Cavalry Corps Schmettow (German Empire)

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Cavalry Corps Schmettow
65th Corps (z.b.V.)
Falkenhayn's cavalry entering Bucuresti on December 6, 1916.jpg
German cavalry entering Bucharest on 6 December 1916
Active August 1916-1919
Country  German Empire
Branch Army
Type Cavalry
Engagements

World War I

Romanian Campaign
Western Front
Disbanded 1919

Cavalry Corps Schmettow was a formation of the German Army in World War I.

Cavalry Corps Schmettow[edit]

By August 1916, the four existing Cavalry Commanders (I, III, V and VI Cavalry Corps) had been assigned sectors of the Eastern Front and thus took on the functions similar to a normal Corps and had been reorganised in a similar fashion. Therefore, for the Romanian Campaign, none of the existing Cavalry Corps were brought in. Instead, a new temporary Cavalry Corps was set up in Transylvannia - Cavalry Corps "Schmettow" - under the command of Generalleutnant Eberhard Graf von Schmettow.[1] It was formed with:[2]

Redesignated 11 January 1917 as 65th Corps (z.b.V.).[3][4]

65th Corps[edit]

65th Corps (z.b.V.)[5] was formed on 11 January 1917 by the redesignation of Cavalry Corps "Schmettow".[6] As the need for large mounted cavalry formations diminished as the war went on, the existing Cavalry Corps increasingly took on the characteristics of a normal Corps Command. This culminated in them being redesignated as "General Commands for Special Use" Generalkommandos zur besonderen Verwendung (Genkdo z.b.V.).

By the end of the war, the Corps was serving on the Western Front as part of the 7th Army with the following composition:[7]

Commanders[edit]

Cavalry Corps Schmettow / 65th Corps was commanded throughout its existence by Generalleutnant Eberhard Graf von Schmettow.[8][9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cron 2002, p. 95
  2. ^ Ellis & Cox 1993, p. 194
  3. ^ General Commands for Special Use Generalkommandos zur besonderen Verwendung (Genkdo z.b.V.)
  4. ^ Cron 2002, p. 89
  5. ^ Note that Corps (z.b.V.) were designated with Arabic, not Roman, numerals.
  6. ^ Cron 2002, p. 89
  7. ^ Ellis & Cox 1993, p. 187
  8. ^ The Prussian Machine, GenKdo Accessed: 20 May 2012
  9. ^ German War History Accessed: 20 May 2012

Bibliography[edit]

  • Cron, Hermann (2002). Imperial German Army 1914-18: Organisation, Structure, Orders-of-Battle [first published: 1937]. Helion & Co. ISBN 1-874622-70-1. 
  • Ellis, John; Cox, Michael (1993). The World War I Databook. Aurum Press Ltd. ISBN 1-85410-766-6.