Caudron R.11

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R.11
Caudron R.11 - Front.jpg
Caudron R.11 at the Air Service, United States Army Air Service Production Center No. 2, Romorantin Aerodrome, France, 1918
Role fighter
Manufacturer Caudron
Designer Paul Deville
First flight 1917
Retired July 1922
Primary user France
Number built 370

The Caudron R.11 was a French five-seat twin-engine bomber, reconnaissance and escort biplane developed and produced by Caudron during the First World War.

Development[edit]

The R.11 was originally intended to fulfill the French Corps d'Armee reconnaissance category. Its design was similar to the Caudron R.4, but with a more pointed nose, two bracing bays outboard the engines rather than three, no nose-wheel, and a much larger tail. The engines were housed in streamlined nacelles just above the lower wing.

Operational history[edit]

The French army ordered 1000 R.11s. Production began in 1917, with the first aircraft completed late in that year. In February 1918 the first Escadrille (squadron) R.26 was equipped. The last escadrille to form before the Armistice (and production ended abruptly) was R.246, at which point 370 planes had been completed.

Variants[edit]

The Caudron R.12 was an experimental version of the R.11, with a larger engine. Development ended when the Caudron R.14 variant appeared in August 1918.

Operators[edit]

 France
 United States

Units using this aircraft[edit]

  • Escadrille R.46
  • Escadrille R.239
  • Escadrille R.240
  • Escadrille R.241
  • Escadrille R.242
  • Escadrille R.246

Specifications[edit]

Data from The Complete Book of Fighters [1]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 3
  • Wingspan: 17.92 m (58 ft 9.5 in)
  • Height: 2.8 m (9 ft 2.25 in)
  • Wing area: 54.25 m2 (583.96 ft2)
  • Empty weight: 1422 kg (3135 lb)
  • Gross weight: 2167 kg (4777 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Hispano-Suiza 8Bba inline piston, 160 kW (215 hp) each each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 183 km/h (114 mph)
  • Endurance: 3 hours  0 min
  • Service ceiling: 5950 m (19520 ft)

Armament

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Green and Swanborough 1994, p.111.
Bibliography
  • Donald, David, ed. (1997). The Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. Prospero Books. p. 235. ISBN 1-85605-375-X. 
  • Green, W; Swanborough, G (1994). The Complete Book of Fighters. New York: Smithmark. ISBN 0-8317-3939-8.