|Systematic (IUPAC) name|
|Legal status||Schedule III (CA) Class C (UK) Schedule I (US)|
|Mol. mass||149.19 g/mol|
| (what is this?)
Cathinone[pronunciation?], or benzoylethanamine, also known as hagigat (Hebrew: חגיגת) in Israel, is a monoamine alkaloid found in the shrub Catha edulis (khat) and is chemically similar to ephedrine, cathine and other amphetamines. Cathinone induces the release of dopamine from striatal preparations that are prelabelled either with dopamine or its precursors. It is probably the main contributor to the stimulant effect of Catha edulis. Cathinone differs from many other amphetamines in that it has a ketone functional group. Other amphetamines that share this structure include the antidepressant bupropion and the stimulant methcathinone, among others.
The sale of khat is legal in some jurisdictions, but illegal in others — see Khat (Regulation). Synthetic cathinone is also often used as the key ingredient of recreational drug mixes commonly known as 'bath salts' in the United States.
Cathinone is structurally related to methcathinone, in much the same way as amphetamine is related to methamphetamine. Cathinone differs from amphetamine by possessing a ketone oxygen atom (C=O) on the β (beta) position of the side chain. The corresponding alcohol compound cathine is a less powerful stimulant. The biophysiological conversion from cathinone to cathine is to blame for the depotentiation of khat leaves over time. Fresh leaves have a greater ratio of cathinone to cathine than dried ones, therefore having more psychoactive effects.
- Bentur Y, Bloom-Krasik A, Raikhlin-Eisenkraft B (March 2008). "Illicit cathinone ("Hagigat") poisoning". Clin Toxicol (Phila) 46 (3): 206–10. doi:10.1080/15563650701517574. PMID 17852166.
- Kalix P (1981). "Cathinone, an alkaloid from khat leaves with an amphetamine-like releasing effect". Psychopharmacology (Berl.) 74 (3): 269–70. doi:10.1007/BF00427108. PMID 6791236.
- International Narcotics Control Board (2003). "List of psychotropic substances under international control" (pdf). United Nations.
||This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2007)|
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