The protein encoded by this gene is a key licensing factor which, along with the protein Cdc6, functions to license DNA by forming the pre-replication complex (pre-RC). Its activity during the cell cycle is tightly regulated by its association with the protein geminin, which both inhibits Cdt1 activity during S phase in order to prevent re-replication of DNA and prevents it from ubiquitination and subsequent proteolysis.
DNA replication factor CDT1 has been shown to interact with SKP2. Cdt1 is recruited by the origin recognition complex in origin licensing. Null-mutations for Cdt1 are lethal in yeast; the spores undergo mitosis without DNA replication. The overexpression of Cdt1 causes rereplication in H. sapiens, which activates the Chk1 pathway, preventing entry into mitosis.
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