Cathy McGowan (presenter)
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|Born||1943 (age 70–71)|
Cathy McGowan (born 1943) is a British broadcaster and journalist, best known as presenter of the rock music TV show, Ready Steady Go!. In this role, she found herself suddenly propelled to fame as the symbolic new-profile '60s teenager, casual in speech and manner, but dressed in creative fashions that made her popular with male and female viewers alike.
Ready Steady Go!
Ready Steady Go! (RSG) was first broadcast in August 1963, coinciding with the rise of the Beatles in Britain and internationally. As one historian of television reflected in the 1970s, "the revolution had the greatest possible effect on television ... and hindsight commentators were to see the year (1963) as a line of demarcation drawn between one kind of Britain and another".
With its slogan, "the weekend starts here", RSG was shown on Fridays from 6 to 7 pm. Its original presenter Keith Fordyce (1928–2011), a stalwart of the BBC Light Programme and Radio Luxembourg, was joined in 1964 by Cathy McGowan. McGowan, recruited as an advisor from 600 applicants, had been in the fashion department of Woman's Own. She is said to have secured the role in a "run off" with journalist Anne Nightingale, later a disc jockey on Radio 1, by answering "fashion" to a question from Elkan Allan (1922–2006), RSG's executive producer and head of entertainment at Rediffusion, as to whether sex, music or fashion was most important to teenagers.
While McGowan had answered an advert for 'a typical teenager' to work as an advisor, she found herself presenting the show. Her strength was that her status as a fan of the artists was evident in her style; stumbling over her lines, losing her cool and apparent inexperience only made her more popular, and by the end she was presenting the show alone. She may have been the inspiration for Susan Campy from the Beatles' 1964 film A Hard Day's Night, when George Harrison tells the producer of a fictitious teen television show that Campy is "... that posh bird who gets everything wrong", to which the producer played by Kenneth Haigh replies, "She's a trendsetter. It's her profession."
"Queen of the Mods"
McGowan seemed in tune with the times — "the girl of the day", according to Eric Burdon of the Animals — and, through her fashion sense, acquired the eponym, "Queen of the Mods". (This term has been applied to others, such as Dusty Springfield and, in New Zealand, Dinah Lee.) Much of her appeal lay in the fact that she was the age of RSG's viewers: young women regarded her as a role model, while men were attracted by her looks. Anna Wintour, future editor of American Vogue, was, according to her biographer Jerry Oppenheimer, among teenagers whom the show introduced to fashion. Another, Lesley Hornby, who became better known as Twiggy, regarded McGowan as her heroine: "I'd sit and drool over her clothes. She was a heroine to us because she was one of us".
A star among stars
A similar empathy extended to the artists that McGowan interviewed. Donovan, launched in 1965 by his appearances on RSG, recalled McGowan as the "young Mary Quant-look hostess" (Quant being the leading British proponent of the mini-skirt, which McGowan helped popularise), with whom he developed an "easy-going" style of on-screen conversation. In the words of Dominic Sandbrook, a social historian:
The show's most celebrated presenter, McGowan was the same age as the national audience; she wore all the latest trendy shifts and mini-dresses; and she spoke with an earnest, ceaseless barrage of teenage slang, praising whatever was 'fab' or 'smashing', and damning all that was 'square' or 'out'. 'The atmosphere', one observer wrote later, 'was that of a King's Road party where the performers themselves had only just chanced to drop by'.
The following summer McGowan was among celebrities — "a more glittering line up of guests could hardly be imagined" — at the opening in June of Sibylla, a nightclub close to Piccadilly Circus in London.
Impact on the "swinging" '60s
McGowan was an early patron of Biba, whose first store opened in September 1964, and had her own fashion range at British Home Stores. She endorsed a portable make-up set known as "Cathy's Survival Kit". Barbara Hulanicki, who founded Biba, observed that "the girls aped Cathy's long hair and eye-covering fringe and soon their little faces were growing heavy with stage make-up". Julia Dykins, half-sister of John Lennon of the Beatles, recalled how, despite wearing black eye make-up, black polo necks and dyed black jeans "à la Cathy McGowan", she was unable to convince doormen at the Cavern Club in Liverpool, where the Beatles came to prominence, that she was over 18, the age for admission. It has been claimed that the formation in 1966 of a British Society for the Preservation of the Miniskirt was prompted by McGowan's indicating that she would wear a long skirt on RSG.
After Fordyce's departure in March 1965, McGowan continued to present RSG until it ended on 23 December 1966. In 1965 a decision that artists should perform live gave it immediacy that its longer-running BBC rival, Top of the Pops (1964–2006), never acquired; indeed, the latter retained a Mancunian model, Samantha Juste — in television, McGowan's rival – as its "disc girl" until 1967. Although RSG's momentum had begun to flag, it had become a "cult programme" whose impact on music and, through McGowan, on the "swinging" '60s more generally was widely acknowledged. As Sandbrook put it, "Thanks to the enthusiastic salesmanship of McGowan and her fellow presenters, the emerging youth culture that had once been confined to the capital [London] or to the great cities could now be seen and copied almost immediately from Cornwall to the Highlands". The musician and jazz critic George Melly thought RSG "made pop music work on a truly national scale ... It was almost possible to feel a tremor of pubescent excitement from Land's End to John O'Groats".
