Cautionary and advisory label
Cautionary and advisory labels (CALs) are sometimes added along with Patient Information labels (PILs) and dispensing labels to a medicine dispensed by the pharmacist to a patient.
In many countries prescription medicine is required to include labels that disclose drug contents, directions for use and precautions for use.
Cautionary labels and other pharmaceutical labels are applied to give healthcare professionals adequate information to safely prescribe medicine as well as improve patient safety and compliance. Standard cautionary and advisory labels offer advice but are not exhaustive. The labels are not a substitute for adequate counseling by prescribers and dispensers but are intended to reinforce essential information the patient needs to know.
Label Wording and Warnings
Recommended label wording can offer advice about:
- Timing of doses in relation to food
- Completing the course of treatment
- What has to be done if a dose is missed
- The correct storage of a medicine
- Dissolution of the medicine in water before taking it
- Limits to the number of tablets that should be taken in a given time
Recommended label wording can offer warnings about:
- Effects of the medicine on driving or work (e.g. through drowsiness)
- Foods or medicines that should be avoided
- Avoidance of exposure of the skin to sunlight or sun lamps
- Medicines that can discolor the urine
- Medicines that can stain clothes or skin
- "An Introduction to the Improved FDA Prescription Drug Labeling". FDA. Retrieved 27 November 2013.