Cave Spring, Georgia

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Cave Spring, Georgia
City
Downtown Cave Spring.
Downtown Cave Spring.
Location in Floyd County and the state of Georgia
Location in Floyd County and the state of Georgia
Coordinates: 34°6′32″N 85°20′10″W / 34.10889°N 85.33611°W / 34.10889; -85.33611Coordinates: 34°6′32″N 85°20′10″W / 34.10889°N 85.33611°W / 34.10889; -85.33611
Country United States
State Georgia
County Floyd
Area
 • Total 4 sq mi (10.4 km2)
 • Land 4 sq mi (10.4 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 640 ft (195 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,200
 • Density 243.8/sq mi (93.8/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 30124
Area code(s) 706
FIPS code 13-14108[1]
GNIS feature ID 0355041[2]

Cave Spring is a city in Floyd County, Georgia, United States. It is located 12.24 miles (19.70 km) south of Rome, Georgia. The population was 975 at the 2000 census but has grown to around 1200 in 2010. It is part of the 'Rome, Georgia Metropolitan Statistical Area'. The name of town was named after its cave and water spring hence "Cave Spring". The cave has impressive stalagmites and the legendary "Devil's Stool". It is located in Rolater Park. The spring water has won awards for purity and taste. Many visitors bring jugs to fill at the spring and take home for drinking.

Geography[edit]

Cave Spring is located at 34°6′32″N 85°20′10″W / 34.10889°N 85.33611°W / 34.10889; -85.33611 (34.108912, -85.336018)[3]. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.0 square miles (10 km2), of which, 4.0 square miles (10 km2) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) of it (0.50%) is water.

History[edit]

Rolater Park is known for famous spring water and pre-Civil War cave.

Cave Spring is well known for the natural wonders of the cave and spring site where native Indians came to the area (both Cherokee and earlier Mississippian culture). Legend has it that tribal meetings and games used to be held at the site. In 1839, Cave Spring was formed as a small town; founded by Baptists who were among the early settlers. The cave and spring site is now the part of Rolater Park formerly used by educational institutions such as Cave Spring Manual Labor School (renamed Hearn Academy) and others including Georgia School for the Deaf. During the American Civil War of 1864 by following Atlanta campaign, both Confederate and Union troops came to Cave Spring for hospitalization and rest from fighting on the battlefields before Atlanta.

Cave Spring has historic homes and buildings from its early years such as the 1867 Presbyterian Church, 1880 train depot, and 19th century hotels and boarding houses. The spring flows into a sparkling pond from Rolater Park and then into a 1.5-acre (6,100 m2) swimming pool that is shaped like the state of Georgia. The pool is constructed out of stones.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 975 people, 404 households, and 281 families residing in the city. The population density was 242.7 people per square mile (93.6/km²). There were 431 housing units at an average density of 107.3 per square mile (41.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 84.82% White, 12.41% African American, 0.62% Native American, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 1.44% from other races, and 0.62% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.15% of the population.

There were 404 households out of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.0% were married couples living together, 14.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.2% were non-families. 29.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.7% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 23.8% from 25 to 44, 24.5% from 45 to 64, and 22.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 83.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.5 males.

The building of the Georgia School for the Deaf, Fannin Hall, was built in 1846. It was later used as a field hospital for Civil War soldiers.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,750, and the median income for a family was $47,917. Males had a median income of $35,395 versus $20,962 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,850. About 14.0% of families and 15.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.6% of those under age 18 and 13.9% of those age 65 or over.

Cave Spring is the home of Georgia School for the Deaf, established in 1846, is a state-funded residential school operating under the auspices of the Office of Special Services of the Georgia State Department of Education and the Georgia State Board of Education to ensure that appropriate educational programs are available for hearing impaired and multi-handicapped hearing impaired students residing in Georgia. G.S.D. was used to be a field hospital for both Confederate and Union troops during the Civil War. Now new G.S.D. buildings on different land that used to be Perry Farm (Original farmhouse is still standing).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 

External links[edit]