Cavill family

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The Cavill family of Australia is known for its significant contributions to the development of the sport of swimming.[1][2]

Prominent family members in the sport include Frederick Cavill (1839-1927), sons Ernest Cavill (1868-1935), Percy Cavill (1875-1940), Arthur Cavill (August 24, 1877 - March 1, 1914),[3][4] who is credited by sports journalist W.F. Corbett with originating the Australian crawl stroke, which now predominates in "freestyle" swimming races; and Sydney Cavill ("Sid") 1881 - May 5, 1945),[5] was the originator of the butterfly stroke. Youngest son Richmond Theophilus was the first to use the crawl in a competition, winning 100 yards State championship in 1899 and in England, in 1902, he was the first to swim 100 yards in under a minute.[6]

Six members of the family were jointly inducted into the International Swimming Hall of Fame in 1970.[7]


  1. ^ The Royal Family of Swimming, Reader's Digest (Australian edition), Retrieved September 21, 2012
  2. ^ Allen, Geoff (26 March 1961). The saga of the swimming Cavills, The Sydney Morning Herald
  3. ^ (13 March 1914). "Tums" Cavill (obituary), Northern Advocate
  4. ^ (2 March 1914). Cavill Freezes While Swimming: Champion Swimmer Was Unable to Stand Shock of Puget Sound Water, Spokane Daily Chronicle
  5. ^ (5 May 1945). Sid Cavill Dies, Reading Eagle
  6. ^ "Cavill, Richmond Theophilus (Dick) (1884 - 1938) Biographical Entry - Australian Dictionary of Biography Online". Retrieved 2011-01-29. 
  7. ^ The Cavill Family (AUS) - 1970 Honor Contributors, International Swimming Hall of Fame website, Retrieved September 21, 2012