqui
1986 Speriamo che sia femmina Claudia Mario Monicelli
Scene of the Crime Lili Ravenel André Téchiné
1987 Agent trouble Amanda Weber Jean-Pierre Mocky Nominated—César Award for Best Actress
1988 Fréquence meurtre Jeanne Quester Élisabeth Rappeneau
A Strange Place to Meet France François Dupeyron Nominated—César Award for Best Actress
1991 La reine blanche Liliane Ripoche Jean-Loup Hubert
1992 Indochine Eliane Régis Wargnier César Award for Best Actress
Nominated—Academy Award for Best Actress
1993 My Favorite Season Emilie André Téchiné Goldene Kamera for Best International Actress
Nominated—César Award for Best Actress
1994 La partie d'échecs Marquise Yves Hanchar
1995 One Hundred and One Nights The star-fantasy Agnès Varda
The Convent Hélène Manoel de Oliveira
1996 Thieves Marie Leblanc André Téchiné Nominated—César Award for Best Actress
Court toujours: L'inconnu Marianne Ismaël Ferroukhi Short film
1997 Genealogies of a Crime Jeanne / Solange Raúl Ruiz
Sans titre Leos Carax Short film
1998 Place Vendôme Marianne Malivert Nicole Garcia Volpi Cup
Nominated—César Award for Best Actress
1999 Le vent de la nuit Hélène Philippe Garrel
Belle maman Léa Gabriel Aghion
Pola X Marie Leos Carax
Time Regained Odette de Crecy Raúl Ruiz
East/West Gabrielle Develay Régis Wargnier
2000 Dancer in the Dark Kathy Lars von Trier Nominated—Satellite Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture
2001 I'm Going Home Marguerite Manoel de Oliveira
Absolument fabuleux A spectator of the parade (cameo) Gabriel Aghion
The Musketeer The Queen Peter Hyams
Le petit poucet The Queen Olivier Dahan
2002 8 Women Gaby François Ozon 52nd Berlin International Film Festival—Silver Bear for outstanding artistic contribution (shared with the cast)
European Film Award for Best Actress (shared with the cast)
Au plus près du paradis Fanette Tonie Marshall
2003 Les Liaisons dangereuses Marquise Isabelle de Merteuil TV mini-series
A Talking Picture Delfina Manoel de Oliveira
2004 Princesse Marie Marie Bonaparte Benoît Jacquot TV movie
Kings and Queen Mme Vasset Arnaud Desplechin
Changing Times Cécile André Téchiné
2005 Palais royal! Eugénia Valérie Lemercier Nominated—César Award for Best Supporting Actress
2006 Le concile de pierre Sybille Weber Guillaume Nicloux
Nip/Tuck Diana Lubey Ryan Murphy TV series (1 Episode: "Diana Lubey")
Le héros de la famille Alice Mirmont Thierry Klifa
2007 Après lui Camille Gaël Morel
Persepolis Mrs. Satrapi, Marjane's mother's voice Marjane Satrapi
Vincent Paronnaud
Pouvoir et séduction Elegant Lady Maria von Heland TV movie
2008 A Christmas Tale Junon Vuillard Arnaud Desplechin Nominated—Satellite Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture
Je veux voir The famous actress Joana Hadjithomas
Khalil Joreige
Mes stars et moi Solange Duvivier Laetitia Colombani
2009 Cyprien Vivianne Wagner David Charhon
The Girl on the Train Louise André Téchiné
Bancs publics (Versailles rive droite) The client to the cupboard Bruno Podalydès
Mères et filles Martine Julie Lopes-Curval
2010 Potiche Suzanne Pujol François Ozon Nominated—César Award for Best Actress
The Big Picture Anne Eric Lartigau
2011 Les yeux de sa mère Lena Weber Thierry Klifa
The Beloved Madeleine Christophe Honoré Nominated—Prix Lumières for Best Actress
2012 Lines of Wellington Severina Valeria Sarmiento
God Loves Caviar Empress Catherine II of Russia Yannis Smaragdis
Asterix and Obelix: God Save Britannia Queen Cordelia Laurent Tirard
2013 On My Way Bettie Emmanuelle Bercot Cabourg Romantic Film Festival—Favorite Actress
Nominated—César Award for Best Actress
Nominated—Prix Lumières for Best Actress
2014 In the Courtyard Mathilde Pierre Salvadori
Three Hearts The mother Benoît Jacquot
In the Name of My Daughter Renée Le Roux André Téchiné
2015 Le tout Nouveau Testament Martine Jaco Van Dormael

