Cedar Hill, Texas
|Cedar Hill, Texas|
|— City —|
|Nickname(s): The Hill Country of Dallas County|
|Dallas County, Texas|
|Counties||Dallas, Ellis City Type: City|
|• City Council||Mayor Rob Franke
Daniel C. Haydin Jr.
Clifford R. Shaw
|• City Manager||Alan Sims|
|• Total||35.9 sq mi (93.0 km2)|
|• Land||35.8 sq mi (92.8 km2)|
|• Water||0.08 sq mi (0.2 km2) 0.26%|
|Elevation||830 ft (253 m)|
|• Density||1,300/sq mi ( 480/km2)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|ZIP codes||75104, 75106|
|GNIS feature ID||1332440|
Cedar Hill is a city in Dallas and Ellis counties in the U.S. state of Texas. It is located approximately 16 miles (26 km) southwest of downtown Dallas and is situated along the eastern shore of Joe Pool Lake and Cedar Hill State Park. The population was 45,028 at the 2010 census.
Early in its history, Cedar Hill lay along a branch of the Chisholm Trail and served as the temporary county seat of Dallas County. In 1856, a tornado swept through the town killing nine people and destroying most of its buildings. The seat of the county was moved to Dallas not long after.
Cedar Hill is located at . Adjacent cities are Grand Prairie to the southwest, west, and northwest; Dallas to the north; Duncanville to the north and northeast; DeSoto to the northeast and east; Glenn Heights and Ovilla to the southeast; and Midlothian to the south. Most of the city of Cedar Hill is in Dallas County, but a small southern section of the city spills over into Ellis County.(32.588454, -96.947325)
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 35.9 square miles (93.0 km2), of which 35.8 square miles (92.8 km2) is land and 0.08 square miles (0.2 km2), or 0.26%, is water.
It is sometimes referred to as the "hill country of Dallas" (in comparison to the "hill country" surrounding Austin and San Antonio). The city is full of native eastern red cedar evergreen trees and stands at an elevation of about 800 feet (240 m) above sea level—the highest point in a straight line from the Red River at the Texas-Oklahoma border to the Gulf Coast.
Because of its elevation many local radio and TV stations have their antennas located there. Pulse-Doppler weather radar equipment for tracking tornadoes are also attached to these steel antennas that reach several thousand feet into the air and whose blinking lights appear like Christmas trees at night.
The "Austin chalk" limestone uplift on which most of Cedar Hill is spread is covered with "gumbo"-cleche-clay topsoil from a few inches to many feet. The western edge of the city, primarily the Lake Ridge neighborhood, falls below the limestone uplift on the Eagle Ford shale strata surrounding Joe Pool Lake. Home foundation problems—similar to those in Irving's Las Colinas neighborhood to the north and built on the same strata—await those who fail to take precautions in building on expansive soil lying over the Eagle Ford formation. As noted in the demographics below (and like some of the cities immediately surrounding it such as Duncanville and DeSoto), the city is significantly diverse compared to other cities around Dallas which tend to be predominantly of one ethnic origin or another. In the last few years, the city has been booming with new construction as urban sprawl spreads south of Dallas.
In 2010 Cedar Hill had a population of 45,028. The racial and ethnic composition of the population was 25.8% non-Hispanic white, 51.4% non-Hispanic black, 0.5% Hispanic black, 0.5% native American, 2.0% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.1% from some other race, 2.8% reporting two or more races and 18.7% Hispanic or Latino.
As of the census of 2000, there were 32,093 people, 10,748 households, and 8,738 families residing in the city. The population density was 913.0 people per square mile (352.5/km²). There were 11,075 housing units at an average density of 315.1 per square mile (121.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 56.67% White, 33.61% African American, 0.50% Native American, 1.98% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 4.87% from other races, and 2.32% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.91% of the population.
Demographics in southwest Dallas County have changed substantially since the late 1990s. The demographics of Cedar Hill's most affluent neighborhood, Lake Ridge (a master planned community), has changed in step with the city as a whole.
As of 2000 there were 10,748 households out of which 49.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.8% were married couples living together, 14.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.7% were non-families. 15.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 2.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the average family size was 3.30.
