Cayey, Puerto Rico

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Cayey, Puerto Rico
Municipality
Cayey Jajome.jpg
Flag of Cayey, Puerto Rico
Flag
Coat of arms of Cayey, Puerto Rico
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Ciudad de las Brumas", "Ciudad del Torito", "Ciudad del Coquí Dorado"
Anthem: "Alma Boricua"
Location of Cayey in Puerto Rico
Location of Cayey in Puerto Rico
Country United States
Territory Puerto Rico
Founded August 17, 1773
Government
 • Mayor Rolando Ortíz Velázquez (PPD)
 • Senatorial dist. 6 – Guayama
 • Representative dist. 29
Area
 • Total 50.20 sq mi (130.01 km2)
 • Land 50 sq mi (130 km2)
 • Water 0.004 sq mi (.01 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 48,119
 • Density 960/sq mi (370/km2)
Demonym Cayeyanos
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
Zip code 00736 , 00737
Website http://www.cayey.gobierno.pr/

Cayey (Spanish pronunciation: [kaˈʝei]) is a mountain municipality in central Puerto Rico located on the Central Mountain range, north of Salinas and Guayama; south of Cidra and Caguas; east of Aibonito and Salinas; and west of San Lorenzo. Cayey is spread over 21 wards plus Cayey Pueblo, the downtown area and the administrative center of the city. It is part of the San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Cayey is notable for its surrounding mountains. The city has been actively growing since the 1990s, evidenced by its designation as a Metropolitan Area by the U.S. Census Bureau. It has experienced significant growth in commerce, and many major retailers, such as Wal-Mart have opened stores in this city. A new coliseum and hospital facilities have also been built. Coca-Cola and Procter & Gamble are two major corporations that have manufacturing facilities in the town. Cayey is also host to one of the campuses of the University of Puerto Rico, the University of Puerto Rico at Cayey.

History[edit]

Cultivating tobacco at a Puerto Rico Reconstruction Administration experimental area, 1941

Cayey was founded on August 17, 1773 by Juan Mata Vázquez, who became its first mayor. It is said that Cayey derives its name from the Taino Indian word for "a place of waters". Its original name was "Cayey de Muesas".

In 1880, a fire that later acquired legendary status took place in Cayey's Mirador Echevarria area. The fire broke out on the property of a timber company near Charca Del Pato. Many people and dogs died.

Cayey was founded on Cayey was founded on August 17, 1773 by Juan Mata Vázquez, who became its first mayor. It is said that Cayey derives its name from the Taino Indian word for "a place of waters". Its original name was "Cayey de Muesas". It is located along the Eastern central mountain region in a valley that extends from west to east. Cayey is at the crossroads of the route 1 and route 52 that cross the Island from north to south, and the panoramic route that crosses the Island east to west.

The source of economic well being was: an agricultural base was tobacco, sugar cane and minor fruits that began to evolve in the late 1950s and has reduced significantly after that time. The Plaza del Mercado operates only three kiosks for vegetables and a kiosk for meats. Most of the goods are imported from other Island or the United States.

During the first half of the 20th century,[1] Cayey was basically an agricultural area of small farmers and local haciendas dedicated to the farming of crops for the local market. During the 1920s and 1930s farmers increasingly lost their land to absentee landowners, mostly American companies, that turned to the cultivation of sugar cane and, to a lesser extent, tobacco for export. In the 1950s and 1960s some manufacturing concerns established plants in Cayey taking advantage of tax incentives offered by "Operation Bootstrap", Puerto Rico's industrialization program.

An industrial base, in 1947 Cayey saw the beginning of industrial entrepreneurship. There were three factories in town, the Caribe Flower Co. in the Palo Seco neighborhood, a Baseball Factory in the Toita neighborhood, and a Uniform Factory in the back of the High School. These factories employed mostly females. By 1950 the men that worked agriculture became excess population and began to migrate to the United States or join the military. In 1950 with the approval of Fomento Industrial and Operation Bootstrap there was a boom of light factories in Cayey. The Gordonshire Knitting Mill in the Guayama road had twelve large building and ran two shifts with more than 1,000 employees, and the Consolidated Cigar Corporation in the Montellano neighborhood ran three shifts and hired over 2,500 from Cayey and surrounding towns.

An education base that began in the early to mid fifties when the Inter-American University opened a branch in Cayey providing teacher training through a night class scheme. In 1967 the University of Puerto Rico opened a campus in the former Henry Barracks Military Reservation, and in the early 80’s El Turabo University, subsidiary of the Ana G. Mendez conglomerate opened a campus in the old Tabaco Factory at the entrance of town. The Interamerican University will be opening a Graduate campus in front of the Plaza (Center of town), and there are conversations with a foreign educational concern to open a technology campus using the buildings left over by the Gordonshire Knitting Mills. There is three major private schools: Radians School, the Catholic School, and La Milagrosa School. A health base that expanded in the mid 60’s, Cayey has a Mennonite Medical Center and a Municipal Hospital in addition to a host of doctors, laboratories, and urgent care centers that cater to the poor and the elderly.