McGowan, who was a 5ft 4½in (1.64m) brunette, modelled and also presented a show on Radio Luxembourg.
After Ready Steady Go!
Once RSG had ended, McGowan's star began to wane. By way of illustration, the Sunday Times, previewing an exhibition of photographs by Patrick, Earl of Lichfield 40 years later, has described Queen's use of his shots in 1967:
[Lichfield] was ... a great one for persuading people to join in, even if the outcome was not always the one they expected. In the 1960s he took a series of group portraits for Queen magazine supposedly documenting the movers and shakers of the time – except that some, such as Jonathan Aitken and Cathy McGowan, were deemed not to be "in", and were labelled as "out" in the magazine. But Lichfield, with his impeccable manners, refused to upset his subjects by letting them know that in advance.
However, in 1978, McGowan was the subject of a tribute "I'm in love with Cathy McGowan" — by the English band Generation X in the song "Ready Steady Go", a single that hit no. 47 on the UK charts. The social historian Alwyn W. Turner has cited the band's "hymning" of McGowan as an example of punk's indebtedness to mod culture.
McGowan continued in journalism and broadcasting. She was a board member of London's Capital Radio when it was launched in 1973. In the late 1980s she worked for the BBC's Newsroom South East, specialising in entertainment. She interviewed celebrities, including some she had known in the 1960s and others such as singer Michael Ball, who became her partner, and Deborah Harry, formerly of Blondie, whom she described as the most beautiful woman she had met. In 1991, McGowan co-hosted with Alexei Sayle and Jonathan Ross a show by British comedians to mark the 30th anniversary of Amnesty International.
In 1970 McGowan married actor Hywel Bennett, who appeared in such films as The Family Way (1966) and The Virgin Soldiers (1969). They had a daughter, Emma. The marriage was dissolved in 1988 and, since the early 1990s, she has been the partner of Michael Ball. Ball was godfather to McGowan's grandson, Connor, son of Emma.
McGowan's brother John McGowan was a disc jockey in 1965 on King Radio, a pirate radio station broadcasting from a fort in the Thames Estuary. In the mid 1990s the death from ovarian cancer of his wife Angela, a friend of McGowan since their teens, led to his becoming co-founder of a charity supporting research into the disease.
- See, for example, William Mann in The Times, 23 December 1963; Dominic Sandbrook (2005) Never Had It So Good
- Burton Graham (1974) A Do You Remember Book: Television
- Oxford Dictionary of 20th Century Quotations (1998) 59:11
- Halliwell's Television Companion (3rd ed 1986)
- Ready Steady Go! and Cathy McGowan
- Elkan Allan – Obituaries, News – Independent.co.uk
- Richard Williams in The Guardian, 13 February 2006
- See, for example, Madeleine Marsh (1999) Collecting the Sixties
- Dinah Lee
- Dominic Sandbrook (2006) White Heat
- Oppenheimer, Jerry;Front Row: The Cool Life and Hot Times of Vogue's Editor In Chief, St. Martin's Press, New York, 2005, ISBN 0-312-32310-7, 6
- Donovan (2005) The Hurdy Gurdy Man
- "Andy" may have been American singer Andy Williams.
- History of Biba
- Richard Wiseman (2006) Whatever Happened to Simon Dee?
- Julia Baird (2007) Imagine This
- Tom Robbins in New York Times, 1995
- Ready Steady Go! TV Show – Ready Steady Go! Television Show – TV.com. The distinguished director and producer John Sheppard (1940–2010) "revelled in directing live music on Ready Steady Go!", having been "easily seduced" away from the BBC by "the prospect of twice as much money": obituary in Worcester College [Oxford] Record 2010
- Richard Whiteley (2000) Himoff!
- Mark Edmonds in Sunday Times Magazine, 4 May 2008. An "in group", published by Queen in June 1967, included actress Susannah York, actor Tom Courtenay and model Twiggy
- Alwyn W Turner (2008) Crisis? What Crisis?: Britain in the 1970s
- Hello Interview (13 August 1989)
- This was not an uncommon view: see, for example, Cathay Che (1999) Deborah Harry: Platinum Blonde
- Who's Who 1992 Some Internet sources give the date of McGowan's wedding as 1970, but Bennett's Who's Who entry is clear as to 1967.
- Cathy Mcgowan Biography
- The Pirate Radio Hall of Fame: The Mark Hammerton Collection
- ROC – Research into Ovarian Cancer