In the city the population at the 2000 census was spread out with 32.6% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 35.8% from 25 to 44, 19.2% from 45 to 64, and 4.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 91.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.8 males.
The median income as of the 2000 census for a household in the city was $60,136, and the median income for a family was $63,416. Males had a median income of $41,360 versus $32,207 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,389. About 4.2% of families and 5.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.7% of those under age 18 and 6.5% of those age 65 or over.
On December 23, 2006, the 16-0 Cedar Hill High School Longhorn football team won its first state championship, defeating Cypress Falls 51-17 at the Alamodome in San Antonio. William Cole, who would eventually sign with Oklahoma State, was the star of the game, rushing for nearly 300 yards (270 m) and 3 touchdowns. Cole earned the Offensive MVP honors, and linebacker Chris Francis brought home the Defensive MVP award.
Northwood University is a 4-year post-secondary institution. The school is private and is nestled in the hills and woods on the east side of Joe Pool Lake.
Economic development 
Since 2000, the city has added several retail outlets. The opening of The Plaza at Cedar Hill, in the fall of 2000, began the growth. This 260,000 sq ft (24,000 m2) retail center included a variety of large and small stores, including Pier 1 Imports, Macaroni Grill, David's Seafood, Chili's, Hobby Lobby and OfficeMax. Sprouts Farmers Market opened a new store in October 2009.
Later that year, The Cedar Hill Crossing was built. The retail area includes anchors Home Depot, Kohl's and Staples. A few years later, in 2003, Cedar Village, 70-acre (280,000 m2), was built to include linking a new city hall and historic Main Street district to retail, residential, office and entertainment developments. The Village includes retail frontage along US Hwy 67, restaurants, office space, a stand-alone 100,000 sq ft (9,300 m2) J. C. Penney, and an Ultimate Electronics, which was later changed to a 24 Hour Fitness.
The Pleasant Run Towne Crossing was built in 2003 with 409,000 sq ft (38,000 m2) of retail including anchors like SuperTarget, Sports Authority, and Bed Bath & Beyond. Restaurants nearby include Joe's Crab Shack, Saltgrass Steak House and Panera Bread. A couple of years later, Cedar Hill Pointe was built, which opened in 2005, with Best Buy, Rooms to Go Beds, Wolf Camera and other retail stores.
Cedar Hill is home of the Boxcar Club, a restaurant and bar that is partially constructed from an old railroad box car. The club hosts many charitable events and has annual crawfish boils and pig roasts. The club is the starting point for the annual "Dicky Bob's Frog Run", which had over 200 participants in 2007. 
Uptown Village, Cedar Hill's upscale lifestyle center, opened in March 2008. The 800,000-square-foot (74,000 m2) lifestyle shopping center includes three anchor stores (Dillard's, Barnes & Noble, and Dick's Sporting Goods), 75 additional stores, and numerous restaurants. Some of the stores include Hollister Co., American Eagle Outfitters, Coldwater Creek, Old Navy, Victoria's Secret, Aéropostale, Finish Line, Foot Locker, Champs Sports, Rue21, Charming Charlie, and GameStop. Some of the restaurants include Paciugo, Matt's Rancho Martinez, Which Wich?, and Max n Cheese. Uptown Village is bounded by Highway 67 to the east, FM 1382 on the south, Pleasant Run Road on the north, and Cedar Hill Road on the west.
The Uptown Village development was awarded the 2006 Best Real Estate Deal in Retail/Hospitality by Dallas Business Journal.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Cedar Hill city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved January 11, 2012.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Cedar Hill city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved January 11, 2012.
- 2010 general population and housing characteristics profile for Cedar Hill from the US Census]
- "Contact Us." Life School. Retrieved on September 2, 2011. "950 South I-35E Lancaster, TX 75146"
- City of Cedar Hill official website
- Cedar Hill Chamber of Commerce
- Cedar Hill Economic Development Corporation
- Cedar Hill Independent School District
- Cedar Hill ISD Education Foundation
- Uptown Village
- Handbook of Texas Online article about Cedar Hill
- Cedar Hill State Park
- Joe Pool Lake
- Historical documents of the antenna farm