Vermillion County's location in Indiana
Map of Cayuga
|• Total||1.01 sq mi (2.62 km2)|
|• Land||1.01 sq mi (2.62 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||505 ft (154 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||1,150|
|• Density||1,150.5/sq mi (444.2/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EST (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0432255|
When the town was laid out on September 20, 1827, it was called Eugene Station, though it was also called Osonimon after an Indian chief of that name. It was later renamed after the village of Cayuga and Cayuga Lake in the state of New York; an early settler named John Groenendyke had originally come from Cayuga County, New York and moved to Vigo County in 1818, then in 1819 moved to the area that later became Vermillion County. The name is based on the Iroquois term Gwa-u-geh, meaning "the place of taking out" (in terms of a portage). Local legend attributes the name to the sound made by the horn of a Ford Model T. The town was incorporated around 1891.
According to the 2010 census, the town has a total area of 1.01 square miles (2.6 km2), all land.
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,162 people, 475 households, and 329 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,150.5 inhabitants per square mile (444.2 /km2). There were 523 housing units at an average density of 517.8 per square mile (199.9 /km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.8% White, 0.2% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.5% of the population.
There were 475 households of which 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.5% were married couples living together, 13.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 30.7% were non-families. 26.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.89.
The median age in the town was 43.2 years. 22.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.4% were from 25 to 44; 30.1% were from 45 to 64; and 17.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 48.2% male and 51.8% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,109 people, 466 households, and 313 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,106.8 people per square mile (428.2/km²). There were 517 housing units at an average density of 516.0 per square mile (199.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.38% White, 0.09% African American, 0.99% Native American, and 0.54% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.90% of the population.
There were 466 households out of which 29.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.9% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.8% were non-families. 30.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the town the population was spread out with 24.1% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 25.5% from 25 to 44, 24.4% from 45 to 64, and 16.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 91.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.8 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $31,053, and the median income for a family was $40,536. Males had a median income of $30,179 versus $19,583 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,042. About 8.5% of families and 9.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.1% of those under age 18 and 11.2% of those age 65 or over.
- Cayuga Generating Station
- Colonial Brick Corporation
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-25.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Bowen 1913, p. 362.
- Bowen 1913, p. 401.
- Baker, Ronald L.; Marvin Carmony (1975). Indiana Place Names. Indiana University Press. p. 26. ISBN 0-253-14167-2.
- Bowen 1913, pp. 401–402.
- "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files for Places – Indiana". United States Census. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
- History of Parke and Vermillion Counties Indiana. Indianapolis: B. F. Bowen and Company. 1913. pp. 227–428. Retrieved 2010-12-10.