Catherine Pollard (Scouting)
Catherine "Kay" N. Pollard (c. 1918 – December 13, 2006) was the first female Scoutmaster in the Boy Scouts of America (BSA). She led Boy Scout Troop 13 in Milford, Connecticut, from 1973 to 1975 but the BSA refused to recognize her as a Scoutmaster until a decade had passed.
Pollard had tried to register as Scoutmaster in 1974 and 1976. Troop 13 in Milford eventually dissolved when nobody else stepped up to be Scoutmaster. Her 1980s court case was won by the BSA and drew international attention. In January 1984 the Connecticut Commission on Human Rights and Opportunities ruled she had the right to be a Scoutmaster, but in May 1986 a judge overturned that ruling on the grounds boys needed a male role model and that BSA had the right to make its own rules since it was a private organization. The Connecticut Supreme Court also ruled in favor of the BSA on July 6, 1987 (see Quinnipiac Council, BSA v. Commission on Human Rights and Opportunities, 528 A. 2d 352, 357 (Conn. 1987)).
On February 11, 1988, the Boy Scouts of America abolished gender requirements on all volunteer positions, ending Pollard's 14-year legal battle. Pollard stated: "I do think that this is marvelous," she said at the time, "because there have been women all over the United States, in fact all over the world, that have been doing these things for the Boy Scouts because they could not get a male leader, but we could not get recognition for the things we’ve done." She died on December 13, 2006 in Seminole, Florida, and was buried in Milford.
For her funeral in Milford on December 18, 2006, her casket was carried on a Milford fire truck. She had served the fire department as a volunteer in several positions, including bugler, for many years and when the BSA eventually allowed female Scoutmasters, it was the Milford Fire Department that sponsored a Boy Scout troop so she could be a Scoutmaster.
- "1st female Scoutmaster dies in Milford". New Haven Register. December 14, 2006. Retrieved 2010-07-05.
- "First woman Scoutmaster, Catharine Pollard". Timpanogos Wordpress. December 16, 2006. Retrieved 2010-07-05.
- "Catherine Pollard, 88 Fought Scouts for equality". Baltimore Sun. December 16, 2006. Retrieved 2010-07-06.
- "Catherine Pollard v. BSA". BSA Discrimination.org. October 28, 2009. Retrieved 2010-07-06.
- "Catherine N. Pollard, 88, First Female Scoutmaster in U.S., Dies". New York Times. Associated Press. December 15, 2006. Retrieved 2010-07-06.
- "Catherine Pollard, 88; U.S.' first female scoutmaster waged a long legal battle". Los Angeles Times. December 15, 2006. Retrieved 2010-07-06.