Cauquenes

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Cauquenes
City and Commune
Edificio civico cauquenes.JPG
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of the Cauquenes commune in the Maule Region
Location of the Cauquenes commune in the Maule Region
Location in Chile
Location in Chile
Cauquenes
Location in Chile
Coordinates: 35°58′S 72°21′W / 35.967°S 72.350°W / -35.967; -72.350Coordinates: 35°58′S 72°21′W / 35.967°S 72.350°W / -35.967; -72.350
Country Chile
Region Maule
Province Cauquenes
Founded 1742
Government[1][2]
 • Type Municipality
 • Alcalde Juan Carlos Muñoz Rojas (RN)
Area[3]
 • Total 2,126.3 km2 (821.0 sq mi)
Elevation 135 m (443 ft)
Population (2012 Census)[3]
 • Total 38,522
 • Density 18/km2 (47/sq mi)
 • Urban 30,771
 • Rural 10,446
Demonym Cauquenino
Sex[3]
 • Men 20,092
 • Women 21,125
Time zone CLT [4] (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) CLST [5] (UTC-3)
Postal code 3690000
Area code(s) 56 + 73
Website Official website (Spanish)

Cauquenes, a city and commune in Chile, is the capital of the Cauquenes Province and is located in the Maule Region.

History[edit]

According to the historical records of Alonso de Ercilla, Cauquenes was originally inhabited by an indigenous community of the Promaucaes, known as the Cauqui by the Inca[6] or cauquenes[7] by the Spanish and that gave their name to Cauquenes River. They lived to the south of the Maule River and north of the Itata River and owned a settlement in the place where the city lies today. The city of Cauquenes was founded on May 9, 1742, de "Villa of Nuestra Señora de las Mercedes de José de Manso del Tutuvén", in the land located between the rivers Tutuvén and Cauquenes, that the Promaucae cacique (chieftain) Ascensio Galdámez and his wife Micaela de Araya donated to the Kingdom of Spain. Cauquenes' founder was the then Governor of the Kingdom of Chile, José Antonio Manso de Velasco. The name of the city changed with time. With the law of 20 August 1826, which created the Maule Province, it became called "Villa de Cauquenes", and finally on 22 December of that year, it acquired the title of "Cauquenes".

Cauquenes is a toponym from the term "cauque", a salmonid species extinct today that inhabited the rivers of the area.

Kiosk in the Central Square of Cauquenes.

27 February 2010 earthquake[edit]

Cauquenes was damaged by the 8.8 magnitude earthquake and subsequent tsunami. Restoring power in the city in the immediate aftermath was impossible because of damage from the tsunami.[8]

Demography[edit]

According to the 2002 census of the National Statistics Institute, Cauquenes spans an area of 2,126.3 km2 (821 sq mi) and has 41,217 inhabitants (20,092 men and 21,125 women). Of these, 30,771 (74.7%) lived in urban areas and 10,446 (25.3%) in rural areas. Between the 1992 and 2002 censuses, the population grew by 2.3% (938 persons).[3]

Other localities in the commune of Cauquenes include the following:

  • Sauzal, pop: 521
  • Quella, pop: 346
  • Santa Sofía, pop: 612

Geography[edit]

  • Altitude: 136 metres (446 ft)
  • Latitude: 35° 58' S
  • Longitude: 072° 21' W

Administration[edit]

As a commune, Cauquenes is a third-level administrative division of Chile administered by a municipal council, headed by an alcalde who is directly elected every four years. The 2008-2012 alcalde is Juan Carlos Muñoz Rojas (RN).The municipal council has the following members:[1][2]

  • Hernán Valenzuela Sepúlveda (PDC)
  • Luis Ceroni García (PPD)
  • Guillermo García González (UDI)
  • Domingo Leiva Mena (PS)
  • Manuel Vergara Del Río (RN)
  • Alejandra Concha Urrutia (PPD)

Within the electoral divisions of Chile, Cauquenes is represented in the Chamber of Deputies by Guillermo Ceroni (PPD) and Ignacio Urrutia (UDI) as part of the 40th electoral district, (together with Longaví, Retiro, Parral, Pelluhue and Chanco). The commune is represented in the Senate by Hernán Larraín (UDI) and Ximena Rincón González (PDC) as part of the 11th senatorial constituency (Maule-South).

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b (Spanish) "Asociación Chilena de Municipalidades". Retrieved 7 February 2011. 
  2. ^ a b (Spanish) "Municipality of Cauquenes". Retrieved 7 February 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c d (Spanish) "National Statistics Institute". Retrieved 1 May 2010. 
  4. ^ "Chile Time". WorldTimeZones.org. Retrieved 2010-07-29. 
  5. ^ "Chile Summer Time". WorldTimeZones.org. Retrieved 2010-07-29. 
  6. ^ Inca Garcilaso de la Vega, Comentarios reales, 2da_VII_20 20
  7. ^ Juan Ignacio Molina, Compendio de la historia civil del reyno de Chile, pg. 9.
  8. ^ Wall Street Journal, "Chile Power Firms: Slow Process Restoring Power In Quake Zones", Matthew Cowley, 2 March 2010 (accessed 3 March 2010)