Caylus village square
|Intercommunality||Quercy Rouergue et des gorges de l'Aveyron|
|• Mayor (2001–2014)||Christian Maffre|
|• Land1||96.79 km2 (37.37 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||16/km2 (42/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||82038 / 82160|
|Elevation||170–385 m (558–1,263 ft)
(avg. 235 m or 771 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Calyus is famous for a castle built before 1176, and was owned by Raymond V of Toulouse at the time. It was taken by Simon de Montfort in 1211, before moving into the royal domain in 1270. In 1562, the city was sacked by the troops Calvinists of Symphorien Durfort, lord of Duras. In 1622, Louis XIII established headquarters here during the siege of Saint-Antonin.
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