|• Total||39.7 sq mi (102.8 km2)|
|• Land||39.5 sq mi (102.2 km2)|
|• Water||0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2)|
|Elevation||1,017 ft (310 m)|
|• Density||34/sq mi (13/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1462066|
Cavendish is a town in Windsor County, Vermont, United States. The town was named after William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire. The population was 1,367 at the 2010 census. The town of Cavendish includes the unincorporated villages of Cavendish and Proctorsville.
Captain John Coffeen, the town's first permanent settler, brought his family and possessions into the wilderness of Cavendish in June 1769. They built a dwelling in the northern part of town on what is now E. I. Heald's farm, on the lot still called the "Coffeen pasture". The Coffeens remained the only family in Cavendish for two years. In the early 1780s, Leonard Proctor and Salmon Dutton came from Massachusetts and gave their names to the two major settlements on the Black River, Proctorsville and Duttonsville. In 1782, the first recorded town meeting occurred and Dutton was elected town clerk. He is credited with having conducted a 1784 survey for the first road from Duttonsville along the Black River to Ludlow (now Vermont routes 103 and 131). In 1786 he became the town's first justice of the peace. He also served as moderator of the town meeting, as selectman, and as town treasurer. The marriage of Redfield Proctor and Emily Dutton in 1858 joined the leading families of the two villages and promised to put an end to the former rivalry.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 39.7 square miles (102.8 km2), of which 39.5 square miles (102.2 km2) are land and 0.23 square miles (0.6 km2), or 0.59%, is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,470 people, 617 households, and 420 families residing in the town. The population density was 37.1 people per square mile (14.3/km2). There were 860 housing units at an average density of 21.7 per square mile (8.4/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.82% White, 0.07% African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.82% Asian, 0.14% from other races, and 1.02% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.95% of the population.
There were 617 households out of which 25.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.5% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.8% were non-families. 23.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.80.
In the town the population was spread out with 20.7% under the age of 18, 5.2% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 28.2% from 45 to 64, and 17.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 98.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.0 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $34,727, and the median income for a family was $41,591. Males had a median income of $30,223 versus $22,206 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,420. About 2.4% of families and 6.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.5% of those under age 18 and 7.1% of those age 65 or over.
- Phineas Gage, working near Cavendish in 1848, survived an accident in which a large iron rod was driven through his head
- John Martyn Harlow, physician; who attended Phineas Gage during his recovery
- Redfield Proctor, US senator, Secretary of War, and 37th governor of Vermont
- Colonel Thomas O. Seaver, Civil War era Medal of Honor recipient
- Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Russian writer and historian, Nobel prize winner
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Profile for Cavendish, Vermont". ePodunk. Retrieved 2010-05-10.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Cavendish town, Windsor County, Vermont". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved July 30, 2012.
- "History of Cavendish". Cavendish Historical Society. Retrieved 2011-03-25.[dead link]
- "Cavendish 05142". Virtual Vermont. Retrieved 2011-03-25.
- "Cavendish Semiquincentennial: First Settlers". Cavendish Historical Society. Retrieved 2011-03-25.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Cavendish town, Windsor County, Vermont". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved July 30, 2012.
- Floodwaters From Storm Isolate 13 Vermont Towns, The New York Times
- Cavendish Community & Conservation Association
- Information at VirtualVermont.com
- Cavendish Community Profile; with an old postcard