A housing base that expanded in the 80’s. With the construction of the Interstate (route 52), Cayey has become a sleeper community with gated home developments, just 30 minutes away from San Juan and 45 minutes away from Ponce, pleasant weather and good private schools it has become a premium location for the nouveaux riche.

Impact of Henry Barracks MIlitary Reservation[edit]

Henry Barracks Military Reservation was a lifeline for the residents of Cayey from 1901 to 1966, when it was declared excess land and passed to the General Services Administration for decommission. The property consisted of 439.92 acres ([2]). The property was divided into three prominent encampments: the Spanish Camp- Campamento Español (15 acres), Camp Henry or Henry Barracks, the Home of the third Battalion of the 65th Inf. Regiment that consisted of 372 acres, and 67 acres the Cayey Naval Radio Station (67 acres) [3]). This reservation is situated in the east of the town of Cayey. The Spanish Reservation containing an area of approximately 15 acres, known as Hospital Hill was set apart by Executive Order of June 30, 1903, under an Act of Congress approved on July 7, 1902.[4] The main army post was located in the northern part of the reservation, initially housing the Puerto Rico Volunteer Infantry Regiment.

The combined posts had approximately 1200 men who used the resources provided by the town people. Families moved into Punta Brava and Vieques neighborhoods. A laundry, show shop, and other smaller stores were located right outside the gate. By 1906 about 350 civilians had jobs in the two posts (Camp Henry and The Cayey Navy Radio Station).

The Department of the Navy submitted a proposal to raise three 620 feet tall masts as part of a global radio communication linkage. In 1916 the Department of the navy approved a budget of $40,000. At the time 300 men were hired to build the facility for a period of two year, the project was completed in 1918 [5]

On September 11, 1928 a category five hurricane called San Felipe destroyed the temporary buildings at Henry Barracks, and the Navy Radio Station [6](. A radio message was sent from the Cayey Navy Radio Station on 18 Sept 1928 to follow “All buildings Henry Barracks destroyed by hurricane September 13th”.[7] The Navy left Cayey and moved its station to Isla Grande and Stop 7 ½ in Puerto de Tierra. All the land held by the Navy to include Magazine Hill (El Polvorin) were absorbed by the U. S. Army. The 65th Inf Regiment remained in the North side of the Post. The south side was converted into two 1,000 feet shooting ranges[8] The decision was made to reconstruct all building for the Regiment in the North side in concrete [9] One hundred and ninety building were completed, to include the north side of Henry Barracks.[10] Over 600 men were hired for a period of three years to work in these projects. During this period three large barrack buildings were constructed. The two one company barracks each had its own mess hall and kitchen and was occupied by an infantry company each. The two companies barrack located in the center of the quad occupied the Battalion Headquarters Co. and the Machine Gun Co.[11]

By 1953, the Department of the Army had reached the conclusion that Henry Barracks would be closed in the near future. A full compliment of maintenance personnel composed of professional, technical, and daily laborers were maintained in the Reservation. The growth of three major housing areas is evidence of the economic impact of the Reservation (Reparto Montellano, El Polvorin, Urbanización Aponte)[12] While the all-Puerto Rican 65th Inf regiment would never return to its home base, several other initiatives were undertaken, which had a direct impact on the economic development of the town and the region, one such initiatives was the commissioning of the Caribbean Signal Agency in 1959. Over the coming years several tenants occupied the lands comprised by the Henry Barracks Military Reservation, among them: These activities are as follow:

• In the company size building to the west of the quad, the National Guard had it Officer Training School in 1965 and 1966. It was later moved to Camp Santiago in Salinas. The golf course was used as a helicopter landing strip.

• YMCA Cuerpos de Paz, and VESPRA (1965-1968) used the Administration Building, the swimming pool, the former golf course and three houses in the area formerly housing the Major’s and families.[13]

• The Encampment for Citizenship held its 1966 six-week encampment in the two-company building in the middle of the quad. One hundred and fifty one (151) young leaders from 56 countries from all over the world meet in Cayey to learn to develop self-government and to perform community development projects.[14]

• The Foundation for Community Development moved to the housing is located in the southeastern part of the Post until 1972.[15] Thousands of people received training in community development, and leadership during those years.

Geography[edit]

Mist in Cayey.

