Cecil R. King

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Cecil R. King
Cecil King.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 17th district
In office
August 25, 1942 – January 3, 1969
Preceded by Lee E. Geyer
Succeeded by Glenn M. Anderson
Personal details
Born (1898-01-13)January 13, 1898
Fort Niagara, New York
Died March 17, 1974(1974-03-17) (aged 76)
Inglewood, California
Political party Democratic Party

Cecil Rhodes King (January 13, 1898 - March 17, 1974) was an American businessman and politician. King, a Democrat, served as the first member of the United States House of Representatives from California's 17th congressional district for fourteen terms, serving from August 1942 to January 1969.[1] King was first elected by special election on August 25, 1942 after previously serving out the term of Lee E. Geyer who had died in Washington, D.C. on October 11, 1941.[2]

Background[edit]

King was born on January 13, 1898 in Fort Niagara in Niagara County, New York. At the age of ten, King moved with his family to Los Angeles, California.[1] After attending public school in Los Angeles, King enlisted in the United States Army during World War I.[3] In the war, he served as a private, the lowest enlisted rank in the United States Army,[4] from 1917 to 1918. After the war, King got involved in local business in Southern California.[1]

Politics[edit]

In 1933, King became a member of the California State Assembly and served in that body until 1942, with the exception of 1936.[3] From July 15, 1940 to July 18, 1940, King served as a delegate from California[5] to the 1940 Democratic National Convention at Chicago Stadium in Chicago, Illinois.[6] The representative for California's 17th congressional district, Lee E. Geyer, died in Washington, D.C. on October 11, 1941.[2] King served out Geyer's unfinished term, and was elected as a Democrat to the 77th United States Congress by a special election on August 25, 1942. Later that year, King ran unopposed in the November 3 election and captured 92,260 votes, 99.8 percent of the total.[7]

King served as a member of the United States House Committee on Ways and Means, beginning a commitment that he would serve during twelve of his following thirteen terms in the House of Representatives, excluding only 1947-1948, during the 80th United States Congress.[8] Two years later, King again served as one of California's delegates to the 1944 Democratic National Convention[9] again held at Chicago Stadium from July 19 to July 21.[10] In the House elections on November 7, 1944, King again ran unopposed for state's 17th district, and captured 147,217 votes, nearly 100 percent.[11] In the 1946 House elections, King was again unopposed and captured 110,654 votes, or 99.4 percent.[12] At the 1948 Democratic National Convention, King served as an alternate delegate from California.[13] In continuance of the trend, he again ran unopposed in 1948 and 1950 and captured 99.9 percent of the vote in both elections.[14][15] During the 1950s, King also served as the chairman of the House of Representatives subcommittee investigating tax irregularities.[16] After facing his first competitive re-election bid in 1952 when he defeated Republican challenger Robert Finch by nearly 11 percent of the vote,[17] King cruised by in future elections, capturing more than 60 percent of the vote in landslide elections in each biennial election from 1954 to 1966.[18][19][20][21][22][23][24] King also was one of the first people involved in the issue of Medicare, and had carried on the battle in the House of Representatives throughout the 1950s and 1960s until President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Medicare Bill on July 30, 1965.[25]

After nearly twenty-seven years of service, King was not a candidate for re-election in the 1968 House elections to the 90th United States Congress.[1] His successor, Glenn M. Anderson, won a close election by a slim two percent margin.[26] On March 17, 1974, King died of a stroke at a nursing home in Inglewood, California at the age of 76. He was then interred in Inglewood Park Cemetery in Inglewood, California.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Cecil R. King Profile". United States Congress. Retrieved 2007-01-03. 
  2. ^ a b "Lee E. Geyer Profile". United States Congress. Retrieved 2007-01-03. 
  3. ^ a b c Lawrence Kestenbaum. "Cecil Rhodes King Information". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved 2007-01-03. 
  4. ^ "Symbols and Insignias in the United States Army". United States Army. Retrieved 2007-01-03. 
  5. ^ Lawrence Kestenbaum. "California Delegation to the 1940 Democratic National Convention". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved 2007-01-03. 
  6. ^ Lawrence Kestenbaum. "1940 Democratic National Convention". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved 2007-01-03. 
  7. ^ John L. Moore, ed. (1994). Congressional Quarterly's Guide to U.S. Elections (3rd ed.). Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly. p. 1543. ISBN 0-87187-996-4.  pg. 1194
  8. ^ "Former Members of the United States House Committee on Ways and Means". United States House Committee on Ways and Means. Archived from the original on 2006-12-27. Retrieved 2007-01-03. 
  9. ^ Lawrence Kestenbaum. "California Delegation to the 1944 Democratic National Convention". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved 2007-01-03. 
  10. ^ Lawrence Kestenbaum. "1944 Democratic National Convention". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved 2007-01-03. 
  11. ^ Alex Vassar and Shane Meyers. "November 7, 1944 General Election". JoinCalifornia. Retrieved 2007-01-03. 
  12. ^ Moore (1994), pg. 1204
  13. ^ Lawrence Kestenbaum. "California Delegation to the 1948 Democratic National Convention". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved 2007-01-03. 
  14. ^ Moore (1994), pg. 1209
  15. ^ Moore (1994), pg. 1214
  16. ^ "My Heart Is Broken". Time. November 26, 1951. Retrieved 2007-01-03. 
  17. ^ Moore (1994), pg. 1219
  18. ^ Moore (1994), pg. 1224
  19. ^ Moore (1994), pg. 1229
  20. ^ Moore (1994), pg. 1234
  21. ^ Moore (1994), pg. 1239
  22. ^ Moore (1994), pg. 1244
  23. ^ Moore (1994), pg. 1249
  24. ^ Moore (1994), pg. 1254
  25. ^ Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States: Lyndon B. Johnson, 1965. Volume II, entry 394, pp. 811-815 (1966)
  26. ^ Moore (1994), pg. 1259

External links[edit]

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Lee E. Geyer
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 17th congressional district

1942 - 1969
Succeeded by
Glenn M. Anderson