Cayton

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This article is about the village near Scarborough. For the medieval village near Harrogate, see South Stainley.
Cayton
St John the Baptist Cayton 1 (Nigel Coates).jpg
St John the Baptist Church, Cayton
Cayton is located in North Yorkshire
Cayton
Cayton
 Cayton shown within North Yorkshire
Population 2,328 (2011 census)[1]
OS grid reference TA053833
   – London 185 mi (298 km)  S
Civil parish Cayton
District Scarborough
Shire county North Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SCARBOROUGH
Postcode district YO11
Dialling code 01723
Police North Yorkshire
Fire North Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament Scarborough and Whitby
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire

Coordinates: 54°14′06″N 0°22′59″W / 54.235°N 0.383°W / 54.235; -0.383

Section post, badly affected by coastal erosion, Cayton Bay.

Cayton is a village and civil parish within the Scarborough borough of North Yorkshire, England. The village is situated approximately 4 miles (6 km) south from Scarborough.

History[edit]

Cayton is mentioned in the Domesday book as "Caitune".

In 2010 Cayton won a Silver-gilt, at the Britain in Bloom awards. This was achieved despite earlier sabotage attacks on a number of flower beds in the village.[citation needed]

Second World War[edit]

Second World War defences were constructed around Cayton. They included a section post and several pillboxes. Many of the remaining defences have been subject to coastal erosion.

The village sent 45 men to the First World War, and 60 to the Second. There was not a single fatality amongst the combined 105 men, with only one soldier suffering a serious injury during the First World War, then being subsequently spared by a German Officer.[citation needed]

Cayton Bay Landslide[edit]

In April 2008, a major landslip caused tons of earth to slip down the cliff side at the edge of Cayton Bay close to Osgodby,[2] leaving bungalows on the Knipe Point estate teetering on the edge of the cliff.[3] The slope movements, caused by water seeping through the clay cliffs,[4] resulted in three properties being demolished and other properties in the Knipe Point Estate and the A165 Filey Road being threatened.[5] A number of the remaining homes are still at risk as the slope and the National Trust land below it are designated as a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI); despite an initial outlay of £90,000[6] by Scarborough Borough Council and the National Trust an engineered solution could not be found, which would satisfy the technical, environmental and cost-effective criteria set by Natural England, the Environment Agency and Defra.[7]

Community[edit]

According to the 2011 UK census, Cayton parish had a population of 2,328,[1] a decrease on the 2001 UK census figure of 2,407.[8]

Cayton County Primary School educates village pupils aged 4 to 11 years.

Cayton Bay forms one of a series of large sweeping sandy bays on the edge of the North Yorkshire National Park which run from Bridlington in the south to Whitby in the north. There is a surf shop and car park on the cliff tops above the Bay.

Cayton railway station on the Yorkshire Coast Line from Hull to Scarborough served the village until it closed on 5 May 1952.[9]

Notable people[edit]

The village is the birthplace of Mikey North, who portrays Gary Windass, in Coronation Street. The fashion designer Ann Louise Roswald was raised in the village and attended the nearby George Pindar School.[citation needed] Cayton has also been the home of a number of professional sportspeople.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics: Area: Cayton CP (Parish)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 7 February 2013. 
  2. ^ "Cayton Bay Cliff Stability Assessment, Ground Investigation and Appraisal of Engineering Stabilisation Options". Halcrow April 2009. Retrieved 13 August 2010. 
  3. ^ "Landslide leaves homes on the edge of a cliff". The Daily Telegraph (London: Telegraph Media Group Limited). 4 April 2008. Retrieved 26 July 2009. 
  4. ^ "Changes in asset values on eroding coasts". Joint Defra/EA Flood and Coastal Erosion Risk Management R&D Programme. Defra 2009. Retrieved 13 August 2010. 
  5. ^ "Landslide at Knipe Point, Cayton Bay, North Yorkshire". British Geological Survey. Natural Environment Research Council. Retrieved 10 August 2010. 
  6. ^ "Recent Weather Events - Further Details on: Erosion and Landslips". Yorkshire & Humber Climate Change Adaptation Study. Yorkshire Futures 2008. Retrieved 13 August 2010. 
  7. ^ "Report to Cabinet - Cayton Bay Cliff Instability". Scarborough Borough Council. Report Of The Head Of Technical Services - 09/535. Retrieved 22 September 2009. 
  8. ^ "2001 Census: Key Statistics: Parish Headcounts: Area: Cayton CP (Parish)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 7 July 2008. 
  9. ^ Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-8526-0508-1. OCLC 60251199. 

Further reading[edit]

  • William Foot - Beaches, fields, streets, and hills ... the anti-invasion landscapes of England, 1940 (Council for British Archaeology, 2006) ISBN 1902771532

External links[edit]

Media related to Cayton at Wikimedia Commons