Cayey is located in a valley surrounded by La Sierra de Cayey, a mountain range where the Carite Forest Reserve is located, and the Cordillera Central, a mountain range that covers most of the central part of Puerto Rico. Because of its location, Cayey its known for its mountains, its cool weather and its foggy mornings, especially in winter. During Spanish rule Spanish soldiers were sent to Cayey, whose cool weather resembled that of Spain, when assigned to Puerto Rico while they acclimated to the tropical weather. In winter it is not unusual for the temperature to drop into the 50's F.

The Carite Forest Reserve

Climate[edit]

Cayey's climate is humid, rainy and mild compared to lower-elevation areas of the island, the area of the village is nearly 1,500 feet (460 m) high, so the climate is subtropical high. The record maximum temperature is 94 °F (34 °C) and minimum 45 °F (7 °C). The average annual rainfall is 100 inches (2,540 mm) and maximum rainfall record in 24 hours is 20.87 inches (530 mm) of rain.

Flora and fauna[edit]

The Golden coquí (Eleuthe rodactylus jasperi; Spanish: Coquí dorado) is a rare and possibly extinct leptodactylid frog species endemic to Puerto Rico. Native from Cayey, Puerto Rico, Golden coquís have only been found in areas of dense bromeliad growth in the Sierra de Cayey of Puerto Rico between 647 and 785 metres above sea level.

Cityscape[edit]

Barrios[edit]

Cayey Districts.
  • Buena Vista
  • Beatriz
  • Cayey Pueblo
  • Cantera
  • Quenepo
  • Cedro
  • Cercadillo
  • Culebras Altas
  • Culebras Bajas
  • Cuba Libre
  • Farallón
  • Guavate
  • San Cristobal
  • Jájome Alto
  • Jájome Bajo
  • Lapa
  • La Ley
  • Matón Abajo
  • Matón Arriba
  • Mogote
  • Monte Llano
  • Pasto Viejo
  • Pedro Avila
  • Polvorin
  • Piedras
  • Quebrada Arriba
  • Rincón
  • Sumido
  • Toita
  • Villa Polilla
  • Vegas[16]

Buildings and structures[edit]

Telemundo WKAQ TV Tower[edit]

The new Pedro Montañez Municipal Stadium in Cayey

Telemundo WKAQ TV Tower, situated at 18°6'47"N 66°3'9"W, is a 1,105 feet (336.8 m) tall guyed mast for FM-/TV-broadcasting. It was built in 1971 and it is the second tallest man-made structure of Puerto Rico.

Pedro Montañez Stadium[edit]

The new Pedro Montañez Municipal Stadium in Cayey, Puerto Rico, proceeded by the first Pedro Montañez Municipal Stadium in Cayey, it is the home of the Toritos de Cayey Double A baseball team, and the Benigno Fernandez Garcia Jr. High School's field day competitions.

Cayey Pegasus Broadcasting Tower[edit]

Just a few hundred yards away at 18°6'33"N 66°3'2"W, there is the third-tallest structure of Puerto Rico. It is a guyed mast owned by Pegasus Broadcasting Inc. with a height of 1,091 feet (332.5 m), which was built in 1966.

Tourism[edit]

Landmarks and places of interest[edit]

  • Comsat Station.
  • Guavate.
  • Ramón Frade Museum.
  • Sismograph.
  • Brisas De Cayey.
  • Monumento al Jíbaro Puertorriqueño.
  • Monumento a Los Tres Reyes Magos.
  • Tetas de Cayey.
  • Carite Forest.
  • Charco Azul.
  • Lago Carite.
  • The Coca Cola Company Bottling Facility.
  • Escuela de Bellas Artes.
  • El Salón de La Fama del Deporte.
  • El Faro del Saber.
  • University of Puerto Rico, Cayey Campus.
  • Museo de Arte Pio López.
  • Pedro Montañez Municipal Stadium.
  • Teatro Municipal.
  • Banda Municipal de Cayey.
  • Tuna de Cayey.

Culture[edit]

Festivals and events[edit]

  • Regional Fair – April
  • Torito Olympics – April
  • Patrona Festivities Nuestra Señora de Asunción – August

Cayey's Matron Festivities "Nuestra Señora de Asunción" are one of the most popular festival events in Puerto Rico. These festivities are celebrated during 10 days consecutively, bringing singers and bands from around the island. Cayey's Matron Festivities always pop out a surprise during the final days, such like Wisin & Yandel and others.

Demographics[edit]

Monument to The Three Kings in Guavate.
Race – Cayey, Puerto Rico – 2000 Census[17]
Race Population  % of Total
White 41,771 88.2%
Black/African American 1,834 3.9%
American Indian and Alaska Native 89 0.2%
Asian 64 0.1%
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander 24 0.1%
Some other race 2,602 5.5%
Two or more races 986 2.1%

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Puerto Rico are administered by a mayor, elected every four years. The current mayor of Cayey is Rolando Ortíz, of the Popular Democratic Party (PPD). He was elected at the 1996 general elections and has remained in office through all intervening elections since.

