Caversham Bridge

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Caversham Bridge
Caversham Bridge.jpg
Caversham Bridge
Carries A4155 road
Crosses River Thames
Locale Reading
Design Arch
Material Concrete/Granite
Height 15 feet 0 inches (4.57 m)[1]
Number of spans 2
Piers in water 1
Opened 1926
Coordinates 51°27′57″N 0°58′38″W / 51.46583°N 0.97722°W / 51.46583; -0.97722Coordinates: 51°27′57″N 0°58′38″W / 51.46583°N 0.97722°W / 51.46583; -0.97722

Caversham Bridge is a bridge across the River Thames between Caversham and the town centre of Reading. The bridge is situated on the reach above Caversham Lock, carrying the A4155 road across the river and also providing pedestrian access to the adjacent mid-river Pipers Island.

The first bridge on the site was built sometime between 1163, when a famous trial by combat was fought on nearby De Montfort Island, and 1231, when Henry III wrote to the Sheriff of Oxfordshire, commanding him:

"to go in person, taking with him good and lawful men of his county, to the chapel of St Anne on the bridge at Reading over the Thames one side of which is built on the fee of William Earl Marshal and by the view and testimony of those men see that the abbot has the same seisin of the said chapel as he had on the day the said earl died."

William Marshal was the first Earl of Pembroke, the principal landowner in the Caversham area, and regent during the early years of Henry's reign. He had died at his home at Caversham Park in 1218.[2]

The previous Caversham Bridge c. 1900 by Henry Taunt

The old bridge was the site of a skirmish during the English Civil War in 1643 and was left with a wooden drawbridge structure on the Berkshire half. The bridge was still in this state when it was depicted by Joseph Mallord William Turner in 1806/7, in a painting entitled Caversham Bridge with Cattle in the Water.[3]

In 1869 the whole bridge was replaced by an iron lattice construction. When Reading Bridge was completed in 1923 work began on replacing Caversham Bridge with the current structure which is of concrete with a granite balustrade. It was opened in 1926 by Edward Prince of Wales.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ River Thames Alliance. Bridge heights on the River Thames.
  2. ^ Hylton, Stuart (2007). A History of Reading. Philimore & Co Ltd. pp. 72–74. ISBN 978-1-86077-458-4. 
  3. ^ "Caversham Bridge with Cattle in the Water". Tate Gallery. Retrieved 2013-12-17. 

External links[edit]

Next crossing upstream River Thames Next crossing downstream
Reading Festival Bridge (intermittently present)
Whitchurch Bridge (toll road)
Caversham Bridge
Grid reference: SU711746
Reading Bridge (road)