Discography[edit]

  1. Digital delay
  2. Depression au-dessus du jardin
  3. Epsilon
  4. Monna Vanna et Miss Duncan
  5. Marine bond tremolo
  6. Ces petits riens (duet with Serge Gainsbourg) – original version performed by Gainsbourg and Juliette Gréco (1964)
  7. Souviens-toi de m'oublier (duet with Serge Gainsbourg)
  8. Overseas telegram
  9. What tu dis qu'est-ce tu say
  10. Oh Soliman
  11. Alice helas

Awards and nominations[edit]

César Awards[edit]

Year Award Film Result
1976 Best Actress Le Sauvage Nominated
1981 Le Dernier métro Won
1982 Hôtel des Amériques Nominated
1988 Agent trouble Nominated
1989 Drôle d'endroit pour une rencontre Nominated
1993 Indochine Won
1994 Ma saison préférée Nominated
1997 Les Voleurs Nominated
1999 Place Vendôme Nominated
2006 Best Supporting Actress Palais Royal! Nominated
2011 Best Actress Potiche Nominated
2014 Best Actress On My Way Nominated

Academy Awards[edit]

Year Award Film Result
1993 Best Actress Indochine Nominated

BAFTA Awards[edit]

Year Award Film Result
1969 Best Actress Belle de jour Nominated

Other Awards[edit]

Year Group Award Film Result
1965 NYFCC Award Best Actress Repulsion Nominated
1976 Bambi Award Film International Lovers Like Us Won
1981 David di Donatello Best Foreign Actress Le Dernier métro Won
1993 WIFTI Award Crystal Award - International Herself Won
1994 Goldene Kamera Best International Actress My Favorite Season Won
1995 San Sebastián IFF Award Donostia Award Herself Won
1997 Moscow IFF Award Silver St. George[22] Won
1998 Venice FF Award Volpi Cup - Best Actress Place Vendôme Won
Berlin IFF Award[23] Honorary Golden Bear Herself Won
2000 AFF Award Actor's Mission Award Won
2001 Bambi Award Film International East/West Won
I'm Going Home
Dancer in the Dark
Satellite Award Best Supporting Actress – Drama Dancer in the Dark Nominated
2002 Berlin IFF Award Silver Berlin Bear 8 Women
(shared with cast)
Won
EFA Award Best Actress Won
2005 Cannes IFF Award Palme d'Or d'honneur Herself Won
2006 Bangkok IFF Award Golden Kinnaree Award Won
Istanbul IFF Award Cinema Honorary Award Won
2008 Cannes IFF Award Special Jury Award (shared with Clint Eastwood) Won
Satellite Award Best Actress – Motion Picture A Christmas Tale Nominated
2012 FSLC Award Gala Tribute Herself Won
Manaki Brothers FF Award Special Golden Camera 300 Won

