Catoosa County, Georgia

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Catoosa County, Georgia
Catoosa County Courthouse, Ringgold, Georgia.JPG
Catoosa County Courthouse
Map of Georgia highlighting Catoosa County
Location in the state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded 1853
Seat Ringgold
Largest city Fort Oglethorpe
Area
 • Total 162 sq mi (420 km2)
 • Land 162 sq mi (420 km2)
 • Water 0.3 sq mi (1 km2), 0.27%
Population
 • (2010) 63,942
 • Density 394/sq mi (152/km²)
Congressional district 14th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.catoosa.com

Catoosa County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 63,942.[1] The county seat is Ringgold.[2] The county was created on December 5, 1853.

Catoosa County is part of the Chattanooga, TN–GA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

On April 27, 2011 a devastating tornado touched down in the town of Ringgold, located in Catoosa County, leaving a path of severe destruction.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 162 square miles (420 km2), of which 162 square miles (420 km2) is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2) (0.2%) is water.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Civil War[edit]

At the outbreak of the Civil War many men from Catoosa County enlisted in the Confederate army. They joined units in the surrounding counties as well as the following units organized in Catoosa County:

  • 1st Confederate Regiment Georgia Volunteers, Company B, Ringgold Volunteers
  • 1st Confederate Regiment Georgia Volunteers, Company D
  • 1st Confederate Regiment Georgia Volunteers, Company I
  • 1st Georgia State Line Troops, Company A
  • 11th Regiment, Georgia Infantry, Company G
  • 39th Regiment, Georgia Infantry, Company F

War would come to Catoosa County soon enough. Many area homes would become hospitals and treat wounded soldiers from all over. These included hospitals at Catoosa Springs, Cherokee Springs, the Old Stone Church and many other locations. The fighting itself would also make its way into the area. The following engagements were fought in and around Catoosa County.

1862

  • April 7–12 Union forces raid Confederate railroads and lines of communications between Marietta and Chattanooga, Tennessee

1863

  • September 10 Skirmish near Graysville
  • September 12 Skirmish at Leet's Tan Yard
  • September 17 Skirmish at Ringgold
  • September 18 Skirmish at Alexander's Bridge
  • September 18 Action at Reed's Bridge
  • September 19–21 Battle of Chickamauga
  • November 23–27 The Ringgold-Chattanooga Campaign
  • November 26 Action at Ringgold
  • November 26 Skirmish at Graysville
  • November 27 Engagement at Ringgold Gap
  • December 13 Skirmish at Ringgold

1864

  • January 30 Skirmish at Chickamauga
  • February 8 Skirmish at Ringgold
  • February 18 Skirmish at Ringgold
  • February 23 Skirmish at Catoosa Station
  • February 27 Skirmish at Stone Church, near Catoosa Platform
  • March 5 Skirmish at Leet's Tan Yard
  • March 9 Skirmish near Nickajack Gap
  • April 14 Skirmish at Taylor's Ridge
  • May 1 Skirmish at Stone Church
  • May 2 Skirmish at Lee's Cross Roads
  • May 2 Skirmish near Ringgold Gap
  • May 3 Skirmish at Catoosa Springs
  • May 3 Skirmish at Chickamauga Creek
  • May 7 Skirmish near Nickajack Gap
  • October 27 Skirmish near Trickum's Cross Roads

1865

  • March 20 Skirmish at Ringgold

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 5,082
1870 4,409 −13.2%
1880 4,739 7.5%
1890 5,431 14.6%
1900 5,823 7.2%
1910 7,184 23.4%
1920 6,677 −7.1%
1930 9,421 41.1%
1940 12,199 29.5%
1950 15,146 24.2%
1960 21,101 39.3%
1970 28,271 34.0%
1980 36,991 30.8%
1990 42,464 14.8%
2000 53,282 25.5%
2010 63,942 20.0%
Est. 2013 65,311 2.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 53,282 people, 20,425 households, and 15,400 families residing in the county. The population density was 328 people per square mile (127/km²). There were 21,794 housing units at an average density of 134 per square mile (52/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.39% White, 1.26% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.71% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.39% from other races, and 0.93% from two or more races. 1.17% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 20,425 households out of which 35.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.60% were married couples living together, 11.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.60% were non-families. 21.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.80% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 30.80% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, and 11.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 93.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,998, and the median income for a family was $45,710. Males had a median income of $31,746 versus $23,790 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,009. About 6.40% of families and 9.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.50% of those under age 18 and 11.00% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Catoosa County Public Schools

Catoosa County elementary schools: Battlefield Elementary, Battlefield Primary, Boynton Elementary, Cloud Springs Elementary, Graysville Elementary, Ringgold Elementary, Ringgold Primary, Tiger Creek Elementary, West Side Elementary, and Woodstation Elementary.

Catoosa County middle schools: Heritage Middle School, Lakeview Middle School, and Ringgold Middle School.

Catoosa County high schools: Heritage High School, Lakeview-Fort Oglethorpe High School, Performance Learning Center, and Ringgold High School.

Communities[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

Shawn Mullins' 2010 album Light You Up included a song titled "Catoosa County", a semi-fictional account of the Civil War conflicts that took place in the county.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 19, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Ringgold, GA Tornado Confirmed as an EF-4 Tornado, The OKCStormWatcher Weather Blog, April 29, 2011. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 17, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 19, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 19, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 19, 2014. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°54′N 85°08′W / 34.90°N 85.14°W / 34.90; -85.14