Causes of poverty
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Poverty has various causes, while some of the causes of poverty can be removed by various measures, eliminating the most complicated underlying causes remains a challenge for both developed and developing nations. Some of the causes of poverty include changing trends in a country’s economy, lack of education, high divorce rate which causes feminization of poverty, having a culture of poverty, overpopulation, epidemic diseases such as AIDS and malaria, and environmental problems such as lack of rainfall.
It is hard to separate the causes of poverty from the effects, there is no doubt that poverty is associated with various economic and social ills. For example, overpopulation could be a cause or a side effect of poverty.
Another difficulty arises when a distinction is made between the proximate cause, intermediate cause, and the fundamental causes of poverty. The proximate cause is the nearest cause in the chain of causation A->B->C->D. In the example just used, the fundamental cause of D is A, and factors B and C are intermediate causes.
Ultimately we are interested in the fundamental causes of poverty. Not infrequently our attempts to unravel the chain of causation stops at the intermediate causes but attacking intermediate causes will at best provide temporary amelioration of the problem, like a placing Band-Aid on a head wound.
Fundamental Causes of Poverty: The Poverty Imperative
The first result of a society achieving production surplus to its basis needs is that it now has more choice about what to produce. Primarily this choice is between producing more essentials until the living.
Listing the Causes of Poverty
- Lack of Awareness of govt. policy (M.S.KASHYAP)
- War between two or many countries
- Declining union influence
- Economic structures
- Lack of education
- Fathers leaving the family
- Teenage pregnancy
- Domestic abuse
- Employment abuse
- Immigrant status
- Minority status
- Physical and mental disability
- Loss of job
- Low wage rates
- High medical bills
- Poverty Imperative
- Lack of or inability to afford adequate health insurance
- Industrial change
- Social Factors
- High taxation
- Polygamies (Dr. D. Nziku)
- High growth rate of population
- Lack of job opportunities in secondary sector
- Income inequalities
- Lack of land resources
- Lack of industrialisation
- Over dependence on agriculture
- Inflationary pressure
- Poverty reduction
- Natural cause of Poverty and Artificial cause of Poverty (By, Dr. Dismas Nziku)
- Lusted, Marcia Amidon (2010). Poverty. Edina, Minn.: ABDO Pub. p. 31. ISBN 9781604539578.
- Harrison, Paul (1993). Inside the third world : the anatomy of poverty (3. Ed. ed.). New York: Penguin Books. p. 20. ISBN 9780140172171.
- White, Howard; Killick, Tony (2001). African poverty at the millennium : causes, complexities, and challenges (1. print. ed.). Washington, D.C.: World Bank. p. 27. ISBN 0821348671.