Catherine Reilly (4 April 1925 – 26 September 2005) was a British bibliographer and anthologist of women's poetry of the First and Second World Wars. She collected the poetry of female poets and published it in two 1984 anthologies - Scars Upon My Heart: Women's Poetry and Verse of the First World War and Chaos of the Night: Women's Poetry and Verse of World War Two.
Reilly was born in Stretford, Lancashire and won a scholarship to a Roman Catholic grammar school. The school was evacuated in 1939. She left school at the age of 15 and was employed for most of her working life in the public libraries of Manchester. In 1974 she became Assistant Borough Librarian for Trafford, with responsibility for children's services.