Cebuano people

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This article is about the ethnic group in the Philippines. For the language that is spoken in Cebu, see Cebuano language.
Cebuano people
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Total population
20,000,000[1]
Regions with significant populations
Cebu and overseas communities
Languages
Cebuano, English, Tagalog, Spanish, and others
Religion
Christianity (Roman Catholicism and Protestantism) Buddhism Hinduism Taoism
Related ethnic groups
Boholano people, Hiligaynon people, Waray people, other Visayan people

The Cebuano people (Cebuano: Sugbuanon) are a Visayan ethnic group in Cebu and form the second largest cultural-linguistic group in the Philippines.[2]

History[edit]

Oceanic or Austronesian people called Malayo-Polynesians settled Cebu island and the rest of the Philippines around 30,000 years ago. Most Cebuanos today have Malayo-Polynesian ancestry. The early Cebuanos developed similar seafaring cultures to the Micronesian people; however, being closer to mainland Asia, the Cebuanos also engaged in trade with Japan, Okinawa, India, China, Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand and Sri Lanka. The ancient Cebuanos developed a culture with influence from mainly Japan, China, India and Borneo.[3] They traded pearls and coral for silk, gold, weapons and spices. The early Cebuanos held animist beliefs and worshiped anitos (spirits) until the introduction of Roman Catholicism.

The famous encounter between explorer Magellan and the local chieftain Lapu-Lapu ended in the death of Magellan at the Battle of Mactan. The Cebuanos held off colonization for a while until a Mexican explorer colonized Cebu and the Cebuanos came under Spanish rule.

Today, the population of the island of Cebu stands at around 3,850,000 people; however, Cebuanos live throughout many of the Visayan islands and parts of Mindanao.

Culture and festivities[edit]

Along with the rest of the Philippines, Cebu was governed from Spain and Mexico, and as a result received heavy Spanish and Mexican influence. There are thousands of Mexican Spanish loanwords in Cebuano. Mexican and Spanish influence is evident in the cuisine, traditional costumes, dances, music, festivals, traditions and crafts.

Cebuano culture is traditionally characterized as a blend of Malay[4] and tradition with influences from Asian culture, Spain, and the United States. The majority of Cebuanos are Roman Catholic.[5]

Among the island's notable festivities are the Sinulog[6] festival, which is a mixture of Christian and animist elements, celebrated annually every third week of January.

Language[edit]

Distribution of the Cebuano language in the Philippines.

The Cebuano language is spoken by about 25,000,000 people in the country and forms the largest of the Visayan languages. Most speakers of Cebuano are found in Cebu, Bohol, Siquijor, Biliran, Western and Southern Leyte, eastern Negros and most of northern Mindanao.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cebu has biggest population among provinces". Sun.Star. Retrieved 2008-04-18. 
  2. ^ "Cebuano". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  3. ^ "Ancient Japanese pottery in Boljoon town | Inquirer News". Inquirer News. 2011-05-30. Retrieved 2013-02-08. 
  4. ^ "Countries and their Cultures". Countries and Their Cultures. Retrieved 2014-02-08. 
  5. ^ "Culture and Lifestyle". Cebu Province official website. 
  6. ^ "Cebu Philippines Festivals, Fiestas and Cultural Event". eTravel Pilipinas-Discover the Wonders of Island Paradise.