Caudate lobe of liver
|Caudate lobe of liver|
Posterior and inferior surfaces of the liver (caudate lobe visible at center top).
segmentum hepatis posterius I
The caudate lobe (posterior hepatic segment I, Spigelian lobe) is situated upon the postero-superior surface of the liver on the right lobe of the liver, opposite the tenth and eleventh thoracic vertebrae. It is bounded on the left side by the physiological division of the liver called the ligamentum venosum.
It looks backward, being nearly vertical in position; it is longer from above downward than from side to side, and is somewhat concave in the transverse direction.
The caudate process is a small elevation of the hepatic substance extending obliquely and laterally, from the lower extremity of the caudate lobe to the under surface of the right lobe.
Budd-Chiari syndrome, caused by occlusion of hepatic venous outflow, can lead to hypertrophy of the caudate lobe due to its own caval anastomosis that allows for continued function of this lobe of the liver.
- posterior+hepatic+segment+I at eMedicine Dictionary
- Anatomy diagram: 12581.000-1 at Roche Lexicon - illustrated navigator, Elsevier
- Anatomy photo:38:12-0201 at the SUNY Downstate Medical Center - "The Visceral Surface of the Liver"
- Cross section image: pembody/body8a - Plastination Laboratory at the Medical University of Vienna
- MedicalMnemonics.com: 270