Caudebec-en-Caux

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Caudebec-en-Caux
Brotonne Bridge
Brotonne Bridge
Caudebec-en-Caux is located in France
Caudebec-en-Caux
Caudebec-en-Caux
Coordinates: 49°31′38″N 0°43′37″E / 49.5272°N 0.7269°E / 49.5272; 0.7269Coordinates: 49°31′38″N 0°43′37″E / 49.5272°N 0.7269°E / 49.5272; 0.7269
Country France
Region Upper Normandy
Department Seine-Maritime
Arrondissement Rouen
Canton Caudebec-en-Caux
Intercommunality Caux vallée de Seine
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Bastien Coriton
Area1 4.93 km2 (1.90 sq mi)
Population (2006)2 2,376
 • Density 480/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 76164 / 76490
Elevation 1–116 m (3.3–380.6 ft)
(avg. 5 m or 16 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Caudebec-en-Caux is a commune in the Seine-Maritime department in the Haute-Normandie region in northern France.

Geography[edit]

Caudebec-en-Caux is located 27 miles (43 km) W.N.W. of Rouen, on the right bank of the River Seine. The tidal bore in the estuary of the Seine which is known as the mascaret in French, but locally as the barre, used to be well seen at this point. The development of the industrial polder towards Harfleur has changed the geometry of the estuary so that mascaret now seems to be a phenomenon of the past.

Since 1977 Caudebec has been served by the Pont de Brotonne, one of three bridges built across the Seine, downstream from Rouen since 1960, to replace the many ferries so making vehicular access between the Pays de Caux and the Autoroute A13 easier.

History[edit]

Caudebec is one of numerous places in Normandy having names which are clearly derived from a Scandinavian language. Caldebec Abt 1025 (like Caldbeck, Caldebeck 1060, Cumberland.) derives from the old Danish kaldr bekkr: cold stream, cold brook.

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Caudebec-en-Caux (Seine-Maritime)
formerly: Azure, 3 smelt argent.
now: Azure, in pale 3 salmon argent.[1]



Sights[edit]

The Church of Caudebec-en-Caux. Notice in the background, the slope down from the chalk plateau of the Pays de Caux to the Seine estuary.

The chief architectural interest of the town lies in its Flamboyant church, which was constructed during the 15th and the early 16th centuries.[2] Round its top run balustrades formed of Gothic letters, which read as part of the Magnificat. Its west portal, the decoration of the spire of the tower, and its stained glass are among the features which make it one of the finest churches of the Rouen diocese.

  • In the town are also
    • Maison des Templiers (The Templars' House) from the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. The building was saved by a society set up for the purpose and houses a small museum of local archaeology and history. A domestic building of this period is a rarity.
    • The former prison from the fourteenth century.
    • Hôtel du Bailli, a town house.
    • Hôtel de ville (Town Hall) from fround 1800.
    • The riverside embankments (Les Quais).
    • Musée de la marine de Seine, on the history of river navigation.
  • Just outside the town:
    • Château d'Etelan a renaissance château overlooking the final loop of the river Seine
    • The short length of riverside road between Caudebec and St Wandrille, passes under the Pont de Brotonne, a high-level cable-stayed bridge.
    • Monument du Latham 47
    • Fontenelle Abbey (Abbaye de Saint-Wandrille), in the nearby village of St Wandrille.


Economy[edit]

Its industries include tanning and leather-currying, and there is trade in grain. The port has a small trade in coal, live-stock and farm produce.

Caudebec-en-Caux in fiction[edit]

Caudebec-en-Caux (though shortened to 'Caudebec') is the site of the death of the character Captain William Bush, in C.S. Forester's novel Lord Hornblower, part of the popular Horatio Hornblower series set during the Napoleonic Wars. Bush, Hornblower's loyal companion for much of the series, was killed due to an explosion in a minor military operation in the Seine estuary near to the town of Caudebec.[3][4]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.newgaso.fr/lecture_fiche_commune.php3?page=f76164
  2. ^ Steinke, William August. The Flamboyant Gothic Church of Caudebec-En-Caux: A Neglected Masterpiece of French Medieval Architecture. Thesis (Ph. D.)--New York University, 1982.
  3. ^ Forester, C.S., (1946) Lord Hornblower, Michael Joseph, London
  4. ^ Forester, C.S., (1964), The Hornblower Companion, Michael Joseph, London.