Catherine was born in Paris. Her mother died giving birth to her. Her father was deeply upset with the loss of his wife. He died two years later.
Catherine was married to the infant John of Berry in 1386, at the age of eight. They had no children because of the couple's young age. Catherine died in childhood, like many of her siblings. Her brother, Charles succeeded to the throne of France in 1380, Catherine was only two years old at the time. During his reign, Charles suffered from insanity that he had inherited from his mother.