Cato Maximilian Guldberg

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Cato Maximilian Guldberg
Guldberg Waage.jpg
Guldberg and Waage
Born (1836-08-11)11 August 1836
Christiania (now called Oslo, Norway)
Died 14 January 1902(1902-01-14) (aged 65)
Kristiania (now called Oslo, Norway)
Nationality Norwegian
Fields Mathematics
Chemistry
Institutions Royal Frederick University
Known for law of mass action
Influences Peter Waage

Cato Maximilian Guldberg (11 August 1836 – 14 January 1902) was a Norwegian mathematician and chemist.

Career[edit]

Gulberg worked at the Royal Frederick University. Together with his brother-in-law, Peter Waage, he proposed the law of mass action. This law attracted little attention until, in 1877, Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff arrived at a similar relationship and experimentally demonstrated its validity.[1][2]

In 1890, he published what is now known as the Guldberg rule, which states that the normal boiling point of a liquid is two-thirds of the critical temperature when measured on the absolute scale.[3][4]

From 1866 to 1868, 1869 to 1872 and 1874 to 1875 he was the chairman of the Norwegian Polytechnic Society.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Waage, P.; C. M. Guldberg (1864). "Studies Concerning Affinity". Forhandlinger: Videnskabs - Selskabet i Christinia (Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters): 35. 
  2. ^ Abrash, Henry I.; Gulberg, C. M. (1986). "Studies Concerning Affinity". Journal of Chemical Education 63 (12): 1044–1047. Bibcode:1986JChEd..63.1044W. doi:10.1021/ed063p1044. - English translation of Waage and Guldberg's 1864 paper (above)
  3. ^ Guldberg, C. M. (1890). Z. Phys. Chem. 5: 374. 
  4. ^ Bowden, S. T. (1954). "A Corrected Guldberg Rule". Nature 174 (4430): 613. Bibcode:1954Natur.174..613B. doi:10.1038/174613b0. 
  5. ^ "PFs formenn 1852 - 2004" (in Norwegian). Norwegian Polytechnic Society. Retrieved 27 November 2009. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
H. Koch
Chairman of the Norwegian Polytechnic Society
1866–1868
Succeeded by
Peter Waage
Preceded by
Peter Waage
Chairman of the Norwegian Polytechnic Society
1869–1872
Succeeded by
Johannes Benedictus Klingenberg
Preceded by
Johannes Benedictus Klingenberg
Chairman of the Norwegian Polytechnic Society
1874–1875
Succeeded by
Hans Jacob Rosenørn Grüner