Cattaraugus Reservation, Erie County, New York
|Elevation||849 ft (258.8 m)|
|Area||25.7 sq mi (66.6 km2)|
|- land||25.3 sq mi (66 km2)|
|- water||0.3 sq mi (1 km2), 1.17%|
|Density||78 / sq mi (30.1 / km2)|
|Maurice A. John
|- summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|Website: Seneca Nation of Indians|
The part of the reservation in Erie County is the largest. Smaller parts of the reservation are found in Cattaraugus County and Chautauqua County. This is one of the reservations of the Seneca Nation of Indians.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the Indian reservation has a total area of 25.7 mi² (66.5 km²). 25.3 mi² (65.6 km²) of it is land and 0.3 mi² (0.9 km²) of it (1.36%) is water.
New York State Route 438 is the primary route through the reservation. It is a state route in name only; the Seneca Nation maintains the route.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,001 people, 703 households, and 480 families residing in the Indian reservation. The population density was 79.0/mi² (30.5/km²). There were 753 housing units at an average density of 29.7/mi² (11.5/km²). The racial makeup of the Indian reservation was 86.81% Native American, 11.74% White, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.20% from other races, and 1.20% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.90% of the population.
There were 703 households out of which 41.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 30.6% were married couples living together, 29.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.6% were non-families. 26.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.40.
In the Indian reservation the population was spread out with 35.3% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 29.5% from 25 to 44, 17.4% from 45 to 64, and 9.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 91.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.3 males.
The median income for a household in the Indian reservation was $28,713, and the median income for a family was $27,933. Males had a median income of $25,735 versus $23,438 for females. The per capita income for the Indian reservation was $12,382. About 27.8% of families and 30.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 41.9% of those under age 18 and 16.2% of those age 65 or over.