Cecil Beck

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Sir Cecil Beck

Sir Arthur Cecil Tyrrell Beck (3 December 1876 – 22 March 1932) was a British Liberal Party politician.

Background[edit]

He was the son of Arthur William Tyrrell Beck. He was educated at Haileybury and the Jesus College, Cambridge. In 1922 he married Lillian Clare Charteris Rickards. They had no children.[1]

Professional career[edit]

In 1898 he qualified as a Barrister and was called to bar at Lincoln's Inn, but he never practised. He did serve as a Justice of the peace. He was an Under-writer at Lloyds.[2]

Political career[edit]

Wisbech division within Cambridgeshire 1885-1918

From 1905-06 he served as Mayor of St Ives, Huntingdonshire.[3] He was Liberal candidate for the Wisbech division of Cambridgeshire at the 1906 General Election. It was already a Liberal seat and he comfortably held it in that election;

General Election 1906: Wisbech[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Arthur Cecil Tyrrell Beck 5,125 55.7 +4.7
Conservative T C Garfit 4,080 44.3 −4.7
Majority 1,045 11.4
Turnout 9,205 83.4 +6.7
Liberal hold Swing +4.7

He only served for one parliament as MP when the Liberals replaced him as their candidate for the January 1910 General Election. He managed to find another seat to contest, the Conservative seat of Chippenham in Wiltshire. Chippenham's Conservative MP since 1892 had joined the Liberals in 1904 and had retained his seat as a Liberal in 1906. He had since taken a seat in the House of Lords and Beck was given the tough job of trying to hold the seat. He was unsuccessful. Another General election came along in December 1910 and Beck tried his luck with a different constituency, Saffron Walden in Essex. This was a traditional Liberal seat that had been marginally lost to the Conservatives at the January 1910 elections. Beck narrowly regained the seat;

General Election December 1910 Saffron Walden[5]

Electorate 9,187

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Arthur Cecil Tyrrell Beck 4,071 50.2 +1.8
Conservative Douglas James Proby 4,031 49.8 -1.8
Majority 40 0.4 3.6
Turnout 88.2 -2.1
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +1.8

In parliament he started off his governmental career in 1912 working as Parliamentary Private Secretary for Percy Illingworth who was the Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury. In 1912 he became Chairman of the Liberal Insurance Committee. Also in 1912 he was appointed one of the Commissioners on the Royal Commission of Inquiry into methods of appointment in the Civil Service. He was made a Lord of the Treasury in the Liberal government of H.H. Asquith in February 1915, then was appointed Vice-Chamberlain of the Household on the formation of the wartime coalition government in May 1915. He continued in this post until June 1917, when he was appointed one of the Parliamentary Secretaries and Controller of Finance to the Ministry of National Service. He was one of the minority of Liberal MPs who agreed to continue serving in the Coalition Government when David Lloyd George took over as Prime Minister. When the 1918 General Election came along, as an office holder in the Coalition Government, Beck received the endorsement of Lloyd George and had no Unionist opponent, making his re-election easy;

General Election 1918

Electorate 31,682

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Arthur Cecil Tyrrell Beck 10,628 70.1
Labour James Joseph Mallon 4,531 29.9
Majority 6,097 40.2
Turnout 47.8
Liberal hold Swing

The National Service Ministry was abolished in December 1919. Beck was knighted in the 1920 New Year Honours.[6] In August 1921 Beck resigned the Coalition Whip to join the Independent Parliamentary Group, a new right wing group led by Horatio Bottomley. Beck intended to contest a London constituency rather than defend his seat at the 1922 General Election,[7] but he did not stand for parliament again.[8]

Funerary monument, Brompton Cemetery, London

Beck died in London on 22 March 1932, aged 55, and is buried in Brompton Cemetery, London.[9]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ ‘BECK, Sir (Arthur) Cecil (Tyrrell)’, Who Was Who, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 1920–2014; online edn, Oxford University Press, 2014 ; online edn, April 2014 accessed 11 Aug 2014
  2. ^ ‘BECK, Sir (Arthur) Cecil (Tyrrell)’, Who Was Who, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 1920–2014; online edn, Oxford University Press, 2014 ; online edn, April 2014 accessed 11 Aug 2014
  3. ^ "Sir Arthur Beck." Times [London, England] 23 Mar. 1932: 19. The Times Digital Archive. Web. 11 Aug. 2014.
  4. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  5. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  6. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 31712. p. 2. 30 December 1919.
  7. ^ "Salary Without Sanction." Times [London, England] 13 Aug. 1921: 8. The Times Digital Archive. Web. 11 Aug. 2014.
  8. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F.W.S.
  9. ^ brompton voyage spectacle shopping ordinateur at brompton.org
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Arthur George Brand
Member of Parliament for Wisbech
19061910
Succeeded by
Hon. Neil Primrose
Preceded by
Douglas James Proby
Member of Parliament for Saffron Walden
19101922
Succeeded by
Sir William Foot Mitchell
Political offices
Preceded by
Hon. Geoffrey Howard
Vice-Chamberlain of the Household
1915–1917
Succeeded by
William Dudley Ward