Cattaraugus, New York
||This article appears to contradict the article Cattaraugus Creek. (April 2011)|
|Cattaraugus, New York|
|• Total||1.1 sq mi (2.9 km2)|
|• Land||1.1 sq mi (2.9 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||1,375 ft (419 m)|
|• Density||959.6/sq mi (370.5/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0946066|
The village developed most after the arrival of the Erie Railroad in 1851.
The Village of Cattaraugus was incorporated in 1882. Its name derives from Cattaraugus Creek.
Cattaraugus is located at (42.330044, -78.865673).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.1 square miles (2.8 km2), all of it land.
NY Route 353 and the South Branch of Cattaraugus Creek pass through the village. Cattaraugus County Route 12 (which follows the briefly designated NY 264 of the 1930s), the only county route in the county to enter a village, enters the village from the northeast and terminates within the village. The village is built primarily on a hillside; the southwestern portion of the village (around Route 353) is on the highest ground, while a series of side streets run downhill from Route 353 heading northeast. Only two of the village's streets run uphill from Route 353: Rumsey Street (the easternmost tip of Waite Hollow Road) on the village's southern boundary and West Street at the peak of the hill.
Since 2013, the Seneca Transit System has provided public bus service to the village.
The New York and Lake Erie Railroad terminates at a Setterstix plant in Cattaraugus after the portion of the railway southeast of Cattaraugus was decommissioned in the early 1990s. The right-of-way of the portion heading southeast from Cattaraugus is now the Pat McGee Trail, which was established in 2005.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,075 people, 437 households, and 281 families residing in the village. The population density was 959.6 people per square mile (370.6/km²). There were 485 housing units at an average density of 432.9 per square mile (167.2/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 98.51% White, 0.56% Native American, 0.28% from other races, and 0.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.40% of the population.
There were 437 households out of which 34.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.2% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.5% were non-families. 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.07.
In the village the population was spread out with 28.0% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 23.2% from 45 to 64, and 15.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 99.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.1 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $30,664, and the median income for a family was $35,417. Males had a median income of $27,434 versus $19,833 for females. The per capita income for the village was $16,605. About 7.4% of families and 11.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.2% of those under age 18 and 4.7% of those age 65 or over.
The Cattaraugus-Little Valley Central School is the largest employer in the village. The school's only active campus is located at the former Cattaraugus Central School building in the northeast corner of the village on County Route 12; it was constructed in 1954 as a high school, then expanded in 1991 and again in 2011. A former elementary school, abandoned since 1991, is in the center of the village.
Industry is a significant portion of the Cattaraugus economy, and two factories (one for the Chester-Jensen company and the other for lollipop stick manufacturer Setterstix) are located in the village; a third, Composite Panel Solutions, is located just south of the village line. Outside of that, Cattaraugus's economy mostly capitalizes on its location far away from most major municipalities (the nearest city of more than 10,000 is more than 20 miles away in any direction). The only national franchise in Cattaraugus is a Dollar General, which opened in 2010. Other businesses include the Bank of Cattaraugus (founded 1882, considered the first bank in the region), P & C Gas Measurement Service, a Brooks Market grocery store, Pritchard's Hardware, and the Corner Drug Store pharmacy. The village's only automobile dealership, Illig Chevrolet Pontiac, closed in 2008 as a result of the General Motors bankruptcy.
- Alexander Chambers, Union General in American Civil War
- John P. Darling, former New York State Senator
- Clarence B. Farrar, influential psychiatrist
- Joel H. Lyman, Medal of Honor recipient
- Samuel Allen Rice, Colonel in the 33rd regiment of Iowa during the American Civil War
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Alan Feuer (December 23, 2011). "The Bank Around the Corner". New York Times.