Caudron C.59

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C.59
Caudron C.59 and DH-5.jpg
A C.59 (foreground) in flight with a Häfeli DH-5
Role Multi-purpose aircraft
Manufacturer Caudron
Introduction 1922
Primary users French Air Force
Bulgarian Air Force
Turkish Air Force
Finnish Air Force
Produced 1922–1924
Number built 1,800+

The Caudron C.59 was a French, two-seat biplane with a single engine and a canvas-covered fuselage. The French aircraft manufacturer Caudron made this aircraft between 1922 and 1924. It was suitable for several purposes.

The Caudron C.59 was used in France, Bulgaria, China, Finland, Turkey and in the Spanish Civil War.

There was also a C.59/2 version, which was equipped with a 230 hp (170 kW) Lorraine 7Ma engine.

More than 1,800 Caudron C.59s were manufactured.

Operational history[edit]

Finland[edit]

The Finnish Air Force purchased three Caudron C.59s from France in 1923. The aircraft first carried the air force designation codes 2E3-2E5 and from 1927 on CA-48 – CA-50. The manufacturing numbers of the aircraft were 5407–5409. The aircraft were equipped with landing gear, but there were at least one aircraft (2E3) was fitted with floats. The aircraft were accepted into service on March 8, 1923 and the last one was taken out of service in 1931.

Survivors[edit]

The surviving C.59

Päijänne Tavastia Aviation Museum in Asikkala, Finland has one Caudron C.59 in storage.

Operators[edit]

 Argentina
 Brazil
 Bulgaria
 China
 France
 Finland
 Portugal
 Romania
 Spanish State
 Turkey
 Venezuela

Specifications[edit]

Data from Suomen ilmavoimien lentokoneet

General characteristics

  • Crew: One pilot
  • Length: 7.80 m (25 ft 7 in)
  • Wingspan: 10.24 m (33 ft 7 in)
  • Empty weight: 700 kg (1,543 lb)
  • Gross weight: 988 kg (2,178 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Hispano-Suiza 8A, 134 kW (180 hp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 170 km/h (106 mph)
  • Endurance: 3 hours  30 min

See also[edit]

Related lists

References[edit]

  • Kalevi Keskinen, Kyösti Partonen, Kari Stenman: Suomen Ilmavoimat I 1918–27, 2005. ISBN 952-99432-2-9.
  • Kalevi Keskinen, Kari Stenman, Klaus Niska: Suomen ilmavoimien lentokoneet 1918–1939, Tietoteos, 1976.