Cecil Price

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Cecil Price
Born (1938-04-15)April 15, 1938
Died May 6, 2001(2001-05-06) (aged 63)
University of Mississippi Medical Center Jackson, Mississippi
Cause of death
Injuries sustained after a fall
Nationality American
Occupation Deputy Sheriff
Criminal charge
Conspiracy to violate civil rights
Criminal penalty
Six years
Criminal status Released after serving four and a half years
Conviction(s) October 20, 1967

Cecil Ray Price (April 15, 1938 – May 6, 2001) was linked to the murders of three civil rights workers in 1964. At the time of the murders, he was 26 years old and a deputy sheriff in Neshoba County, Mississippi. He was also a member of the White Knights of the Ku Klux Klan.[1]

Although never charged with the murders Price was convicted in October 1967 of violating the civil rights of the three victims.[2] He was sentenced to a six-year prison term and served four and a half years at the Sandstone Federal Penitentiary in Minnesota. Following his release from prison he returned to Philadelphia, Mississippi and worked a variety of jobs. Cecil Price died following a fall from a piece of equipment at his job on May 6, 2001.[2]

Murders[edit]

On the afternoon of June 21, 1964, Price stopped a blue Ford CORE station wagon on Mississippi Highway 19 for allegedly speeding inside the Philadelphia city limits.[3] Inside the station wagon were three civil rights workers James Chaney, who was driving, Andrew Goodman and Michael Schwerner.

Price arrested the three workers, allegedly for suspicion of having been involved in a church arson, and locked them in the county jail.[4] During this time he denied their requests for a phone call and instructed that anyone who called looking for them should be told that the three men were not there.[4] At some time during that afternoon, Price met with his fellow Klansmen to work out the details of the planned evening release and executions.[3]

Price released the three following Chaney's payment of the speeding fine and followed them in his patrol car. At 10:25, Price sped to catch up with the station wagon before it crossed the border into the relative safety of Lauderdale County. Price ordered the three out of their car and into his. He then drove them to a deserted area on Rock Cut Road while being followed by two cars filled with other Klansmen.[4] He then turned them over to fellow Klanmen who committed the beating of James Chaney and subsequent murder of the three men. Price returned to Philadelphia and resumed his duties as deputy while the bodies were being buried at an earthen dam that was under construction.[4]

Following a lead the bodies of the three missing men were located at the dam site on August 4, 1964. Price was invited by FBI Inspector Sullivan to assist in the recovery efforts of the bodies. Sullivan suspected Price of being involved and wished to observe his reactions. FBI agent John Proctor stated that "Price picked up a shovel and dug right in, and gave no indication whatsoever that any of it bothered him." [1] Price also helped escort the three bodies to the University of Mississippi Medical Center in Jackson where the autopsies were performed.[5]

Trial and aftermath[edit]

Following the discovery of the bodies the state of Mississippi refused to bring murder charges against anyone.[6] However, in January 1965, Price and seventeen others were indicted with conspiring in a Ku Klux Klan plot to murder three young civil rights workers. The indictments were dismissed by District Court but the decision was later reversed on appeal and the charges reinstated.[1] The trial of Price and the other defendants began on October 7, 1967 as United States v. Cecil Price, et al.. During this time Price declared himself a candidate for sheriff and he lost the election to Hop Barnette who was one of his co-defendants.[1]

On October 21, 1967, Price was found guilty at trial and sentenced by Judge Cox to a six-year prison term. He served four and a half years at the Sandstone Federal Penitentiary in Minnesota.[1] Following his release in 1974, Price returned to Philadelphia where he worked as a surveyor, oil company driver, and as a watchmaker in a jewelry shop. He was never charged with the murders of the three men.[2]

Later in life Price refused to speak publicly about the events of 1964 to 1967. During an interview for the New York Times Magazine in 1977, he stated that "he enjoyed watching the television show Roots". In the same article Price said "We've got to accept this is the way things are going to be and that's it."[1]

Price died on May 6, 2001, three days after falling from a lift in an equipment rental store in Philadelphia, Mississippi. He died in the same hospital in Jackson where, thirty-seven years earlier, he had helped transport the bodies of the three slain civil rights workers for autopsies.[2]

At the time of Price's death, Mississippi attorney general Mike Moore and Neshoba County prosecutor Ken Turner were considering bringing state murder charges against some of the surviving defendants in the 1967 federal trial. Attorney General Moore saw Price's death as harmful to the ongoing investigation: "If he had been a defendant, he would have been a principal defendant. If he had been a witness, he would have been our best witness. Either way, his death is a tragic blow to our case."[1]

Portrayals in film and television[edit]

The first fictionalized version of Cecil Price appeared in the 1975 CBS 2-part TV drama, Attack on Terror: The FBI vs. the Ku Klux Klan. In this version, Ned Beatty portrayed Sayville Deputy Ollie Thompson.

In the 1988 movie Mississippi Burning, the character of Deputy Clinton Pell was a fictionalized version of Cecil Price.[citation needed] The Pell character was portrayed by Brad Dourif with the part of Pell's wife played by Frances McDormand.

In the 1990 TV movie Murder in Mississippi, Deputy Winter—the third fictionalized version of Cecil Price[citation needed], was portrayed by Royce D. Applegate.

Archival footage of Price appears in the 30 for 30 documentary The Best that Never Was, which chronicles the life of Marcus Dupree. The film begins with a brief mention of Price's involvement in the aforementioned murders, then brings it full circle, explaining that Price helped Dupree get a commercial driver's license, allowing Dupree to establish a career after his retirement from the NFL.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Linder, Douglas O. "The Mississippi Burning Trial (U. S. vs. Price et al.)". Famous Trials. University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law. Retrieved June 26, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c d Stout, David (May 9, 2001). "Cecil Price, 63, Deputy Guilty In Killing of 3 Rights Workers". The New York Times. Retrieved June 26, 2010. 
  3. ^ a b Mitchell, Jerry (December 2, 2007). "Six living suspects from 1964 civil rights murders". clarionledger.com. Retrieved June 26, 2010. 
  4. ^ a b c d Linder, Douglas (2000). "The "Mississippi Burning" Trial (U. S. vs. Price et al.)". JURIST. JURIST: The Legal Education Network. Retrieved June 26, 2010. 
  5. ^ Ladd, Donna (June 16, 2004). "Down a Southern Road". Jackson Free Press. Retrieved June 26, 2010. 
  6. ^ McAlliste, Ashkea Herron; Caren E. Short (June 19, 2009). "45 Years Later: Remembering the Cost of Freedom". The Defenders Online. Retrieved June 26, 2010. 

External links[edit]