The city belongs to the Puerto Rico Senatorial district VI, which is represented by two Senators. In 2012, Miguel Pereira Castillo and Angel M. Rodríguez were elected as District Senators.[18]

Symbols[edit]

Flag[edit]

The flag derives its design and colors from the Coat of Arms, which is in the center of the flag encircled by a solid black ring. The centered Coat of Arms and has four triangles pointing to it, two white and two red.

Coat of Arms[edit]

The Coat of Arms has a three tip mountain, a red bull, and a waving blue stripe representing the abundant water in the zone and also in reverence to the primitive Matron of the town of Cayey. The shield is topped with the silver lamb symbol of San Juan of Puerto Rico, and a red book.

Transportation[edit]

Cayey has direct access to Puerto Rico Highway 52 and its downtown/business area is served by Puerto Rico Highway 14, which grants access to Aibonito to the west and is the main route to the University of Puerto Rico in town, and by Puerto Rico Highway 15 which grants access to south Cayey and Guayama. Puerto Rico Highway 1 Bypass runs through the town's business area. The municipality has good paved roads and is easily accessible from San Juan, being only 25 miles (40 km) away, as well as from Ponce, being only 38 miles (60 km) away. Due to its proximity to Caguas and easy access via PR-52, Cayey has seeing significant growth in the last years.

Education[edit]

  • 23 Public Schools (2 High Schools, 4 Intermediate Schools, 3 Second Units, 13 Elementary Schools and 1 Special Vocational Center).

Higher Education[edit]

  • Cayey, University of Puerto Rico.
  • University of Turabo at Cayey.
  • Instituto de Banca y Comercio.
  • Liberty Technical College.

Health care[edit]

  • Hospital Menonita de Cayey
  • Hospital Municipal de Cayey

Notable natives and residents[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ Life in Cayey during the first part of the 20th century, and the last part of the 19th century, is exquisitely detailed in "Obras Completas" by Cayey's native son Miguel Melendez Muñoz
  2. ^ FUDS (27 Sept 2006). Project Fact Sheet-August 2005. Jacksonville, FLA: Army Corps of Engineer
  3. ^ (Department of the Navy (1915). Map showing boundary lines of the original Spanish Reservation and the present reservation February 7, 1903: Washington, D.C.: Bureau of Yards & Docks, Department of the Navy
  4. ^ Executive Order of June 30, 1903, under an Act of Congress approved on July 7, 1902
  5. ^ (Hopper, S.C. (1922) Development of high power radio and its practical applications in the Services of the United States Navy. Radio Broadcast Magazine 1(3), 484-489).
  6. ^ Fassig, O.L. (September 1928). San Felipe-the Hurricane of September 13, 1928 at San Juan, P.R. San Juan, Puerto Rico: Station Report Weather Bureau Office-San Juan)
  7. ^ (Adjutant General 600.913).
  8. ^ ( Parsons, Inc (2010). Site Inspection Report: Henry Barracks Military Reservation. Norcross, Georgia: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers-FUDS Project 102PR097902) .
  9. ^ (Quartermaster (July 31, 1929) Completion Report at Henry Barracks, Puerto Rico. Governors Island, New York: War Department.
  10. ^ (Smith, C. (July 15, 1930). Completion Report for the construction of one two-company barracks and two one-company barracks at Henry Barracks, Cayey, Puerto Rico: Quatermaster Constructing Report. U.S. Army).
  11. ^ (Smith, C. (July 15, 1930). Completion Report for the construction of one two-company barracks and two one-company barracks at Henry Barracks, Cayey, Puerto Rico: Quatermaster Constructing Report. U.S. Army. p.4
  12. ^ Persoanl communication with Maj. Manuel Rivera Garcia (ret.) and Harry Benett, J.D.(August 24, 2014)
  13. ^ El MUndo, 26 de enero 1965, p.7-8
  14. ^ San Juan Star, Sunday Magazine p. 4 Agosto 1966
  15. ^ Silva Gotay, S. (1967). Proposal for the development of the Instituto de Desarrollo Comunal de Puerto Rico. Funded by the Office of eEconomic Opportunity, Washington, D.C. under the Community Action Programs
  16. ^ http://welcome.top8uertorico.org/maps/cayey.pdf
  17. ^ Ethnicity 2000 census
  18. ^ Elecciones Generales 2012: Escrutinio General on CEEPUR
  19. ^ Am Psychol. 2008 Nov;63(8):818-20

External links[edit]