Catherine of Brandenburg-Küstrin

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Catherine of Brandenburg-Küstrin
Catherine of Brandenburg-Küstrin.jpg
Spouse(s) Joachim III Frederick, Elector of Brandenburg
Noble family House of Hohenzollern
Father John, Margrave of Brandenburg-Küstrin
Mother Catherine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Margravine of Brandenburg-Küstrin
Born (1549-08-10)10 August 1549
Küstrin
Died 30 September 1602(1602-09-30) (aged 53)
Cölln

Catherine of Brandenburg-Küstrin (10 August 1549 – 30 September 1602) was a Margravine of Brandenburg-Küstrin by birth and Electress of Brandenburg by marriage.

Life[edit]

Catherine was the younger of two daughters of John, Margrave of Brandenburg-Küstrin (1513–1571) from his marriage to Catherine (1518–1574), daughter of Henry II, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel.

On 8 January 1570, she married Joachim of Brandenburg, later Elector Joachim III Frederick of Brandenburg (1546–1608) in Küstrin. Due to the marriage, her husband no longer had a legitimate claim on the position of bishop of the Catholic Archdiocese of Magdeburg[1] and Pope Pius V put in a request to Emperor Maximilian for his dismissal.[2]

Catherine tried to improve the fate of the poor and the needy. She built a dairy in Wedding and sold its produce on the Molkenmarkt ("Milk Market"), a square in Berlin. She used the proceeds to finance a pharmacy in the Stadtschloss that provided medicine free of charge to those in need.[3]

Catherine died on 30 September 1608. On 13 October, she was buried in the Hohenzollern crypt (now part of the Berliner Dom).

Descendants[edit]

From her marriage with Joachim Frederick, Catherine had the following children:

married in 1594 Priness Anna of Prussia (1576–1625)
married King Christian IV of Denmark (1577–1648)
  • Daughter (1576–1576)
  • John George, Duke of Jägerndorf (16 December 1577 – 2 March 1624)
married Eva Christina of Württemberg (1590 - 1657), daughter of Friedrich I of Württemberg and Sibylla of Anhalt
  • August Frederick (16 February 1580 – 23 April 1601)
  • Albert Frederick (29 April 1582 – 3 December 1600)
  • Joachim (13 April 1583 – 10 June 1600)
  • Ernest (13 April 1583 – 18 September 1613)
  • Barbara Sophie (16 November 1584 – 13 February 1636)
married in 1609 Duke John Frederick of Württemberg (1582–1628)
  • Daughter (1585 – 1586)
  • Christian William (28 August 1587 – 1 January 1665) Archbishop and later Administrator of Magdeburg
married firstly, in 1615, Princess Dorothea of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (1596–1643)
married secondly, in 1650, Countess Barbara Eusebia of Martinice (d. 1656)
married thirdly, in 1657, Countess Maximiliane of Salm-Neuburg (1608–1663)

References and sources[edit]

  • Dieter Brozat (1985), Der Berliner Dom und die Hohenzollerngruft, Berlin: Haude und Spener, ISBN 3-7759-0271-6 
  • Ernst Daniel Martin Kirchner: Die Kurfürstinnen und Königinnen auf dem Throne der Hohenzollern, part 2: Die letzten acht Kurfürstinnen, Berlin, 1867, p. 68-106.
  • Ludwig Hahn: Geschichte des preussischen Vaterlandes, W. Hertz, 1858, p. 132
  • Adolf Müller: Preußens Ehrenspiegel, Gebauer, 1851, p. 65

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Cornelius Hantscher: Die preußische Frage – Personalunion Brandenburg-Preußen, GRIN Verlag, 2007, p. 14
  2. ^ Historisch-Politische Blätter für das Katholische Deutschland, vol. 35, 1855, p. 137 (Digitized)
  3. ^ K. W. Kutschbach: Chronik der Stadt Küstrin, Enslin, 1849, p. 118

External links[edit]

Catherine of Brandenburg-Küstrin
Born: 10 August 1549 Died: 30 September 1602
German nobility
Preceded by
Elisabeth of Anhalt-Zerbst
Electress of Brandenburg
8 January 1598 – 30 September 1602
Vacant
Title next held by
Eleanor of Prussia