Cecilia Renata of Austria

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Cecilia Renata of Austria
Cecylia Renata Habsburżanka.JPG
Queen consort of Poland
Grand Duchess consort of Lithuania
Tenure 13 September 1637 – 24 March 1644
Coronation 13 September 1637
Spouse Władysław IV Vasa
Issue Sigismund Casimir, Crown Prince of Poland
Princess Maria Anna Isabella
House House of Vasa
House of Habsburg
Father Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor
Mother Maria Anna of Bavaria
Born 16 July 1611
Graz, Austria
Died 24 March 1644(1644-03-24) (aged 32)
Vilnius, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth

Archduchess Cecilia Renata of Austria (German: Cäcilia Renata; Polish: Cecylia Renata; 16 July 1611 – 24 March 1644) was Queen of Poland as consort to the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth's King Władysław IV Vasa.

Biography[edit]

Cecilia Renata was a daughter of Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor, of the House of Habsburg, and Maria Anna of Bavaria. Born in 1611 in Graz, she was chosen as bride by the Polish nobility. She married Władysław 9 August in Vienna by proxy, and then in Warsaw in person on 12 September 1637, and the same day was crowned at St. John's Cathedral in Warsaw.[1] This was the first coronation outside of Kracow; it angered the Polish nobility, and a law was instigated to reserve coronations to Kracow in 1638.

Young and energetic, she soon began organizing the royal court to her liking. She was popular, especially for her politeness. One noble wrote in his memoirs that she insisted other women sit with her, even though she was queen. Cecilia could not remove her husband's mistress, Hedwig Łuszkowska, by herself, so she arranged a marriage between Hedwig and Starosta Merecki, John Wypyski. In 1638, Cecilia and Władysław visited Vienna.

Cecilia advocated the Habsburg and pro-Catholic point of view and allied herself with the pro-Habsburg faction of chancellor Jerzy Ossoliński and pro-Catholic Albrycht Stanisław Radziwiłł. Her political opponent at the court was the faction of Adam Kazanowski, whose influence over King Władysław, his childhood friend, diminished after her marriage. Kazanowski was allied with Chancellor Piotr Gembicki, who thus became one of her opponents. Her influence was strong for the first 2–3 years of marriage, and she had much to say about the royal nominations for important official positions. After 1638/1639 when Władysław realised that Habsburgs were prepared to give him little assistance, her power waned, and he started to disregard her advice.

Cecilia kept in contact with her brothers and continued an intimate attachment with them; she also became friends with her sister-in-law Anna Catherine. She enjoyed music and theatre.

During her marriage she became pregnant three times: Her first child, a son Sigismund Casimir was born on 1 April 1640 and died aged seven, on 9 August 1647; her second child, a daughter Maria Anna Isabella was born on 8 January 1642 and died one month later, on 7 February 1642. On 23 March 1644 Cecilia Renata gave birth her third child, an stillborn daughter.[2] She died next day as a consequence of an infection, likely related to her recent childbirth. She was mourned by Waldyslaw and also left a good impression on the public.

Ancestors[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Podhorodecki, Leszek (1985). Wazowie w Polsce. Warszawa: Ludowa Spółdzielnia Wydawnicza. pp. 264–265. ISBN 83-205-3639-1. 
  2. ^ S. Ochmann-Staniszewska, Dynastia Wazów w Polsce, Warsaw 2006, p. 141.

Sources[edit]

This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the Polish Wikipedia.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Cecilia Renata of Austria
Born: 16 July 1611 Died: 24 March 1644
Royal titles
Preceded by
Constance of Austria
Queen consort of Poland
Grand Duchess consort of Lithuania

1637–1644
Succeeded by
Marie Louise Gonzaga