In 2000, a Golden Palm Star on the Palm Springs, California, Walk of Stars was dedicated to her.[24] In 2013, she was honoured for her lifetime achievement at the 26th European Film Awards.[25]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://movies.msn.com: Catherine Deneuve Biography
  2. ^ www.answers.com: Catherine Deneuve Biography Britannica Concise Encyclopedia: Catherine Deneuve. Retrieved on 2008-11-25.
  3. ^ a b c d e Catherine Deneuve at Yahoo! Movies
  4. ^ "The Los Angeles Times Interview from 1992" Tout Sur Deneuve
  5. ^ a b "Catherine Deneuve interviewed by Arnaud Despelchin". Film Comment magazine (November/December 2008 edition). 
  6. ^ "Philip French's Screen Legends, The Observer Review, p.12". The Guardian (London). 1 February 2009. 
  7. ^ Block, Maxine; Anna Herthe Rothe; Marjorie Dent Candee; Charles Moritz (1978). Current Biography Yearbook. H.W. Wilson Co. p. 98. ISBN 978-9-997-37702-9. "Catherine Deneuve has also...been called the "ice maiden" because of the aloof and enigmatic personality she has glacially portrayed in such classic art films as Polanski's Repulsion...." 
  8. ^ Jones, Alice (7 March 2007). "Catherine the great: Deneuve's five finest roles". The Independent. Retrieved 10 September 2008. "The first and most chilling of Deneuve's classic ice-maiden roles." "Deneuve's best-known role." [dead link]
  9. ^ Sweet, Matthew (29 November 2002). "My lips are sealed...In her new film, 8 Women, the French icon Catherine Deneuve shares a kiss with her co-star Fanny Ardant. It's not her favourite part of the movie, she tells MATTHEW SWEET". The Independent (UK). Retrieved 10 September 2008. "she cackles with delight when I ask her if the scene has pleased her army of lesbian fans.... She acquired this following Tony Scott's vampire flick "The Hunger" (1983), in which she played a fanged seductress...who took her sweet time getting to Susan Sarandon's jugular...." 
  10. ^ Naderzad, Ali (16 May 2007), "Catherine Deneuve in Cannes", Screen Comment.
  11. ^ Tom Lisanti (2001). Fantasy Femmes of Sixties Cinema: Interviews with 20 Actresses from Biker, Beach, and Elvis Movies. McFarland. pp. 12–. ISBN 978-0-7864-0868-9. 
  12. ^ "Chanel ad campaign, USA 1975". Brandhot.de. 22 February 1999. Retrieved 1 March 2011. 
  13. ^ Cartner-Morley, Jess; Mirren, Helen; Huffington, Arianna; Amos, Valerie (28 March 2013). "The 50 best-dressed over 50s". The Guardian (London). 
  14. ^ Hawkins, Timothy (11 April 1986). "French Film Star Deneuve Introduces Own Fragrance". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  15. ^ Isabelle Vautier. "Catherine Deneuve resigns from UNESCO". Tout Sur Deneuve. Retrieved 1 March 2011. 
  16. ^ (French) "Amnesty International et lutte contre la peine de mort" Tout sur Deneuve
  17. ^ a b c "Catherine Deneuve Bio" (in French). www.gala.fr. Retrieved 1 March 2011. 
  18. ^ Coomarasamy, James (14 May 2001). "French horrified by execution". BBC NEWS. 
  19. ^ "Thousands sign petition against "misogynous" treatment of Royal". Europe News on Monsters and Critics (Deutsche Presse-Agentur). 12 April 2007. 
  20. ^ Isabelle Vautier (1955). "Tout sur Catherine Deneuve – Interview parue dans The Advocate (1995)". Toutsurdeneuve.free.fr. Retrieved 1 March 2011. 
  21. ^ Stephanie Bunbury (23 November 2013). "Catherine Deneuve's Frosty Charm". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 23 November 2013. 
  22. ^ "20th Moscow International Film Festival (1997)". MIFF. Retrieved 22 March 2013. 
  23. ^ "Berlinale: 1998 Prize Winners". berlinale.de. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 
  24. ^ Palm Springs Walk of Stars by date dedicated
  25. ^ "Winners 2013". European Film Awards. European Film Academy. Retrieved 9 December 2013. 

External links[edit]