Ceanothus leucodermis

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ceanothus leucodermis
Ceanothus leucodermis 01.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rhamnaceae
Genus: Ceanothus
Species: C. leucodermis
Binomial name
Ceanothus leucodermis
Greene

Ceanothus leucodermis, with the common name chaparral whitethorn or chaparral white thorn, is a species of shrub in the buckthorn family Rhamnaceae.

This Ceanothus is an importance browse for several types of ungulate, such as the mule deer and bighorn sheep, who prefer the new growth and shoots to the older, spiny parts.[1]


Range and habitat[edit]

It is native to California and Baja California, where it grows in coastal and inland mountain habitat, such as chaparral, coniferous forest, and oak woodland.

Growth pattern[edit]

Ceanothus leucodermis is a thorny shrub growing erect to heights approaching 4 meters.

Stems and leaves[edit]

The bark is gray-white, waxy, and somewhat hairy, especially when new.

The twigs harden into sharp-tipped thorns as they age.[1]

The evergreen leaves are alternately arranged, oval in shape and up to about 4 centimeters long. The edges are smooth or lined with tiny glandular teeth. Leaves are covered with a delicate, white powdery coating that can be rubbed off.[2]

Stipules, the small leaf-like structures on the stem at the base of the leaf-stem (petiole), are thin and fall off early, compared to other members of the genus.[2]

Inflorescense and fruit[edit]

The inflorescence is a long, stalked cluster of flowers in shades of blue, lavender, or white.

The fruit is a sticky, three-lobed capsule about half a centimeter long.

Fruits do not have horns, as do some other members of this genus.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Forest Service Fire Ecology
  2. ^ a b c Flowering Plants of the Santa Monica Mountains, Nancy Dale, 2nd Ed., 2000, p. 167

External links[edit]